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|Sir William Beechey|
Self-portrait of Sir William Beechey, c. 1790.
12 December 1753
|Died||28 January 1839(aged 85)|
|Known for||Portrait Oil Painting|
Sir William Beechey (12 December 1753 – 28 January 1839) was an English portrait-painter.
Beechey was born at Burford, Oxfordshire, on 12 December 1753, the son of William Beechey and Hannah Read. Both his parents died when he was still quite young, and he and his siblings were brought up by his uncle Samuel. He was interested in painting from an early age, being admitted to the Royal Academy Schools in 1772, although, according to some accounts, his family intended him to follow his uncle Samuel into a legal career.
In the early part of his painting life Beechey specialised in small-scale full-length portraits. Between 1782 and 1787 he lived in Norwich, and eventually painted four works for the collection of civic portraits hung in St Andrew's Hall in the city, only one was done during his residence there.
Beechey returned to London in 1787. Eventually he came to the notice of the royal family. In 1793 painting a full-length portrait of Queen Charlotte, she appointed him Official Royal portrait painter. In the same year he was elected an associate of the Royal Academy. He painted not only the portraits of the royal family, but of nearly all the most famous or fashionable people of the time. What is considered his finest production was a large composition in the foreground of which he introduced portraits of George III, the Prince of Wales and the Duke of York, surrounded by a brilliant staff on horseback. George III and the Prince of Wales reviewing troops was painted in 1798, and obtained for the artist the honour of knighthood, and his election as RA (member of the Academy). This painting was destroyed in the 1992 Windsor Castle fire.
His portraits were deficient in grace, his draperies poor and ill cast, and he showed no ability to overcome the graceless stiffness which then prevailed in dress. Yet he possessed much merit, and his portraits have maintained a respectable second rank.
William Beechey's first marriage was to Mary Ann Jones (* ca. 1760, † 1793)in 1772 (other sources say 1778). Beechey had five children with her:
- Emma Amalia Beechy (*1784; † 1859)
- Henry William Beechey (*1788; † 4 August 1862) British painter, egyptologist
- Charles Beechey (*1789)
- Caroline Beechey (*1790)
- Harriet Beechey (*1792)
He secondly married Ann Phyllis Jessop (*3 August 1764; 14 December 1833) in 1793 and had 16 children by her:
- Ann Phyllis Beechey (*1794; †December 1883)
- Frederick William Beechey (17 February 1796;– 29 November 1856), Royal Navy captain, geographer, politician
- George Duncan Beechey (*1798; † 6 December 1852), painter
- Anna Dodsworth Beechey (*1800)
- William Nelson Beechey (*3 August 1801; † 1 August 1878)
- Charlotte Earl Beechey (*3 August 1801; † 28 November 1849)
- Alfred Beechey (*24 June 1803)
- St. Vincent Beechey (*7 August 1806; †19 August 1899), clergyman
- Richard Brydges Beechey (*17 May 1808; † 14 March 1895), painter and admiral in the British navy
- Jane Henrietta Frances Beechy (*19 December 1809)
- Augusta Beechey (* 1812)
- Fredericka Anne Beechey (* 1814)
- William Ernest Beechey (* 1816)
- Frances Beechey (* 1818)
- Phyliss Beechey (* 1820)
- a daughter S. R. Beechey (* 1822)
A monograph by W. Roberts, Sir William Beechey, R.A., was published in London 1907 and includes Beechey's account books and a list of works exhibited in his lifetime.
- Richard Redgrave; Samuel Redgrave, eds. (1890). A Century of Painters of the English School. Sampson Low, Marston.
- Roberts, W. (1907). Sir William Beechey, R.A. London: Duckworth & Co.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Beechey, Sir William". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Laughton, John Knox (1885). "Beechey, Frederick William". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography 4. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Wilson, John. "Beechey, Sir William (1753–1839)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/1949. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
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