February 21, 1951 |
|Awards||Presidential Award for Sustainable Development, National Design Award, Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award|
|Practice||McDonough Advisors, William McDonough + Partners, McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry|
|Buildings||NASA Sustainability Base, 901 Cherry (for Gap Inc., now home to YouTube), Adam Joseph Lewis Center at Oberlin College, Ford Motor Company's River Rouge Plant|
William Andrews McDonough is an American designer, advisor, author, and thought leader. McDonough is founding principal of William McDonough + Partners, co-founder of McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry (MBDC) with German chemist Michael Braungart as well as co-author of Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things and The Upcycle: Beyond Sustainability—Designing for Abundance, also with Braungart. McDonough's career is focused creating a beneficial footprint. He espouses a message that we can design materials, systems, companies, products, buildings, and communities that continuously improve over time.
Stanford University Libraries will be host to the archives of McDonough. This will be a first of its kind real-time "Living Archive" that is a collaboration between the Library and the subject. The New York Times' David Streitfeld's article, "The Era of Deep Archiving Begins," notes the significance of the effort.
McDonough was born in Tokyo, the son of an American Seagram's executive, and trained at Dartmouth College and Yale University. In 1981 McDonough founded his architectural practice, and his first major commission was the 1984 Environmental Defense Fund Headquarters. The EDF's requirement of good indoor air quality in the structure exposed McDonough to the need for sustainable development.
McDonough's architecture practice, William McDonough + Partners operates studios in Charlottesville, Virginia, and San Francisco, California. McDonough moved his practice from New York City to Charlottesville in 1994 when he was appointed as the Dean of the School of Architecture at the University of Virginia. He served as Dean until 1999 and has since served as a professor of business administration and an alumni research professor. He is also co-founder of McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry (MBDC), based in Charlottesville, Virginia. He is chairman of McDonough Advisors, which provides high-level consulting to companies, organizations, and governments around the world.
A number of large corporate projects for The Gap, Nike, and Herman Miller, led to his commission for a 20-year, US$2 billion environmental re-engineering of the Ford Motor Company's legendary River Rouge Plant in Dearborn, Michigan. The project included rolling out the world's largest "living roof" in October 2002. The roof of the 1.1 million square foot (100,000 m²) Dearborn truck assembly plant was covered with more than 10 acres (40,000 m²) of sedum, a low-growing ground cover.
In 1996 McDonough became the first and only individual recipient of the Presidential Award for Sustainable Development. In 1999 Time called him "Hero for the Planet". In 2002 he wrote (with Michael Braungart) Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things. In 2004 he received a National Design Award for environmental design from the Smithsonian Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum. He is also a Senior Fellow of the Design Futures Council.
William McDonough and his architecture and urban design firm, William McDonough + Partners, ground their work in Cradle to Cradle Design, a philosophy developed by McDonough and German chemist Dr. Michael Braungart in their 2002 book, Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things. The goal is to frame design as "a beneficial, regenerative force—one that seeks to create ecological footprints to delight in, not lament."
The design of the firm is often categorized as green architecture or sustainable architecture. The concept, closely linked with green building, is not known for a distinctive visual style, but for minimizing the negative environmental impact of a building. McDonough, however, is often quoted as saying the aspiration is to design something like a tree, something that creates good, like oxygen, rather than minimizing negative impact. McDonough's designs use solar and other passive energy efficiency techniques, as illustrated by the William McDonough + Partners' Flow House designed for the Make It Right Foundation New Orleans. The design incorporates deep overhangs, multiple connections with exterior areas allowing for lots of daylight and natural ventilation, roof mounted PV panels, water cisterns to harvest rainwater runoff and rain gardens to absorb any storm runoff.
