Charles Wilfrid Giles was educated at Emanuel School and Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, where he read history between 1919 and 1922. Initially he worked on the parliamentary staff of the Press Association before being appointed as secretary of the Institution of Municipal and County Engineers in 1928.
In July 1928 he assumed the surname "Scott-Giles".
He became a leading authority on heraldry, and wrote a number of books and articles on the subject. These included:
- The Romance of Heraldry (1929)
- Civic Heraldry of England and Wales (1933, 2nd edition 1953)
- Shakespeare's Heraldry (1950)
- Boutell's Heraldry (2nd revised edition) (1954)
- The siege of Caerlaverock rendered into rime (1960)
- Heraldry in Westminster Abbey (1961)
- Motley Heraldry (1962)
- Looking at Heraldry (1967)
He also wrote the standard history of his alma mater, Sidney Sussex College, published in 1951.
He prepared The Wimsey Family: A Fragmentary History Compiled from Correspondence With Dorothy L. Sayers (Gollancz, 1977). In another association with Sayers, Scott-Giles prepared the diagrams and maps illustrating Sayers' translation of Dante's Divine Comedy.
Scott-Giles was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire, and in 1957 became Fitzalan Pursuivant of Arms Extraordinary. In 1970 he was awarded the Julian Bickersteth Memorial Medal by the trustees and council of the Institute of Heraldic and Genealogical Studies.
- "Obituary: Mr C. W. Scott-Giles, Influential writer on heraldic matters". The Times. 12 March 1982. p. 14.
- "News in Brief". The Times. 27 July 1928. p. 11.
- The London Gazette: . 26 October 1928.
- Smith, Robert M (July 1950). "Review: Shakespeare's Heraldry". Shakespeare Quarterly (Folger Shakespeare Library) 1 (3): 1823–184. JSTOR 2866427.
- Dante Alighieri. The Comedy of Dante Alighieri the Florentine. Tr. Dorothy L. Sayers. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 3 vols: Hell (1949); Purgatory (1955); Paradise (1962).
- The London Gazette: . 30 August 1957.
- "Heraldic Award". The Times. 16 March 1970. p. 12.
- White Lion Society website
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