Willacy County, Texas

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Willacy County, Texas
Willacy courthouse.jpg
The Willacy County Courthouse in Raymondville
Map of Texas highlighting Willacy County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1911
Named for John G. Willacy
Seat Raymondville
Largest city Raymondville
Area
 • Total 784 sq mi (2,031 km2)
 • Land 591 sq mi (1,531 km2)
 • Water 194 sq mi (502 km2), 24.7%
Population
 • (2010) 22,134
 • Density 34/sq mi (13/km²)
Congressional district 34th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Willacy County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 22,134.[1] Its county seat is Raymondville.[2]

Willacy County comprises the Raymondville, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the BrownsvilleHarlingen–Raymondville, TX Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Willacy County was formed in 1911 from parts of Cameron and Hidalgo counties and originally included what is now Kenedy County; it was named for state senator John G. Willacy. Kenedy was split from Willacy in 1921, when the long-settled ranchers of the northern (Kenedy) part of the county sought to separate from the newly arrived farmers of the southern part.

The Bermuda onion was introduced to Willacy County in 1912. It grew well and slowly displaced ranchland in the southern part of the county, becoming the most important crop. For many years the town of Raymondville held an annual Onion Festival, using the tag line, "The Breath of a Nation." In 1940, the first oil wells were sunk in the county's Willamar Oil Field; today oil production is a major part of the local economy, although increasingly eclipsed by natural gas. Also in the 1940s, sorghum was introduced to the county, gradually displacing cotton and other crops. Cattle ranching remains a substantial economic activity as well.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 784 square miles (2,030 km2), of which 591 square miles (1,530 km2) is land and 194 square miles (500 km2) (24.7%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 10,499
1940 13,230 26.0%
1950 20,920 58.1%
1960 20,084 −4.0%
1970 15,570 −22.5%
1980 17,495 12.4%
1990 17,705 1.2%
2000 20,082 13.4%
2010 22,134 10.2%
Est. 2012 22,058 −0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1850-2010[5]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,134 people residing in the county. 85.8% were White, 2.1% Black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 9.3% of some other race and 1.8% of two or more races. 87.2% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 20,082 people, 5,584 households, and 4,584 families residing in the county. The population density was 34 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 6,727 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.37% White, 2.19% Black or African American, 0.50% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 24.46% from other races, and 2.34% from two or more races. 85.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,584 households out of which 42.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.10% were married couples living together, 16.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.90% were non-families. 16.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.40 and the average family size was 3.85.

In the county, the population was spread out with 31.60% under the age of 18, 11.90% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 18.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 105.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $22,114, and the median income for a family was $25,076. Males had a median income of $19,706 versus $15,514 for females. The per capita income for the county was $9,421. About 29.20% of families and 33.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.00% of those under age 18 and 29.90% of those age 65 or over. The county's per-capita income makes it one of the poorest counties in the United States.

Historic sites[edit]

Willacy County has an entry on the National Register of Historic Places:

Education[edit]

School districts that serve Willacy County include:

In addition, residents are allowed to apply for magnet schools operated by the South Texas Independent School District.

Media[edit]

Willacy Detention Center[edit]

Willacy Detention Center is located just east of Raymondville, on the east side of Route 77. It is operated by The U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement.[7] The center is a federal holding facility for illegal immigrants.[8]

Recent controversy[edit]

The elected officials of the tiny county, recently, have been entangled in a series of political controversies. Amongst other things, the District Attorney has sought the removal of the local sheriff, county clerk, and district clerk. Meanwhile, the Sheriff and the two clerks have petitioned the district court for the removal of the District Attorney. More recently, the District Attorney has gained even more attention for his actions concerning the dismissal of a Capital Murder charge against a confessed assailant because of, he claimed, an appropriate time to prepare. However, he found time to file, the very next day, a petition for the removal of the County Judge.

On November 18, 2008 a Willacy County grand jury indicted a number of political figures, including Vice President Dick Cheney and former Attorney General Alberto Gonzales.

Indictments have not yet been made public and a district judge still has to sign the indictments. Two state district judges were also indicted along with State Senator Eddie Lucio, Jr.[9]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated areas[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved December 29, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  7. ^ "Willacy Detention Facility." U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  8. ^ [1], Raymondville: Inside the Largest Immigration Prison Camp in the US
  9. ^ Sherman, Christopher. :State senator wants broad indictments dismissed," The Houston Chronicle. Nov 19, 2008.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°29′N 97°36′W / 26.49°N 97.60°W / 26.49; -97.60