Wildlife sanctuaries of India

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India has 515 <MoEF Website> animal sanctuaries, referred to as Wildlife sanctuaries (IUCN Category IV Protected Area). Among these, the 41 Tiger Reserves are governed by Project Tiger, and are of special significance in the conservation of the tiger. Some wildlife sanctuaries are specifically named Bird Sanctuary, e.g. Keoladeo National Park before attaining National Park status. Many National Parks were initially Wildlife Sanctuaries.

Wildlife sanctuaries are of national importance to conservation, usually due to some flagship faunal species, are named National Wildlife Sanctuary, like the tri-state National Chambal (Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary for conserving the gharial.

Year Name State Area (km²)
Spike Island Wildlife Sanctuary Andaman and Nicobar Islands 211.7
1985 Interview Island Wildlife Sanctuary Andaman and Nicobar Islands 133
1987 Landfall Island Wildlife Sanctuary Andaman and Nicobar Islands 29.48
1983 Lohabarrack Salt Water Crocodile Sanctuary Andaman and Nicobar Islands 22.21
1987 Defence Island Wildlife Sanctuary Andaman and Nicobar Islands 10.49
1987 Cinque Island Wildlife Sanctuary Andaman and Nicobar Islands 9.51
1987 Flat Island Wildlife Sanctuary Andaman and Nicobar Islands 9.36
1987 Buchaan Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 9.33
1977 Barren Island Wildlife Sanctuary Andaman and Nicobar Islands 8.1
1987 Kyd Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 8
1987 Shearme Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 7.85
1987 Paget Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 7.36
1985 Tilanchang Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 6.83
1977 Narcondum Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 6.81
1987 West Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 6.4
1987 East Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 6.11
1987 Ranger Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 4.26
1987 Swamp Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 4.09
1987 East (Tingling) Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 3.55
1977 North Reef Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 3.48
1987 Benett Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 3.46
1987 Talabaicha Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 3.21
1987 Point Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 3.07
1987 Bondoville Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 2.55
1987 Table (Delgarno) Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 2.29
1985 Battimalve Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 2.23
1987 James Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 2.1
1987 Reef Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1.74
1987 Table (Excelsior) Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1.69
1977 South Sentinel Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1.61
1987 Sandy Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1.58
1987 Roper Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1.46
1987 Pitman Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1.37
1987 South Brother Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1.24
1987 South Reef Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1.17
1987 Bluff Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1.14
1987 Sir Huge Rose Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1.06
1987 Temple Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1.04
1987 Ross Island Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1.01
1970 Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh 4040
1978 Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve Andhra Pradesh and Telangana 3568
ND Gundla Brahmeswaram Wildlife Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh 1194
1963 Kolleru Lake Andhra Pradesh 673
ND Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh 614
1978 Papikonda Wildlife Sanctuary[1] Andhra Pradesh 591