In 1984, McDonough and his colleagues designed the Environmental Defense Fund office in New York City. Since then, William McDonough + Partners has been responsible for other milestones in the movement, such as 901 Cherry Ave in San Bruno, California, completed in 1997 for Gap, Inc.; it is now home to Google's YouTube. The building features a 70,000-square-foot (6,500 m2) green roof that helps to prevent water runoff, insulates the building from noise and provides a habitat for several species, and received the BusinessWeek/Architectural Record Design Award in 1998. The Bernheim Arboretum Visitor Center for the Bernheim Arboretum and Research Forest, in Clermont, Kentucky, completed in 2005, blurs the line between outdoor and indoor space. This project, like others designed by William McDonough + Partners, draws heavily on the biophilia hypothesis - the study of the human desire and physiological need for contact with nature. The building was awarded the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Platinum rating.
William McDonough co-founded the Make It Right Foundation New Orleans with Brad Pitt. This is an effort to rebuild the Lower Ninth Ward in New Orleans. William McDonough + Partners was an overall adviser to the Make It Right project, bringing the Cradle to Cradle philosophy into designs by all firms involved with advising on standards by the firm.
Dedicated in 2012, NASA Ames Research Center's Sustainability Base, is designed to harvest more energy than it needs to operate and to cleanse its own water. It was designed to meet a conventional budget and tight timeline, be a test bed for NASA technologies, and it exceeds LEED Platinum metrics. The facility is designed to "learn"—and continuously improve—over time.
Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute
On May 20, 2010 at Google Corporate Headquarters, the Googleplex, McDonough announced the launch of the Green Products Innovation Institute, which was later renamed the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute. The Institute builds on the 2008 California state law that establishes the nation’s first green chemistry program. The non-profit public/private Institute has received the Cradle to Cradle product certification program on an exclusive, worldwide basis to accelerate the transition to safe material use and increased material reutilization. Executives from Google, Walmart, YouTube, Shaw Inc. and Herman Miller Inc. joined McDonough for the announcement.
In May 2008, Vanity Fair magazine offered an extensive profile of McDonough, which included a close look at several of his clients and projects, in the piece "Industrial Revolution, Take Two." Similar profiles about McDonough and his work have been published by the San Francisco Chronicle, Discover Magazine, and Time Magazine.
In 2013, Stanford University Libraries began a William McDonough “Living Archive.”
- Ford River Rouge Complex
- Adam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies
- 901 Cherry Office Building in San Bruno, California the current headquarters of YouTube
- Nike European Headquarters
- Bernheim Arboretum Visitor's Center located at the Bernheim Arboretum and Research Forest in Clermont, Kentucky
- NASA Sustainability Base
- Fuller Theological Seminary Library
- Braungart, Michael; & McDonough, William (2002). Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things. North Point Press. ISBN 0-86547-587-3
- Braungart, Michael; & McDonough, William (2013). The Upcycle: Beyond Sustainability - Designing for Abundance. North Point Press. ISBN 9780865477483
- "William McDonough On Cradle-To-Cradle Design". Forbes (Forbes). 2010-08-04. Retrieved 2010-08-16. "William (Bill) McDonough is perhaps best known for redesigning Ford Motor's River Rouge plant with a vast green grass roof. But McDonough has morphed from pure architect to designer of everything."
- "The Era of Deep Archiving Begins". Retrieved 2013-10-14.
- Lacayo, Richard. "William McDonough and Michael Braungart". Time. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
- "William McDonough: The 'Utopian' Architect". National Press Club (National Public Radio). 2002-04-24. Retrieved 2008-10-20. "Founded in 1981, the team of some 40 architects practices ecologically, socially and economically "intelligent" architecture and planning in the United States and abroad."
- "William McDonough: The Original Green Man". BusinessWeek (McGraw-Hill Companies Inc.). 2007-03-27. Retrieved 2009-11-11. "Virginia's dean of green architecture talks about eco-efficiency, a multi-disciplinary approach, and the need for a new platform of thought."
- Ken Shulman (2001-08-01). "Think Green". Metropolis Magazine. "But the project had a catch: the EDF told McDonough it would sue him if any of its employees took sick due to poor air quality or noxious substances in the construction. When McDonough asked his suppliers if they could provide him with a list of chemicals contained in their products, he was told it was proprietary information."
