Wilhelm Traugott Krug
Wilhelm Traugott Krug (22 June 1770 – 12 January 1842) was a German philosopher and writer.
From 1801 to 1804 he was professor of philosophy at Frankfurt (Oder), after which he succeeded Immanuel Kant in the chair of logic and metaphysics at the University of Königsberg. From 1809 till his death he was professor of philosophy at the University of Leipzig. He fought in the War of Liberation (1813-14) as captain of mounted chasseurs.
In philosophy his method was psychological; he attempted to explain the Ego by examining the nature of its reflection upon the facts of consciousness. Being is known to us only through its presentation in consciousness; consciousness only in its relation to Being. Both Being and Consciousness, however, are immediately known to us, as also the relation existing between them. By this Transcendental Synthesis he proposed to reconcile Realism and Idealism, and to destroy the traditional difficulty between transcendental, or pure, thought and things in themselves.
Krug challenged Hegel to deduce his quill or pen from German Idealism's Philosophy of Nature. In so doing, he challenged the thinking that particular, perceptually real things could be logically known from general concepts. As such, this was also a rejection of the Ontological Proof of God's existence and also Hegel's Absolute idealism, with its Absolute Spirit. Both claimed that something exists, or has being, because it is a thought in someone's mind.
He was a prolific writer on a great variety of subjects; he excelled as a popularizer rather than as an original thinker. His work stimulated freedom of thought in religion and politics. Beiträge zur Geschichte der Philos. des XIX. Jahrh. (1835-1837) contained criticisms of Hegel and Schelling.
- Briefe über den neuesten Idealismus (1801)
- Versuch über die Principien der philosophischen Erkenntniss (1801)
- Fundamentalphilosophie (1803)
- System der theoretischen Philosophie (1806-1810)
- System der praktischen Philosophie (1817-1819)
- Handbuch der Philosophie (1820; 3rd ed., 1828)
- Logik oder Denklehre (1827)
- Geschichte der Philos. alter Zeit (1815; 2nd ed., 1825)
- Allgemeines Handwörterbuch der philosophischen Wissenschaften (1827-1834; 2nd ed., 1832-1838)
- Universal-philosophische Vorlesungen für Gebildete beiderei Geschlechts
- Beiträge zur Geschichte der Philos. des XIX. Jahrh. (1835-1837)
- Meine Lebensreise (Leipzig, 2nd ed.,1840), autobiography
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Krug, Wilhelm Traugott". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
- "Krug, Wilhelm Traugott". New International Encyclopedia. 1905.