1989 Sri Venkateswara National Park Andhra Pradesh 353
1976 Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh 327.33
ND Sri Lankamalleswara Wildlife Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh 464.42
ND Koundinya Wildlife Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh 357
1978 Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh 235.79
ND Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh 194.81
1972 Kambalakonda Wildlife Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh 71
ND Lanjamadugu Wildlife Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh ND
1977 Pakhui Tiger Reserve Arunachal Pradesh 861.95
1991 Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary Arunachal Pradesh 4149
1989 Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary Arunachal Pradesh 783
1980 Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary Arunachal Pradesh 281.5
1989 Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary Arunachal Pradesh 217
1978 D'ering Memorial Wildlife Sanctuary Arunachal Pradesh 190
1978 Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary Arunachal Pradesh 140.3
1989 Sessa Orchid Sanctuary Arunachal Pradesh 100
1991 Kane Wildlife Sanctuary Arunachal Pradesh 55
ND Talley Valley Wildlife Sanctuary Arunachal Pradesh 337[2][3]
1905 Kaziranga National Park Assam 430
1980 Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary[4] Assam 26.22
1989 Dipor Bil Assam 40
ND Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary Assam 6.05
1997 Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary Assam 2098.62
1928 Manas National Park Assam 391
1934 Sonai Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary Assam 175
1985 Nameri National Park Assam 137.07
1985 Orang National Park Assam 72.6
1979 Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary Assam 70.14
ND Pabha Wildlife Sanctuary Assam 49
1987 Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary Assam 38.83
1978 Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary Bihar 1342.22
1976 Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary Bihar 681.9
1978 Valmikinagar Wildlife Sanctuary Bihar 461.6
1976 Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary Bihar 259.48
1978 Lawalang Bihar 211.03
1985 Nakti Dam Bihar 206.4
1986 Kabar Bihar 204
1976 Mahuadaur Bihar 63.25
1984 Parasnath Bihar 49.23
1978 Rajgir Bihar 35.84
ND Chandra Prabha Sanctuary Bihar ND
ND Topchanchi Bihar ND
ND Sukhna Chandigarh 25.42
1975 Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary Chhattisgarh 557.55
1983 Bhairamgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Chhattisgarh 138.95
1976 Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary[5] Chhattisgarh 244.66
1972 Udanti Wildlife Sanctuary[6] Chhattisgarh 232
1978 Semarsot Wildlife Sanctuary[7] Chhattisgarh 430.36
1974 Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary[8] Chhattisgarh 556
1978 Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary Chhattisgarh 608.55
1983 Pamed Wildlife Sanctuary Chhattisgarh 262
1983 Bhairamgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Chhattisgarh 138.95
1975 Badalkohl Wildlife Sanctuary Chhattisgarh 104.35
1975 Achanakamar Chhattisgarh 551.55
1972 Gomarda Reserve Forest Chhattisgarh 277.82
ND Indira Priyadarshini Delhi 13.2
1967 Bhagwan Mahavir Goa 148.52
1968 Bhagwan Mahavir Goa 105
1972 Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary Goa 8
1979 Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary Goa 1.8
1982 Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary Gujarat 607.7
1989 Balaram-Ambaji Wildlife Sanctuary Gujarat 542.08
1986 Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary Gujarat 7506.22
1973 Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary Gujarat 4953.7
1965 Gir Forest National Park Gujarat 1153.42
1981 Narayan Sarovar Sanctuary Gujarat 765.79
1980 Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch Gujarat 293.03
1979 Barda Wildlife Sanctuary Gujarat 192.31
1978 Jessore Gujarat 180.66