- "Contact Information". William McDonough + Partners. Retrieved 2009-11-11. "William McDonough + Partners maintains studios in Charlottesville, Virginia; San Francisco, California."
- Hales, Linda (2005-08-27). "An Environmental Problem Slipping Through the Quacks". Washington Post (The Washington Post Company). Retrieved 2008-10-20. "In 1994 he moved the firm, William McDonough + Partners, to Charlottesville to become dean of architecture at the University of Virginia."
- "William McDonough to Step Down as Architecture Dean". UVA. Retrieved 18 November 2013.
- "William McDonough". American Program Bureau. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
- Haven, Cynthia. "Stanford Libraries acquire the archives of leading environmentalist William McDonough". Stanford. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
- "Who is involved?". Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
- "Client List". William McDonough + Partners. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
- Hammonds, Don (2004-11-12). "Greener, literally: Ford's better ideas for newest plant include grass-covered roof, pollution-eating plants". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (PG Publishing Co., Inc.). Retrieved 2008-10-20.
- "William McDonough: The Original Green Man". Business Week. 2007-03-27.
- Rosenblatt, Roger (1999-02-15). "The Man Who Wants Buildings to Love Kids". Time Magazine. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
- McGregor, Jena (2006-06-12). "William McDonough: Design For Living". Retrieved 2008-10-20. "...who won the National Design Award in 2004 from the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum of the Smithsonian Institution..."
- Design Futures Council Senior Fellows http://www.di.net/about/senior_fellows/
- "William McDonough".
- Hamilton, Tyler (2008-01-12). "Venture fund bets billion on cleantech". The Star (Toronto). Retrieved 2009-11-11. "We've got the largest and deepest team focused on cleantech and well over $1 billion allocated to it"
- "Design Approach". William McDonough + Partners. Retrieved 2010-08-04.
- "William McDonough on Cradle to Cradle Design". TED. 2005-02. Retrieved 2010-04-26.
- "William McDonough Partners Flow House In New Orleans". Inhabitat. 2009-07-13. Retrieved 2010-04-26.
- "Gap Office Building, 901 Cherry". Mixed Mode. 2005-02. Retrieved 2010-08-04.
- "Space Savior". Vanity Fair. 2008-04. Retrieved 2010-08-04.
- "Houses of the Future". The Atlantic Monthly. 2009-11. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- "NASA Sustainability Base". NASA. 2009-08. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- Sullivan, Colin (2010-05). "Glitzy Google Gathering Launches Green Product Institute". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-09-10.
- "Cradle to Cradle Enters Public Domain, Eyes Mainstream Acceptance". GreenBiz. 2010-05. Retrieved 2010-09-10.
- "Another Step Toward Green Design". Forbes. 2010-05. Retrieved 2010-09-10.
- "Industrial Revolution, Take Two: William McDonough, May 2008".
- King, John. "Green pioneer William McDonough". Retrieved 19 November 2013.
- Kushner, David. "The King of Green Architecture". Discover. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
- Torrez, Brittany. "Stanford creates ‘living archive’ of papers, real-time conversations". The Stanford Daily. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to William McDonough.|
- William McDonough, 2004, “21st Century Design” (accessed March 26, 2008)
- Balancing Economy, Equity, and Ecology Through Design - a speech given on Oct. 15, 2008 for Stanford's Entrepreneurship Corner, with both audio & video
- Fast Company: This 'Green Dean' Has a Blueprint for Sustainability
- The Next Industrial Revolution, a Documentary film about William McDonough and Michael Braungart
- Video of speech given at Bioneers 2000 conference
- TED Talks: William McDonough on cradle to cradle design at TED in 2005
- Speech given at the Center for Social Innovation at Stanford in Feb. 2003
- "Buildings Like Trees, Factories Like Forests", 2003 interview of McMcDonough in the Princeton Independent
- RIBA Lecture: William McDonough & Michael Braungart, 'Cradle to Cradle' 2009 (video)
- Cradle to Cradle Design: A Deeper Shade of Green Watch for products that meet this stringent new eco-certification standard Amanda Kimble Mother Earth News Feb./March 2011