Wilhelm von Mirbach

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Wilhelm von Mirbach-Harff
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2007-0327-504, Graf Wilhelm von Mirbach-Harff.jpg
Wilhelm von Mirbach
German Ambassador to Russia
In office
April 1918 – July 1918
Personal details
Born (1871-07-02)July 2, 1871
Bad Ischl, Austria
Died July 6, 1918(1918-07-06) (aged 47)
Moscow, Russia

Wilhelm Graf von Mirbach-Harff (2 July 1871 – 6 July 1918) was a German diplomat.


Mirbach was born in Bad Ischl in Upper Austria. He participated in the Russian-German negotiations in Brest-Litovsk from December 1917 to March 1918. He was appointed German ambassador to Russia in April 1918.

Mirbach was assassinated by Yakov Grigorevich Blumkin at the request of the Central Committee of the Left Socialist-Revolutionaries, who tried to incite a war between Russia and Germany. Blumkin entered Mirbach's residence in Moscow using forged papers and shot his victim at point blank range. Mirbach's assassination signaled the beginning of the revolt of the Left Socialist-Revolutionaries in Moscow in 1918.

Mirbach was succeeded as German ambassador to Russia by Karl Helfferich.

Coincidentally, a later relative, Andreas von Mirbach, would be murdered by the Red Army Fraction at the West German Embassy siege in Stockholm in 1975.


Regarding personal names: Graf is a title, translated as Count, not a first or middle name. The female form is Gräfin.