Wilfried Martens

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Wilfried Martens
Flickr - europeanpeoplesparty - CDU Congress Karlsruhe (9).jpg
President of the European People's Party
In office
1990 – 9 October 2013
Preceded by Jacques Santer
Succeeded by Joseph Daul
Prime Minister of Belgium
In office
17 December 1981 – 7 March 1992
Monarch Baudouin
Preceded by Mark Eyskens
Succeeded by Jean-Luc Dehaene
In office
3 April 1979 – 31 March 1981
Monarch Baudouin
Preceded by Paul Vanden Boeynants
Succeeded by Mark Eyskens
Leader of the European People's Party-European Democrats
In office
20 July 1994 – 20 July 1999
Preceded by Leo Tindemans
Succeeded by Hans-Gert Pöttering
Personal details
Born Wilfried Achiel Emma Martens
(1936-04-19)19 April 1936
Sleidinge, Belgium
Died 9 October 2013(2013-10-09) (aged 77)
Lokeren, Belgium
Political party Christian Democratic and Flemish
Spouse(s) Lieve Verschroeven (1962–Div. 1997)
Ilse Schouteden (1998–Div. 2007)
Miet Smet (2008–2013, his death)
Children 5
Alma mater Catholic University of Leuven
Harvard University
Religion Roman Catholicism
Website Official website

Wilfried Achiel Emma Martens (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈβ̞ɪl̪ fɾit̪ ˈmɑɾt̪ə(n̪)s̪] ( ); 19 April 1936 – 9 October 2013) was a Belgian politician. He was born in Sleidinge (East Flanders). During his political career, Martens served as the Prime Minister of Belgium from 3 April 1979 to 6 April 1981 and 17 December 1981 to 7 March 1992.

Political career[edit]

Martens was a Chair of the Belgian Christian People's Party (now renamed Christian Democratic and Flemish party, CD&V) from 1972 to 1979, sitting as a Deputy in the Belgian Chamber of Representatives (federal parliament) from 1974 to 1991, and serving as a Senator from 1991 to 1994.

Wilfried Martens served as Prime Minister in nine coalition governments (Martens I-IX) from 3 April 1979 to 6 April 1981 and 17 December 1981 to 7 March 1992. His period in office was dominated by the economic crisis of the 1980s and the state reforms of 1980 and 1988 which set Belgium on a path to federalism.

He co-founded the European People's Party (EPP) in 1976 and has been EPP President since 1992.

From 1993 he was President of the European Union of Christian Democrats (EUCD), until its merger with the EPP in 1996. Martens also negotiated with Finnish conservative politician Sauli Niinistö the merger of the European Democrat Union (EDU) into the EPP (formally concluded in 2002). The successful fusion of all centre-right European organisations into the EPP – currently the largest transnational European political party with 75 member-parties from 40 countries – is widely recognised as an important achievement of his European political legacy.

From 1994 to 1998, he was a Member of the European Parliament, chairing the EPP Group.

From October 2000 to November 2001 he was also the President of the Christian Democrat International (CDI).

He re-appeared on the Belgian political stage on 22 December 2008 to help in the 2007–2011 Belgian political crisis.

Martens held a doctorate in law, a degree in notarial studies, as well as a baccalaureate in Thomistic philosophy from the Catholic University of Louvain. He also studied international political science at Harvard University. He has practised law at the Ghent Court of Appeal.

Among numerous national and international distinctions, he was honoured in 1998 with the Charles V Prize for his contribution to European Union.

Private life[edit]

Martens had five children: two from his first marriage with Lieve Verschroeven (Kris and Anne) and three with Ilse Schouteden (Sarah, Sophie and Simon). After the birth of their twins in 1997 they married on 13 November 1998. Ilse Schouteden has a son from her previous marriage. In 2007 he divorced his second wife. On 27 September 2008 he married Miet Smet, a former Belgian minister. It was his third marriage and her first. After the death of his first wife, Martens was able to celebrate the marriage to Miet Smet in the Catholic Church, on 27 April 2013.

Death and tributes[edit]

Wilfried Martens (center) with Jean-Luc Dehaene (left) at a European People's Party (EPP) meeting in 2005

Martens died of cancer on 9 October 2013, at his home in Lokeren; he was 77.[1][2] Elio Di Rupo, the current Belgian prime minister, described him as a "true statesman and one of the fathers of federal Belgium".[2] Martin Schulz, president of the European Parliament, paid tribute to him as a "statesman of Belgium, Europe and an outstanding leader of European Parliament".[2] Jerzy Buzek, EPP MEP and former prime minister of Poland, described him as "irreplaceable".[2]

The EPP think tank Centre for European Studies has been renamed after him, now being the "Wilfred Martens Centre for European Studies", a decision taken during the EPP Congress in Dublin held on on 9 March 2014.[3]

Honours[edit]

Foreign honours[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Oud-premier Wilfried Martens is overleden". De Redactie. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Belgian statesman Wilfried Martens dies aged 77". BBC News. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  3. ^ "Centre for European Studies renamed in honour of its founder Wilfried Martens". 10 March 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2014. 
  4. ^ "Martens, Wilfried". Falkadb.forseti.is. 1979-10-16. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  5. ^ "Presidenza della Repubblica". Quirinale.it. 1986-02-20. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  6. ^ "CIDADÃOS ESTRANGEIROS AGRACIADOS COM ORDENS PORTUGUESAS - Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas". Ordens.presidencia.pt. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Paul Vanden Boeynants
Prime Minister of Belgium
1979–1981
Succeeded by
Mark Eyskens
Preceded by
Mark Eyskens
Prime Minister of Belgium
1981–1992
Succeeded by
Jean-Luc Dehaene
Party political offices
Preceded by
Robert Vandekerckhove
President of the Christian People's Party (CVP)
1972–1979
Succeeded by
Leo Tindemans
Preceded by
Jacques Santer
President of the European People's Party
1992–2013
Succeeded by
Joseph Daul
Preceded by
Leo Tindemans
Leader of the European People's Party-European Democrats
1994–1999
Succeeded by
Hans-Gert Pöttering