||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Dutch Wikipedia. (January 2012)|
Cor van Hout and Holleeder (right) in the Palace of Justice in Amsterdam
|Born||Willem Frederik Holleeder
29 May 1958
|1983: Heineken kidnapping
2006: Extortion, assault
|1983: 11 years imprisonment
2007: 9 years imprisonment
|Criminal status||In custody awaiting trial|
Willem Frederik Holleeder (born 29 May 1958) is a Dutch criminal. In 2007 he was sentenced to nine years in prison for several counts of extortion, including the extortion of Willem Endstra, who was murdered in 2004 after falling-out with Holleeder. He served his sentence in Nieuw Vosseveld and was released on 27 January 2012. In 1983, Holleeder was sentenced to eleven years imprisonment for his involvement in the kidnapping of Heineken president Freddy Heineken, for €16 million (approximately $19.5 million) ransom.
Born in 1958 in Amsterdam, Holleeder was the son of an employee at the Heineken breweries who lost his job because of alcoholism. As a teenager, he, along with his classmate Cor van Hout were part of a gang that worked for landlords in evicting squatters, and may have been involved in several robberies. Cor van Hout was later to become his brother-in-law.
In 1983, their relatively unknown gang abducted the Heineken heir Freddy Heineken (who had purchased back the family ownership of the brewery), along with his chauffeur. Ultimately, their demand for €16 million (approximately $19.5 million) was met by the family, although the police were against it. After Freddy Heineken's release, the kidnappers—Cor van Hout, Willem Holleeder, Jan Boelaard, Frans Meijer, and Martin Erkamps—were all eventually traced and served prison sentences. During this period, Holleeder met many other gangsters, including John Mieremet, who was later accused of ordering the murder of Holleeder's brother-in-law and co-criminal Cor van Hout.
After serving the Heineken sentence, Holleeder emerged as a high-profile criminal leader. Several million of the Heineken ransom was never traced, and may have been part of his initial kitty with which he and Cor van Hout set up an extortion empire; there are said to be up to 24 people in his crime ring.
Initially, he was in a business relationship with real estate businessman Willem Endstra, possibly involving money laundering. After Cor van Hout was killed in 2003, Holleeder fell out with Endstra. Endstra secretly testified to the police about Holleeder, but was shot dead near his office in 2004. It is suspected that Holleeder, along with his partner-in-crime Dino S., ordered the murder of both Willem Endstra and John Mieremet, who was shot in Thailand on 2 November 2005. Holleeder's name keeps turning up in this connection although three suspects in the Endstra murder, Ali N. and C. Özgür of Alkmaar and Cleon D. from Almere have been released. According to Endstra, Holleeder was involved in 25 murders, including that of Cor van Hout.
The Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf reported on 16 July 2006, that Holleeder and Cor van Hout had planned to kidnap Prince Bernhard instead of Freddy Heineken in the 1980s. Thomas van der Bijl, who was murdered in his bar in Amsterdam in April 2006, made these allegations in a deposition before the Dutch national police.
2007 trial and sentencing
Holleeder's 2006 trial was dubbed the Trial of the Century. His lawyer, Bram Moszkowicz, argued that media pronunciations on Holleeder as one of the "topcriminelen" had prejudiced the case against him. However, Moszkowicz was forced to resign after media allegations of conflict of interest, since he had also been the lawyer for Willem Endstra.
Among the witnesses in the trial was lawyer Bram Zeegers, who testified that Holleeder had been extorting millions of euros from Endstra between 2000 and 2004. A week after the testimony, Zeegers was found dead of drug overdose.
In late 2007, Holleeder underwent a heart valve surgery; initially reports of his failing health were thought to be a hoax, but present medical opinion appears to suggest that he is indeed in poor health and may not survive the present sentence.
While he was under detention in 2008, he was also arrested for alleged involvement in the murder of Yugoslav drugs dealer Serge Miranovic in 2006.
Holleeder was released from De Schie prison in Rotterdam on 27 January 2012, after serving two-thirds of his nine-year term. He had been due to be released on 31 January but was let out early to avoid publicity.
In May 2013 Holleeder was arrested in a large operation involving 450 police and army personnel. He is suspected of extortion. The victim of the alleged extortion was Theo Huisman who is the ex-president of the Amsterdam chapter of the Hells Angels Holland (nl). On June 12, 2013 Holleeder was released from prison but remains a suspect in the case.
- "Appeals court confirms nine years for notorious criminal - archief". Nrc.nl. 2012-01-01. Retrieved 2014-04-26.
- "Negen jaar cel voor Holleeder (video) | nu.nl/algemeen | Het laatste nieuws het eerst op". Nu.nl. Retrieved 2014-04-26.
- "Gangster John Mieremet killed in Thailand < Dutch news | Expatica The Netherlands". Expatica.com. Retrieved 2014-04-26.
- "Netherlands' most notorious criminal stands trial again - archief". Nrc.nl. Retrieved 2014-04-26.
- De oorlog in de Amsterdamse onderwereld by Bart Middelburg and Paul Vugts
- "Connections between crime world killings". Expatica.com. Retrieved 2014-04-26.
- [dead link]
- "Holleeder wilde Prins ontvoeren" (in Dutch). Telegraaf.nl.
- [dead link]
- ""Holleeder has 2 years to live" < Dutch news | Expatica The Netherlands". Expatica.com. Retrieved 2014-04-26.
- "Convicted Amsterdam blackmailer loses appeal < Dutch news | Expatica The Netherlands". Expatica.com. Retrieved 2014-04-26.
- "BBC News - Dutch crime boss Willem Holleeder freed". Bbc.co.uk. 2012-01-27. Retrieved 2014-04-26.
- "Dutch Heineken kidnapper Willem 'The Nose' Holleeder arrested for extortion". News.com.au. 2013-05-28. Retrieved 2014-04-26.
- "Holleeder perste 'president' Hells Angels af - HOLLEEDER - PAROOL". Parool.nl. Retrieved 2014-04-26.
- Bewerkt door: Redactie 12-7-13 - 10:01 bron: ANP. "Willem Holleeder weer op vrije voeten". AD.nl. Retrieved 2014-04-26.