Wilfred J. Funk

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Wilfred J. Funk
Born Wilfred John Funk
(1883-03-20)20 March 1883
Died 1 June 1965(1965-06-01) (aged 82)
Montclair, New Jersey
Occupation Writer
Nationality American
Ethnicity English

Wilfred John Funk (20 March 1883 – 1 June 1965) was an American author, poet, lexicographer, and publisher. He was president of Funk & Wagnalls from 1925 to 1940, and founder of publishing company Wilfred Funk, Inc.

Personal life[edit]

Funk was the only son of Funk & Wagnalls' founder Isaac Kaufmann Funk. He graduated from Princeton in 1909,[1] and joined the family firm.[2] He married Eleanor Hawkins on 29 July 1915.[3]

He had a wealthy lifestyle. His main residence was in Montclair, New Jersey, a suburb of Manhattan.[4] His beach house "Cobble Court" in Southampton was a society venue in the Hamptons summer season.[5][6] Several tax-efficient trusts Funk created for his wife were the subject of dispute with the Tax Office, ending in a Court of Appeals decision in 1950.[7]

His son Wilfred J. Funk, Jr was killed in August 1943 in Operation Cottage, the assault on Kiska in World War II.[8]

Wilfred Funk died of arteriosclerosis in Montclair.[9]

Early work[edit]

Funk became president of Funk & Wagnalls in 1925. In 1933, Time magazine described him as "titular president, but famed only for light verse".[10] He had poems printed in the New York Evening Sun in 1928–9,[4] and one called "Oh, Doctor!" in The New Yorker in 1930, whose opening lines were:[11]

Mastoids, sinuses, and such
Bother children overmuch

In 1932, he publicized his firm's dictionary with a list of the ten most beautiful words in the English language, having regard for both sound and meaning.[12]

  • dawn, hush, lullaby, murmuring, tranquil, mist, luminous, chimes, golden, melody

In 1934, he listed the "ten modern Americans who have done most to keep American jargon alive":[13]

In 1937, he listed the ten most overworked words:[2][14]

  • okay, terrific, lousy, definitely, racket, gal, honey, swell, contact, impact

He received an honorary Doctor of Letters degree in 1932 from Oglethorpe University.[15]

Literary Digest[edit]

Main article: The Literary Digest

In March 1936 Funk became editor in chief of Funk & Wagnalls' magazine The Literary Digest.[16] The Digest polled its readers regarding the outcome of the 1936 presidential election, and put Alf Landon at 56%; in fact he got only 36% of the vote. AIPO predicted not only the correct result, but also the result of the Digest poll.[17] Funk had desired a wider poll with greater cross-checking, but the costs were prohibitive.[18] He had not questioned the poll's fundamentally flawed methodology, and derided George Gallup of AIPO as "our fine statistical friend".[19] Though Funk and the Digest were good-humored and self-deprecating about the embarrassment,[18] it hastened the Digest's decline. Funk and Cuddihy sold the Digest to Albert Shaw in June 1937 for $200,000.[20] Funk in turn got "a very good chuckle" when Gallup failed to predict the 1948 presidential election result.[21]

Publishing success[edit]

In late 1937, Funk started Your Life, a 128-page digest size "Popular Guide to Desirable Living". At 25¢ an issue, it contained articles such as "Be Glad Your Wife's Neurotic" and "Why Commit Suicide?". Circulation ran to more than 100,000, with spin-off titles Your Personality and Your Health.[22] The success of the magazine allowed him to start his own book publishing business in 1940, Wilfred Funk, Inc.[22]

Funk wrote numerous books on vocabulary and etymology aimed at a general audience.[2] He favored descriptive linguistics over linguistic prescription, stating "Let's throw the old textbooks out the window, along with the words correct and incorrect, because there's really no such thing as grammar, but only an ever-changing language pattern formed by everyday usage".[2] In 1942, he co-wrote 30 Days to a more Powerful Vocabulary with Norman Lewis; total sales to 1968 were claimed at 4.7m.[23] In 1945, he created the Reader's Digest feature "It Pays to Increase Your Word Power". His son Peter continued this from 1962 to 1998.[24]

