Wilhelm von Mirbach
|Wilhelm von Mirbach-Harff|
|Wilhelm von Mirbach|
|German Ambassador to Russia|
April 1918 – July 1918
July 2, 1871|
Bad Ischl, Austria
|Died||July 6, 1918
Mirbach was born in Bad Ischl in Upper Austria. Born in a Catholic Rhenan aristocratic family, he is a scion of Johann Wilhelm von Mirbach-Harff (de), founder of the Rhineland (de) Knight academy. His parents are Ernst Graf von Mirbach and his wife Wilhelmine von Thun-Hohenstein (1851–1929).
From 1908 to 1911, Mirbach serves as embassy clerk in Saint Petersburg, and then as political councillor for the German military command in Bucharest. In 1915 he becomes the German ambassador in Greece, before being expelled from Athens in December 1916 when the Entente-leaning government of Eleftherios Venizelos takes power.
Mirbach was assassinated by Yakov Grigorevich Blumkin at the request of the Central Committee of the Left Socialist-Revolutionaries, who tried to incite a war between Russia and Germany. Blumkin entered Mirbach's residence in Moscow using forged papers and shot his victim at point blank range. Mirbach's assassination signaled the beginning of the revolt of the Left Socialist-Revolutionaries in Moscow in 1918.
Mirbach was succeeded as German ambassador to Russia by Karl Helfferich.
Notes and references
- "L'expulsion du comte de Mirbach, ministre d'Allemagne, à Athènes" [The expulsion of the count of Mirbach, minister of Germany, in Athens]. Le Miroir (in French) (160). 17 December 1916. Retrieved 2015-01-28.
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