William Allen (Canadian politician)

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William Randall Allen
2nd Metro Toronto Chairman
In office
January 10, 1962 – September 30, 1969
Preceded by Fred Gardiner
Succeeded by Albert Campbell
Personal details
Born (1919-06-29)June 29, 1919
Buckingham, Quebec
Died October 1, 1985(1985-10-01) (aged 66)
Toronto, Ontario
Nationality Canadian
Spouse(s) Marjorie
Children 3
Religion Roman Catholic

William Randall Allen, QC (June 29, 1919 – October 1, 1985) was a Toronto politician who served as the Chairman of the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto from 1962 to 1969 and is the namesake of the W.R. Allen Road highway. Metropolitan Toronto was created by the Province of Ontario in 1952 and comprised Toronto, North York, Scarborough, Etobicoke, York, and East York. While these municipalities continued to manage some local matters, Metropolitan Toronto assumed the responsibilities of more expensive programs, such as the TTC, police, and welfare. The municipality was presided over by a "super mayor", or Metro Chairman, for its 46 year duration until amalgamation in 1998.

Background[edit]

Born in Buckingham, Quebec (in the outskirts of Ottawa, Ontario), Allen was a graduate of St. Michael's College High School, the University of Toronto, and Osgoode Hall Law School. After being called to the Ontario Bar in 1949, he was appointed Queen's Counsel in 1960. During World War II, he enlisted with the Queen's York Rangers and attained the rank of Captain, serving overseas in Britain and Europe.

His father, Robert Allen, was an alderman and then a Liberal Member of Provincial Parliament representing Riverdale during the 1930s. Allen was the first Liberal to be elected to the legislature from Riverdale since Confederation in 1867. Robert Allen's father-in-law, Randall McDonnell, was the Mayor of Mayo, Quebec for 13 consecutive years.

Allen married Marjorie Hornberger. Together they raised three children - Francis, Rosemary, and Jane.

Politics[edit]

In 1950, William Allen entered municipal politics, with his election as an alderman on Toronto city council representing Riverdale in Ward 1. He subsequently was elected by the City of Toronto to become the youngest Controller in Toronto history. He was a member of the first Metropolitan Toronto Council in 1952. Undefeated in civic elections, he remained in municipal office until 1962 when, upon retirement of Fred Gardiner, Allen defeated the Mayor of North York, Norman Goodhead, to become the second Chairman of Metropolitan Toronto. At the time, many felt Allen's Catholicism would serve as a roadblock in the election.

Allen continued to build the infrastructure that began with his predecessor, Metro's first Chairman, Fred Gardiner (namesake of the Gardiner Expressway). Most notably, the Bloor-Danforth and University subway lines opened during Allen's tenure. Furthermore, Allen also initiated many social programs that included welfare assistance and old age homes. Allen cited the latter initiative as one of his proudest achievements. Metro's fourth chair, Paul V. Godfrey, told reporters after Allen's death 25 years later that he gave Metro its "human touch". (Toronto Star, October 1/85)

Allen retired from the post in 1969. After leaving politics, he served as President and CEO to several corporations and sat on the Board of Directors for Molson, Air Canada, York University, the Toronto Stock Exchange, and others. Allen continued to practice law before being appointed President of the Canadian National Exhibition from 1979 to 1980.

During his political career, Allen served on all City Council and Metropolitan Council Standing Committees. He also held positions with a number of external bodies. He was President of the Ontario Municipal Association, Honorary President of the Convention and Tourist Bureau of Metropolitan Toronto, and Honorary Vice-President of Boy Scouts of Canada.

Allen maintained similar policies set out by his predecessor Fred Gardiner. Toronto was going through a period of change and he did little to impede this process. He did preside over the expansion of the subway network and continued with the expressway building program.

Retirement[edit]

Upon his retirement, the Spadina Expressway was renamed the William R. Allen Expressway in honour of Allen's distinguished civic service. The "Allen" runs from Kennard Avenue (Wilson Heights Boulevard link) in the north, to Eglinton Avenue West in the south.

Allen strongly opposed amalgamation until his death in 1985.(Globe and Mail, October 1/85)

References[edit]