William Bentinck, 4th Duke of Portland

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His Grace
The Duke of Portland
PC DCL
Lord Privy Seal
In office
30 April 1827 – July 1827
Monarch George IV
Prime Minister George Canning
Preceded by The Earl of Westmorland
Succeeded by The Earl of Carlisle
Lord President of the Council
In office
17 August 1827 – 21 January 1828
Monarch George IV
Prime Minister The Viscount Goderich
Preceded by The Earl of Harrowby
Succeeded by The Earl Bathurst
Member of Parliament for Petersfield
In office
29 December 1790 – 18 April 1791
Preceded by Hon. George North
William Jolliffe
Succeeded by Welbore Ellis
William Jolliffe
Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire
In office
18 April 1791 – 30 October 1809
Preceded by The Earl Verney
James Grenville
Succeeded by Earl Temple
William Selby Lowndes
Personal details
Born (1768-06-24)24 June 1768
London, England[1]
Died 27 March 1854(1854-03-27) (aged 85)
Welbeck Abbey, Nottinghamshire
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Henrietta née Scott (m. 1795; wid. 1844)

William Henry Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck, 4th Duke of Portland PC DCL (24 June 1768 – 27 March 1854), styled Marquess of Titchfield until 1809, was a British politician who served in various positions in the governments of George Canning and Lord Goderich.

Background and education[edit]

Portland was the eldest son of Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland and Lady Dorothy, daughter of William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire and Charlotte Boyle, Baroness Clifford. He was the elder brother of Lord William Bentinck and Lord Charles Bentinck.[2]

He was educated first in Ealing under the tutelage of Samuel Goodenough graduating in 1774, followed by Westminster School (1783). He attended Christ Church, Oxford for two years but did not take a degree.[1] Although he did not take

The third Duke, who spared no expense for his heir, sent him to The Hague in 1786 for experience working with the crown's envoy, Sir James Harris. He returned in 1789.[3]

He later received an honorary Doctor of Civil Law from Oxford in 1793.[1] He also served as a Family Trustee of the British Museum;[2] in 1810, he loaned the famed Portland Vase to the museum.[4]

Political career[edit]

William Henry Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck, 4th Duke of Portland, as a child

Portland was Member of Parliament for Petersfield between 1790 and 1791 and for Buckinghamshire between 1791 and 1809.[3]

He served under his father as a Lord of the Treasury between March and September 1807. He remained out of office until April 1827 when he was appointed Lord Privy Seal by his brother-in-law George Canning.[5] He was sworn of the Privy Council the same year.[5] When Lord Goderich became Prime Minister in August 1827, Portland became Lord President of the Council,[6] an office he retained until the government fell in January 1828. Over time the Duke became less of a staunch Conservative, softening to some of the more liberal stances of Canning.[1]

Portland also held the honorary post of Lord Lieutenant of Middlesex between 1794 and 1841.

Family[edit]

Portland married Henrietta, eldest daughter and heiress of Major-General John Scott of Fife and his wife Margaret (née Dundas), in London on 4 August 1795. At the time of his marriage he obtained Royal Licence to take the name and arms of Scott in addition to that of Cavendish-Bentinck. They were parents of nine children:[2][7]

Death and legacy[edit]

The Duchess of Portland died 24 April 1844.[1] Nearly 10 years later, Portland died at the family seat of Welbeck Abbey, Nottinghamshire, in March 1854, aged 85. Two of their sons predeceased their parents; their eldest dying of a brain lesion and their third son dying of a heart attack.

The duke expressed a desire to be buried in the open churchyard in Bolsover, Derbyshire, near the other family seat at Bolsover Castle. However his was instead interred in the ancient Cavendish vault, that had previously been unopened for 138 years.[7]

He was succeeded in the dukedom by his second but eldest surviving son, William.

The department of Manuscripts and Special Collections, The University of Nottingham holds a number of papers relating to Portland: His personal and political papers are part of the Portland (Welbeck) Collection while the Portland (London) Collection contains papers relating to his estate business. The Portland Estate Papers held at Nottinghamshire Archives also contain items relating to Portland's properties.

Titles[edit]

His full title was Marquess of Titchfield, Earl of Portland, Viscount Woodstock and Baron of Cirencester.[2]

  • The Most Honourable William Bentinck, Marquess of Titchfield (1768–1795)
  • The Most Honourable William Scott-Bentinck, Marquess of Titchfield (1795–1801)
  • The Most Honourable William Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck, Marquess of Titchfield (1801–1809)
  • His Grace The Duke of Portland (1809–1854)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Death of the Duke of Portland". The Times (The Times Digital Archive). 29 March 1854. p. 11. 
  2. ^ a b c d Debrett, John (1828). Debrett's Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: Volume 1. Debrett's. p. 31. 
  3. ^ a b "CAVENDISH BENTINCK (afterwards CAVENDISH SCOTT BENTINCK), William Henry, Mq. of Titchfield (1768-1854), of Welbeck Abbey, Notts.". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  4. ^ "The conservation history of the Portland Vase". British Museum. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  5. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 18357. p. 961. 1 May 1827.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 18389. p. 1785. 21 August 1827.
  7. ^ a b "Funeral of the Duke of Portland". The Times (The Times Digital Archive). 5 April 1854. p. 12. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Hon. George North
William Jolliffe
Member of Parliament for Petersfield
1790–1791
With: William Jolliffe
Succeeded by
Welbore Ellis
William Jolliffe
Preceded by
The Earl Verney
James Grenville
Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire
1791–1800
With: James Grenville 1790–1797
Earl Temple 1797–1800
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire
1801–1809
With: Earl Temple
Succeeded by
Earl Temple
William Selby Lowndes
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Westmorland
Lord Privy Seal
1827
Succeeded by
The Earl of Carlisle
Preceded by
Minister without Portfolio
1827
Succeeded by
Preceded by
The Earl of Harrowby
Lord President of the Council
1827–1828
Succeeded by
The Earl Bathurst
Honorary titles
Preceded by
In Commission
Lord Lieutenant of Middlesex
1794–1841
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded by
Henry Dundas
Custos Rotulorum of Middlesex
1794–1841
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Cavendish-Bentinck
Duke of Portland
1809–1854
Succeeded by
William Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck