Wilfred Paling

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Not to be confused with his brother William Paling.
British Political Personalities 1936-1945 HU59767.jpg

Wilfred Paling (7 April 1883 - 17 April 1971) was a British Labour politician.[1][2]

He was born at Marehay, near Ripley, Derbyshire, one of eight children of a coalminer.[2] Paling left Ripley Elementary School at the age of 13, and entered casual employment with local plumbing and building companies. When the family moved to Huthwaite in Nottinghamshire he started work in New Hucknall Colliery, also attending night classes organised by the Workers Educational Association in politics, economics and trade union history. He subsequently won a scholarship to study mining at University College Nottingham. Returning to the Nottinghamshire Coalfield, he became an official in the local miners' federation and a member of the Independent Labour Party.[2]

In 1912 he left Nottinghamshire as his union and political activities meant that he could not find employment in the area. He moved to the West Riding of Yorkshire to work at Bullcroft Colliery near Doncaster. He was soon after elected to the committee of the Yorkshire Miners' Association, and in 1917 became colliery checkweighman.[1][2] He entered local politics in 1919 when he was elected to the West Riding County Council and to Bentley with Arksey Urban District Council.[1][2]

At the 1922 general election Paling was elected member of parliament (MP) for Doncaster, and was re-elected in 1923, 1924 and 1929.[1][2] Paling was a Junior Lord of the Treasury 1929-1931.[2] He was defeated at the 1931 general election, when the Labour Party lost many seats to candidates of the National Government.[2]

In 1933 he returned to the Commons when he was returned unopposed at a by-election at Wentworth.[2] He was re-elected at the general elections of 1935 and 1945.[1] He had the largest majority of any MP in the 1945 general election: 35,410.[2]

He joined the wartime coalition government as a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury, in 1940 and was Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Pensions from 1941–1945.[1][2] He was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1944.[1] In the labour Government formed after the war he was Minister of Pensions, from 1945 – 1947; and Postmaster-General from 1947 – 1950.[1][2]

The Wentworth constituency was abolished by the Representation of the People Act 1948 with effect from the 1950 general election. Paling was elected for the new seat of Dearne Valley, and was re-elected in 1955.[2] He retired from parliament at the 1959 general election.[1]

Paling married Elizabeth Hunt of Huthwaite, and they had two children. He died at his home in Scawthorpe, near Doncaster, in April 1971.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "PALING, Rt. Hon. Wilfred". Who Was Who. Oxford University Press. December 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Obituary: Mr Wilfred Paling. Miner's son who became Postmaster-General". The Times. 19 April 1971. p. 14. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Reginald Nicholson
Member of Parliament for Doncaster
1922–1931
Succeeded by
Hugh Molson
Preceded by
George Henry Hirst
Member of Parliament for Wentworth
1933–1950
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Dearne Valley
19501959
Succeeded by
Edwin Wainwright
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Tyron
Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Pensions
1941 – 1945
Succeeded by
William Sidney
Preceded by
Walter Womersley
Minister of Pensions
1945-1947
Succeeded by
John Burns Hynd
Preceded by
Earl of Listowel
Postmaster-General
1947-1950
Succeeded by
Ness Edwards