William Augustus Edwards
|William Augustus Edwards|
Westcott Hall, used by permission of Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, USA.
December 8, 1866|
Darlington, South Carolina
|Died||March 30, 1939
|Buildings||Odd Fellows Building and Auditorium, Atlanta|
|Projects||University of Florida Campus Historic District|
William Augustus Edwards, also known as William A. Edwards, (December 8, 1866 - March 30, 1939) was an Atlanta-based American architect renowned for the educational buildings, courthouses and other public and private buildings that he designed in Florida, Georgia and his native South Carolina. More than 25 of his works have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Career history
- 3 Marriage and family
- 4 Educational buildings
- 5 County courthouses
- 6 Other buildings
- 7 NRHP-listed works
- 8 Gallery
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Early life and education
William Augustus Edwards was born in Darlington, South Carolina, the son of Augustus Fulton Edwards and his wife, Elizabeth Sarah Hart. After graduating from St. David's School in Society Hill, Edwards attended Richmond College, now the University of Richmond for one year and then entered the University of South Carolina where he received a degree in mechanical engineering in 1889.
He and another Darlington County native, Charles Coker Wilson, set up an office together in Columbia, having previously worked in Roanoke, Virginia. The two men prospered for a time, but in 1901 Edwards found a new partner, Frank C. Walter. Between then and 1908 the two designed many public school buildings across the state. In 1908 the men moved their firm to Atlanta, Georgia, where they were briefly associated with an architect named Parnham. The firm lasted until 1911, at which point Walter left to work on his own.
In 1915 Edwards established another partnership, this one with William J. Sayward, and in 1919 Joseph Leitner joined the practice. Edwards continued working successfully from this office until his death in 1939.
Marriage and family
William Augustus Edwards married India Pearl Brown on December 21, 1898. They had two sons and two daughters. He was a member of the Unitarian Church.
Among the academic institutions for which Edwards designed buildings were:
In 1930 William A. Edwards and firm designed the educational classroom and administrative building for The Southern Industrial Institute, now known as Lyman Ward Military Academy, in Camp Hill, AL. The structure known as Tallapoosa Hall was designed at the request of well known educator Dr. Lyman Ward who like Edwards was also a Unitarian. Dr. Ward had transplanted to Alabama in 1898 to establish a school for impoverished boys and girls. Completed in 1933, Tallapoosa Hall is also a Gothic Revival design and the building was added to the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in 2008.
From 1905-1925, William A. Edwards was architect for the Florida Board of Control and designed many buildings in the Collegiate Gothic style for the three existing state institutions of higher learning as well as other public schools.
- University of Florida: Numerous works within what was recognized in 1989 on the National Register of Historic Places as the University of Florida Campus Historic District, bounded by W. University Ave., US 441/SW. 13th St., Stadium Rd., and North-South Dr. Several of these buildings were already individually NRHP-listed beforehand.
Works by Edwards at the University of Florida:
The Carnegie Library and perhaps other buildings designed by Edwards are among 14 contributing buildings in Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College Historic District, NRHP-listed
- Caroline Brevard Grammar School, 727 S. Calhoun St., Tallahassee, Florida (Edwards,William A.), NRHP-listed
- Agnes Scott College, Decatur, Georgia: Buttrick Hall, 1930; McCain Library, 1936
- Columbia Theological Seminary, Decatur, Georgia
- Georgia State Teachers College
- Georgia State Women's College (Valdosta State University)
In South Carolina
- Clemson College (Clemson University)
- Limestone College, Gaffney: Winnie Davis Hall, 1904,
- McMaster School, now USC's McMaster College, Columbia
- South Carolina School for the Deaf and Blind, Spartanburg
- University of South Carolina, Columbia: Currell College (originally the law school named Petigru College, but changed in 1950 to Currell when a new Petigru was built for the law school) 1919,.
- Walhalla Graded School, Walhalla, 1901
- Winthrop College, Winthrop University, Rock Hill: Withers Building, Main Classroom - Office Building, 1912–1913.
William Augustus Edwards designed many county courthouses, as follows:
- Fannin County Courthouse, Georgia, 1937, replaced 2004 by new courthouse next door. Old one is leased as Georgia Mountain Center for the Arts.
- Tift County Courthouse, Courthouse Sq., Tifton, Georgia, 1912–13, NRHP-listed
In South Carolina
Between 1908 and 1915 Edwards designed nine county courthouses for the state of South Carolina, all of which are still standing except the ones in Kershaw and Darlingon which were destroyed. The courthouses are as follows:
- Abbeville County Courthouse, Court Sq. Abbeville, South Carolina, NRHP-listed
- Calhoun County Courthouse, S. Railroad Ave., St. Matthews, South Carolina, NRHP-listed
- Darlington County Courthouse, 1904–1964, replaced by highrise courthouse on same site
- Dillon County Courthouse, 1303 W. Main St., Dillon, South Carolina. (Edwards,William Augustus), NRHP-listed
- Kershaw County Courthouse, destroyed
- Jasper County Courthouse, Russell St., Ridgeland, South Carolina, NRHP-listed
- Lee County Courthouse, 123 Main St., Bishopville, South Carolina, NRHP-listed
- Sumter County Courthouse, 141 N. Main St., Sumter, South Carolina, NRHP-listed
- York County Courthouse, corner of W. Liberty and S. Congress Sts., York, South Carolina, NRHP-listed
- Covington House, 328 Cortez St., Tallahassee, Florida, 1926, NRHP-listed
- Exchange Bank Building, Tallahassee, Florida
- Hotel Thomas, 1919, bounded by N.E. 2nd and 5th Sts. and N.E. 6th and 7th Aves., Gainesville, Florida, NRHP-listed
- City Hall and Firehouse, Bainbridge, Georgia
- Odd Fellows Building and Auditorium, 1912–1913, 228-250 Auburn Ave., NE, Atlanta, Georgia (Edwards,William A.), NRHP-listed
- University Homes in the Atlanta University Center area
- Unitarian Church of Atlanta, 669 West Peachtree Street, 1915
- United States Post Office and Courthouse (Columbus, Georgia), 1933
- One or more works in Lakewood Heights Historic District, jct. of Jonesboro Rd. and Lakewood Ave., Atlanta, Georgia (Edwards, William), NRHP-listed
- One or more works in Southern Railway North Avenue Yards Historic District, 539 John St. NW, Atlanta, Georgia (Edwards, William), NRHP-listed
In South Carolina
- Abbeville Opera House, Abbeville, South Carolina
- Cain House at 1619 Pendleton Street, Columbia, South Carolina. 1912. now The Inn at USC'.
- South Carolina State Armory, 1219 Assembly Street, Columbia, South Carolina, 1905, NRHP-listed
- Multiple Resource Area for 4 of the 9 South Carolina courthouses designed by William Augustus Edwards - 12 pages
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- Tate, Susan, Preservation and Compatible Growth of a Twentieth Century Campus: The University of Florida, p. 61
- Tate, Susan, Preservation and Compatible Growth of a Twentieth Century Campus: The University of Florida, p. 63
- Historic Campus Project
- St Petersburg Times: Brooksville 150 years
- Sumter County Florida history
- Vinson Institute: courthouses in Georgia: Fannin
- Vinson Institute: courthouses in Georgia: Old Fannin
- Vinson Institute: courthouses in Georgia: Tift
- Darlington County Administrator's page: has picture
- Historical notes on Unitarian Universalist Congregation of Atlanta
- Biography at the University of Florida library website
- Tate, Susan, Preservation and Compatible Growth of a Twentieth Century Campus: The University of Florida