William Blount, 4th Baron Mountjoy
William Blount, 4th Baron Mountjoy KG (ca. 1478–1534) was an English courtier, scholar and patron of learning.
William Blount was born about 1478 in Barton Blount, Derbyshire, the eldest son of John Blount, 3rd Baron Mountjoy, and Lora Berkeley (d.1501). After the death of the 3rd Baron Mountjoy in 1485, Lora (née Berkeley) married firstly Sir Thomas Montgomery (d.1495), and secondly Thomas Butler, 7th Earl of Ormond (d.1515), grandfather of Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire.
Blount was a pupil of Erasmus, who called him inter nobiles doctissimus. His friends included Colet, More and Grocyn. He held a command in the force sent to suppress Perkin Warbeck's rebellion in 1497. In 1513 he was appointed governor of Tournai, and his letters to Wolsey and Henry VIII describing his vigorous government of the town are preserved in the British Library.
He was present with Henry VIII at the Field of the Cloth of Gold in 1520, and at the meeting with Charles V in 1522. He had been Master of the Mint since 1509, and chamberlain to Catherine of Aragon since 1512. It fell to him in this office to announce to the queen Henry's intention to divorce her; he also signed the letter to the pope conveying the king's threat to repudiate the papal supremacy unless the divorce were granted. Mountjoy, who was one of the wealthiest English nobles of his time, died on 8 November 1534 and is buried at Barton Blount. His son Charles Blount, 5th Baron Mountjoy (1516–1544), was also a patron of learning.
Marriages and issue
Mountjoy married firstly, about Easter 1497, Elizabeth Say, the daughter and coheir of Sir William Say of Essenden, Hertfordshire, by whom he had a daughter, Gertrude Blount, who married, on 25 October 1519, Henry Courtenay, Marquess of Exeter, and was a lady in waiting to Queen Mary. Elizabeth (née Say) died before 21 July 1506.
By February 1515 he married thirdly Alice Keble (d. 8 June 1521), widow of Sir William Browne (d. 3 June 1514), Lord Mayor of London in 1513, and daughter of Henry Keble, Lord Mayor of London in 1510, by whom he had a son, Charles Blount, 5th Baron Mountjoy, and a daughter, Catherine Blount (c.1518 - 25 February 1559), who married firstly Sir John Champernowne of Modbury, Devon, and secondly Sir Maurice Berkeley of Bruton, Somerset. Alice (née Keble) was buried at the Greyfriars, London.
Mountjoy married fourthly, before 29 July 1523, Dorothy Grey, widow of Robert Willoughby, 2nd Baron Willoughby de Broke, and daughter of Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset and Cecily Bonville, by whom he had a son, John, and two daughters, Mary, who married Robert Denys or Denny, esquire, and Dorothy, who married John Blewett, esquire.
- Brown, James Roberts (1888). "Jno. and Wm. Browne, Sheriffs and Lord Mayors of London". Notes and Queries. 7th (London: John C. Francis) V: 151–3. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
- Carley, James P. (2004). Blount, William, fourth Baron Mountjoy (c.1478–1534). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 5 July 2013. (subscription required)
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham I (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. pp. 336–7. ISBN 1449966373
- "Blount, William". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
|Peerage of England|