1990 Purna Gujarat 160.84
1990 Jambughoda Gujarat 130.38
1969 Nal Sarovar Gujarat 120.82
1982 Ratanmahal Gujarat 55.65
1989 Paniya Gujarat 39.63
1988 Rampura Gujarat 15.01
ND Khijadiya Gujarat ND
ND Dhumkhal Gujarat ND
1988 Thol Bird Sanctuary Gujarat 153
1987 Chautala Haryana 113.96
1978 Bir Shikargarh Haryana 10.93
1982 Rupi Bhabha Sanctuary Himachal Pradesh 354.14
1962 Sechu Tuan Nala Wildlife Sanctuary Himachal Pradesh 655.32
1962 Tundah Wildlife Sanctuary Himachal Pradesh 419.48
1962 Kugti Wildlife Sanctuary Himachal Pradesh 330
1983 Pong Dam Sanctuary Himachal Pradesh 322.7
1962 Nargu Wildlife Sanctuary Himachal Pradesh 243.13
1962 Bandli Himachal Pradesh 239.47
1962 Gobind Sagar & Naina Devi Himachal Pradesh 120.67
1976 Chail Himachal Pradesh 110.04
1949 Gamgul Siahbehi Himachal Pradesh 105.46
1962 Darlaghat Himachal Pradesh 98.71
1962 Shikari Devi Himachal Pradesh 71.19
1976 Tirthan Himachal Pradesh 68.25
1954 Kanawar Himachal Pradesh 61.57
1985 Churdhar Himachal Pradesh 56.59
1962 Raksham Chitkul Himachal Pradesh 38.27
1962 Naina Devi Himachal Pradesh 37.19
1962 Talra Himachal Pradesh 36.16
1962 Majathal Himachal Pradesh 31.64
1954 Manali sanctuary Himachal Pradesh 31.27
1949 Kalatop & Khajjiar Himachal Pradesh 30.69
1962 Lippa Asrang Himachal Pradesh 29.53
1962 Daranghati Himachal Pradesh 27.01
1954 Khokhan Himachal Pradesh 17.6
1958 Simbalbara Himachal Pradesh 17.2
1954 Kais Himachal Pradesh 12.2
ND Renuka Himachal Pradesh ND
ND Shilli Himachal Pradesh ND
ND Karakoram Wildlife Sanctuary Jammu and Kashmir 1800
1987 Lachipora Jammu and Kashmir 800
1987 Overa-Aru Jammu and Kashmir 425
1988 Kanji Wildlife Sanctuary Jammu and Kashmir 250
1987 Gulmarg Jammu and Kashmir 186
1987 Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary Jammu and Kashmir 341
1981 Surinsar-Mansar Jammu and Kashmir 39.58
1981 Nandini Jammu and Kashmir 33.72
2008 Achabal Jammu and Kashmir ND
1987 Limber Jammu and Kashmir 26
ND Tongri Jammu and Kashmir 20
1981 Ramnagar Jammu and Kashmir 12.9
ND Hokarsar Jammu and Kashmir 10
1987 Baltal Jammu and Kashmir 3
1987 Changtang Wildlife Sanctuary Jammu and Kashmir 4000
1976 Palamau Tiger Reserve Jharkhand 767
1976 Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary Jharkhand 193.22
1977 Hazaribagh Jharkhand 186.25
1985 Koderma Jharkhand 177.95
1974 Mookambika Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka 247
1974 Melkote Temple Karnataka 49.82
1974 Nugu Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka 30.32
1974 Ghataprabha Bird Sanctuary Karnataka 29.78
1985 Arabithittu Wildlife Sanctuary[9] Karnataka 13.5
1985 Adichunchanagiri Wildlife Sanctuary[10] Karnataka 0.88
1974 Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka 492.46
2011 Bhimgad Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka 190.42
1987 Biligiriranga Swamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka 539.58
1974 Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka 181.29
1987 Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka 510.51
ND Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka 834.16
ND Gudavi Bird Sanctuary Karnataka 0.74
ND Mandagadde Bird Sanctuary Karnataka 0.005
ND Melukote Temple Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka 45.82
1987 Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka 102.59
ND Ranganthittu Karnataka 0.67
1974 Ranibennur Blackbuck Sanctuary Karnataka 119
1972 Sharavathi Valley Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka 413.23
1974 Shettihalli Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka 395.6
1974 Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka 88.4
1987 Talakaveri Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka 105
1950 Periyar National Park Kerala 472
1973 Waynad Kerala 344.44
1973 Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary Kerala 285
1958 Neyyar Kerala 128
1958 Peechi-Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary Kerala 125
1984 Chimmony Wildlife sanctuary Kerala 105
1984 Shenduruny Kerala 100.32
1984 Chinnar Kerala 90.44
