Willamette University College of Medicine

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Willamette University College of Medicine
Plaque dedicated to the school's alumni at Willamette.
Established 1867
Type Defunct as of 1913
Location Salem, Oregon, USA
Fate Merged with University of Oregon, which later became OHSU

Willamette University College of Medicine is a former school of medicine that was part of Willamette University. Founded in 1867 as the first medical school in Oregon, the school relocated between Portland and the main university campus in Salem several times. Eventually the school was merged with the University of Oregon’s medical school in Portland in 1913. That school later became Oregon Health & Science University.

History[edit]

In 1867, the College of Medicine was officially organized at Willamette.[1] The school opened with 24 students led by Dr. Horace Carpenter.[2] For two years prior the school had been teaching medicine.[1] University president Joseph H. Wythe was one of the people credited with starting the school, but left due to internal faculty strife.[3] Wythe taught several classes as well, including hygiene and microscopy at the medical school.[4] Wythe had attended Philadelphia College of Medicine and graduated in 1850 before serving in the Civil War.[3] In 1874, the school had 14 students and 11 professors.[5] Women were attending the school of medicine by 1877.[6] At this time the department was located in Waller Hall, then named University Hall.[4]

In 1880 the College of Medicine moved to Portland, but returned to the Salem campus in 1895 in a dispute over privileges at the hospital.[4] The school returned to Waller Hall, and also used other buildings in the area.[4] Then in 1906 the school moved into a new building on the northwest section of the campus.[4] By 1909 the school had an enrollment of 29 and a staff of 16.[7] At that time entering students were not required to have even completed high school.[7]

Merger[edit]

On September 1, 1913, the College of Medicine officially merged with the University of Oregon’s medical school.[1] Willamette’s faculty retired and the 40 students transferred to Oregon’s medical campus.[1] At that time the University of Oregon’s school was located in northwest Portland, Oregon on the campus of Good Samaritan Hospital.[1] In 1919 the school would re-locate to Marquam Hill in southwest Portland where the school still stands as OHSU.[1]

Alumni and faculty[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Horner, John B. (1921). Oregon: Her History, Her Great Men, Her Literature. J.K. Gill Company: Portland, OR. 
  2. ^ 1840-1990 Keepsake Edition: Willamette University. Statesman Journal, October 26, 1990.
  3. ^ a b Faculty Affairs at Medical College of the Pacific. Lane Medical Library. Retrieved on November 1, 2012.
  4. ^ a b c d e Willamette University. Salem Online History. Retrieved on January 27, 2008.
  5. ^ Library of Universal Knowledge. Vol. 11. American Book Exchange. 1881. p. 49. 
  6. ^ History. Willamette University. Retrieved on January 27, 2008.
  7. ^ a b Flexner, Abraham (1910). Medical Education in the United States and Canada: : a Report to the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. New York: Merrymount Press. p. 292. 
  8. ^ a b c Hines, Gustavus. Oregon and Its Institutions; Comprising a Full History of the Willamette University. Carlton & Porter, 1868.
  9. ^ Lanman, Charles. 1876. Biographical annals of the civil government of the United States, during its first century. From original and official sources. Washington: J. Anglim. p. 206.
  10. ^ Salem Pioneer Cemetery Data: Last Names -- Mo to Mun. Salem Pioneer Cemetery. Retrieved on January 27, 2008.
  11. ^ Kincaid, Harrison Rittenhouse (1899). "Superintendents of Public Instruction". Political and Official History and Register of Oregon (State of Oregon): 217–218. 
  12. ^ Historic Figures. Salem Online History. Retrieved on January 27, 2008.

External links[edit]