William à Beckett
Sir William à Beckett (28 July 1806 – 27 June 1869) was a British barrister and the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Victoria.
Born in London, he was the eldest son of William à Beckett, also a solicitor. His younger brothers were Gilbert Abbott à Beckett, one of the original staff of Punch magazine and the author of 'Comic History of England', and Thomas Turner à Beckett (13 September 1808-1 July 1892). He was educated at Westminster School, publishing a youthful volume of verse, The Siege of Dumbarton Castle, in 1824. However with his poetry he could not earn enough money to support his family, and so he decided to become a barrister. In 1829 he was called to the bar by Lincoln's Inn.
In 1837, à Beckett migrated to New South Wales and edited the 'Literary News', a short-lived newspaper. He was appointed acting solicitor-general for the colony in March 1841, and solicitor-general in March 1843. In July 1844 he became an acting judge, and was made a full puisne judge.
In January 1846, he was transferred to the Court of the Resident Judge, the branch of the Supreme Court of New South Wales in Melbourne and sat as primary judge in equity. Following his appointment, he was created a knight bachelor. When in January 1852 the separate colony of Victoria was proclaimed he became its first Chief Justice.
He returned to Melbourne in December 1854 in time to participate in the Eureka Stockade trials. Although often accused of the inflammatory comments at the trial of the arsonists of the Eureka Hotel, it was the actually the Acting Chief Justice Redmond Barry who sparked the Eureka uprising. À Beckett retired as Chief Justice in 1857 due to poor health, and in 1863 he returned to England.
Politically conservative, à Beckett was strongly opposed to the social disruption caused by the Victorian Gold Rush and under the pseudonym 'Colonus' espoused his views in an influential pamphlet somewhat cumbersomely entitled Does the Discovery of Gold in Victoria Viewed in Relation to its Moral and Social Effects as Hitherto Developed Deserve to be Considered a National Blessing or a National Curse? late in 1852. He presided over a number of important trials including the robbers of gold from the barque Nelson in Hobson's Bay in 1852, but growing disillusion with the state of society in Victoria saw him leave for England with his family in February 1853.
He wrote a number of books, including several volumes of his poetry, and a manual for magistrates of the Court of Petty Sessions, the predecessor of the Magistrates Court of Victoria.
À Beckett married firstly Emily Hayley in 1832. She died on 1 June 1841 and he married secondly Matilda Hayley, her sister, in 1849. They had 13 children, probably some from Emily. À Beckett died in London on 27 June 1869 and was buried in West Norwood Cemetery. He was survived by four sons, of whom William (1833-1901) married Emma Mills (1838-1906), the daughter of a convict who later founded a brewery in Melbourne. Their daughter Emma Minnie Boyd, a successful painter, married another painter Arthur Merric Boyd, to found the artistic Boyd dynasty. His nephew Thomas à Beckett, son of his brother Thomas, was also a puisne judge in Australia.
- Dod, Robert P. (1860). The Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Whitaker and Co. p. 80.
- E. G. Coppel, 'à Beckett, Sir William (1806 - 1869)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 3, MUP, 1969, pp 10–11. accessed 2008-01-13
- Serle, Percival (1949). "à Beckett, Sir William". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.
- Bennett, J. M., Sir William à Beckett: First Chief Justice of Victoria, 1852-57, Sydney, The Federation Press, 2001, ISBN 1-86287-409-3
- Peter Balmford "A'Beckett, Sir William (1806–1869)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press 2004, http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/28, accessed 24 November 2006 (subscription required)
- Australian Encyclopædia (1912 - third edition revised 1927) published by Angus & Robertson Limited, 89 Castlereagh Street, Sydney New South Wales (page 2)
- Mennell, Philip (1892). " a'Beckett, Sir William". The Dictionary of Australasian Biography. London: Hutchinson & Co. Wikisource
- Review of biography
- Supreme Court of Victoria Website
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1852 – 1857
William Foster Stawell