Works[edit]

Published works:[25]

  • Manhattans, Bronxes, and Queens by (1931)
  • Light Lines and Dears (1932)
  • So You Think It's New (1937)
  • It Might Be Verse (1938)
  • When the Merry-go-round Breaks Down! (1938)
  • The Inn (1940)
  • If You Drink (1940)
  • Love, Life, and Laughter (1942)
  • 30 Days to a More Powerful Vocabulary (1942)
  • The Way to Vocabulary Power and Culture (1946)
  • Word Origins and Their Romantic Stories (1950)
  • Your Life : Today's Guide to Desirable Living Wilfred Funk et al. (1951)
  • 25 Magic Steps to Word Power (1958)
  • Six Weeks to Words of Power (1959)
  • Selected Verse of Wilfred Funk (1962)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aviation: Mr. Horsepower". Time. 28 May 1951. Retrieved 8 March 2010. Also in Fred Rentschler's class ('09): ... Publisher Wilfred J. Funk 
  2. ^ a b c d "Lexicography: Words That Sizzled". Time. 11 June 1965. 
  3. ^ "Parties Are Held At Southampton; Wilfred J. Funks Entertain to Mark 25th Anniversary Or Their Marriage". The New York Times. 28 July 1940. p. 23, Society News. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  4. ^ a b "The Press: Rhymester Funk". Time. 8 July 1929. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  5. ^ "Mrs. W.J. Funk Hold a Beach Supper at Cobble Court for House Guests.". The New York Times. 15 July 1933. p. 12, Society. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  6. ^ "Wilfred J. Funks give Beach Party; They Entertain for Daughter at Large Supper on Shore Near Home in Southampton". The New York Times. 28 July 1941. p. 10, Society. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  7. ^ "185 F.2d 127; 50-2 USTC P 9507; Funk v Commissioner of Internal Revenue; No. 10216.". Federal Cases. Public.Resource.Org. 16 November 1950. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  8. ^ Jenkins, McKay (2004). The Last Ridge: The Epic Story of America's First Mountain Soldiers and the Assault on Hitler's Europe. Random House. p. 94. ISBN 0-375-75951-4. 
  9. ^ "Milestones". Time. 11 June 1965. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  10. ^ "The Press: Digest Overhauled Monday". Time. 10 July 1933. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  11. ^ "People". Time. 10 February 1930. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  12. ^ "People". Time. 19 December 1932. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  13. ^ "Press: Doctor & Duke". Time. 15 January 1934. Retrieved 9 March 2010. 
  14. ^ "Ten Overworked Words". The Age (New London, Connecticut). 1 April 1937. p. 6. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  15. ^ "History: Honorary Degrees". Oglethorpe University. 
  16. ^ "To edit Literary Digest; Wilfred J. Funk Takes Post That Arthur S. Draper left.". The New York Times. 21 March 1936. p. 23 Books. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  17. ^ Ohmer, Susan (2006). "America Speaks". George Gallup in Hollywood. Columbia University Press. pp. 56–63. ISBN 0-231-12133-4. 
  18. ^ a b "Press: Editors' Afterthoughts". Time. 16 November 1936. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  19. ^ Moon, Nick (1999). Opinion polls: history, theory and practice. Political Analyses. Manchester University Press. p. 10. ISBN 0-7190-4223-2. 
  20. ^ "Press: Funk & Fawcett". Time. 18 October 1937. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  21. ^ "The Press: The Great Fiasco". Time. 15 November 1948. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  22. ^ a b "The Press: Funk's Amoeba". Time. 3 April 1939. 
  23. ^ "Books: Alltime Bestsellers". Time. 2 February 1968. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  24. ^ "Peter Funk". Our Board of Experts. ComFit online learning center. 
  25. ^ Works by or about Funk, Wilfred J.(Wilfred John) 1883-1965 in libraries (WorldCat catalog)