William Bickford (1774–1834)

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William Bickford (1774–1834) was an English inventor. Born in Ashburton, Devon, England, Bickford moved to first Truro and then Tuckingmill in Cornwall, where he worked as a currier. Tuckingmill was then in the heart of the Cornish mining industry, and Bickford would have been aware of the large loss of life from explosive accidents in the mines.

He is best known as the inventor of the safety fuse, which was inspired by watching a friend, James Bray making rope. With his son-in-law George Smith, he established a factory in Tuckingmill for the production of his invention, and in its first year it produced 45 miles of fuse. He died a short while before his company actually started up. It took a while for miners to use the safety fuses, for the old ones were cheaper. His company eventually became part of the Ensign-Bickford Company.

Bickford's grandson William Bickford-Smith became MP for Truro.