1976 Idukki Kerala 77
1984 Aralam Kerala 55
1983 Peppara Kerala 53
1983 Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary Kerala 25
ND Kumarakom Kerala ND
2010 Malabar Wildlife Sanctuary[11] Kerala 74.21
1977 Bori Wildlife Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 518.25
1978 Bagdara Wildlife Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 478.9
1983 Phen Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 110.24
1981 Ghatigaon Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 512
1974 Gandhi Sagar Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 368.62
1981 Karera Wildlife Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 202.21
1981 Ken Ghariyal Sanctuary[12] Madhya Pradesh 45
1955 Kheoni Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 134.778
1974 Narsinghgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 57.19
1978 National Chambal Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 320
1975 Nauradehi Wildlife Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 1034.52
1977 Pachmarhi Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 461.85
1983 Panpatha Wildlife Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 245.84
1981 Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 344.68
1976 Ratapani Tiger Reserve Madhya Pradesh 688.79
1975 Snajay-Dubri Wildlife Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 364.69
1976 Singhori Wildlife Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 287.91
1981 Son Ghariyal Sanctuary[13] Madhya Pradesh 41.8
1983 Sardarpur Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 348.12
1985 Melghat Maharashtra 597.23
1986 Tadoba Andhari Tiger Project Maharashtra 625.4
1985 Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary Maharashtra 423.55
1958 Radhanagari Wildlife Sanctuary Maharashtra 371.88
1986 Kalsubai Harishchandra Maharashtra 361.71
1986 Jaikwadi Maharashtra 341.05
1986 Painganga Maharashtra 324.62
1979 Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary Maharashtra 8496.44
1985 Chandoli National Park Maharashtra 308.97
1986 Gautala Autramghat Sanctuary Maharashtra 260.61
1969 Yawal Maharashtra 177.52
1970 Nagzira Maharashtra 152.81
1986 Chaprala Maharashtra 134.78
1985 Bhimashankar Maharashtra 130.78
1986 Nandpur Madmeshwar Maharashtra 100.12
1986 Aner Dam Maharashtra 82.94
1988 Katepurna Maharashtra 73.69
1986 Phansad Wildlife Sanctuary Maharashtra 69.79
1970 Bor Maharashtra 61.1
1970 Tansa Maharashtra 30.41
1987 Malvan Marine Maharashtra 29.12
1985 Sagershwar Maharashtra 10.87
ND Dhakna Kolkaz Maharashtra ND
ND Gandhari Maharashtra ND
ND Yedshi Ramling Ghat[14] Maharashtra 22.37
ND Wainganga Maharashtra ND
1989 Yagoupokpi Lokchao Manipur 184.8
1981 Nongkhyllem Meghalaya 29
ND Bhagmara Meghalaya ND
ND Siju Meghalaya ND
1985 Dampa Tiger Reserve Mizoram 550
1991 Khawnglung Mizoram 41
1991 Ngengpui Mizoram 150
ND Fakim Nagaland ND
1975 Intanki Nagaland 202.02
ND Pulebatze Nagaland ND
1988 Badrama Sanctuary Odisha 304.03
1981 Baisipalli Wildlife Sanctuary Odisha 168.35
1984 Balukhand Konark Odisha 71.72
1975 Bhitarkanika Odisha 70
1982 Chandaka Dampara Odisha 175.79
1987 Chilika Bird Sanctuary Odisha 1100
1987 Nalbana Bird Sanctuary Odisha 1100
1985 Debrigarh Wildlife Sanctuary Odisha 346.91
1978 Hadgarh Odisha 191.06
1992 Karlapat Odisha 147.66
1981 Kotgarh Odisha 399.05
1984 Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuary[15] Odisha 300
1985 Lakhari Valley Odisha 185.87
1982 Khalasuni Odisha 116
1976 Satkosia Gorge Wildlife Sanctuary Odisha 795.52
1979 Simlipal National Park Odisha 845.7
1986 Sunabeda Wildlife Sanctuary Odisha 600
ND Ushakothi Odisha ND
ND Bir Motibagh Punjab ND
1975 Abohar Punjab 188.24
ND Bir Bunnerheri Punjab ND
ND Bir Gurdialpura Punjab ND
1982 Harike Lake Punjab 43
1960 Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary Rajasthan 288.84
1985 Baretha Rajasthan 192.76
ND Bassi Rajasthan ND
1983 Bhensrodgarh Rajasthan 229.14
1983 Chambal Rajasthan 280
1955 Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary[16] Rajasthan ND
ND Garhial Rajasthan ND
1956 Jaisamand Rajasthan 52
1955 Jaswant Sagar Wildlife Sanctuary Rajasthan ND
1980 Jawahar Sagar Rajasthan 100
1983 Keladevi Wildlife Sanctuary Rajasthan 676
1971 Kumbhalgarh Rajasthan 578.26
1980 Nahargarh Rajasthan 50
1983 Phulwari Wildlife Sanctuary Rajasthan 511.41
1982 Jamwa Ramgarh Wildlife Sanctuary Rajasthan 300
1982 Ramgarh Vishdhari Wildlife Sanctuary Rajasthan 307
1955 Sariska Tiger Reserve Rajasthan 866
1984 Sawai Mansingh Rajasthan 103.25
1983 Shergarh Rajasthan 98.71
1979 Sita Mata Wildlife Sanctuary Rajasthan 422.94
ND Sundha Mata Rajasthan 107
ND Tal Chhapar Sanctuary Rajasthan ND
1983 Todgarh Rawali Wildlife Sanctuary Rajasthan 495.27
1955 Van Vihar Rajasthan 59.93
1984 Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary Sikkim 51.76
1984 Fambong Lho Sikkim 51.76
1984 Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary Sikkim 51.76
ND Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary Sikkim ND
1987 Meanam Sikkim 35.34
1984 Shingba Rhododendron Sikkim 32.5
1988 Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve Tamil Nadu 895
ND Kalakkadu Tamil Nadu 223.58
ND Karikili Tamil Nadu ND
ND Mudumalai National Park Tamil Nadu 321.55
ND Mukkurthi Tamil Nadu 78.46
ND Point Calimere Tamil Nadu 17.26
ND Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu 153.67
2008 Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary Tamil Nadu 1411.6
ND Shenbagathoppu Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary Tamil Nadu 480
ND Vallanadu Tamil Nadu 16.41
ND Vedantangal Tamil Nadu 0.3
ND Vettangudi Tamil Nadu ND
1953 Eturnagaram Wildlife Sanctuary Telangana 803
1965 Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary Telangana 893
1977 Kinnerasani Wildlife Sanctuary Telangana 655.41
1978 Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary Telangana 20
1952 Pakhal Wildlife Sanctuary Telangana 879.3
1952 Pocharam Forest & Wildlife Sanctuary Telangana 130
1980 Pranahita Wildlife Sanctuary Telangana 136.02
1978 Shivaram Wildlife Sanctuary Telangana 36.29
ND Charilam Tripura ND
1988 Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary[17] Tripura 389.54
1987 Sepahijala Tripura 18.53
1987 Trishna Tripura 170.56
ND Asan Bradge Bird Watching Uttar Pradesh ND
1957 Chandra Prabha Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 78
ND Chilla Uttar Pradesh ND
1982 Kaimoor Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 500.75
1976 Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 400
1977 Ranipur Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 230.31
1987 Sohagi Barwa Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 428.2
1972 Kishanpur Uttar Pradesh 227.12
1986[18] Hastinapur Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 2073
ND Mahavir Swamy Uttar Pradesh ND
ND Nawabganj Uttar Pradesh ND
ND Samaspur Uttar Pradesh ND
1989 Okhla Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 4.00
1990 Sandi Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 3.09
1979 National Chambal Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 635
1986 Askot Musk Deer Sanctuary Uttarakhand 599.93
1988 Binsar Uttarakhand 45.59
1954 Govind Pashu Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary Uttarakhand 481.04
1972 Kedarnath Wild Life Sanctuary Uttarakhand 975.24
1987 Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary Uttarakhand[19] 301.18
1976 Singalila National Park West Bengal 362.4
1986 Buxa Tiger Reserve West Bengal 251.89
1976 Murti Wildlife West Bengal 127.22
1976 Senchal West Bengal 38.88
1976 Lothian Island West Bengal 38
1976 Haliday Island West Bengal 5.95
ND Bibhutibhushan West Bengal ND
ND Bethudahari West Bengal ND
ND Ballabhpur West Bengal ND
ND Chapramari West Bengal ND
ND Gorumara West Bengal ND
ND Jore Pokhri West Bengal ND
1959 Mahananda West Bengal 159
ND Parnadhan West Bengal ND
ND Ramnabagan West Bengal ND
ND Raiganj West Bengal ND

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References[edit]

External links[edit]