William Bradford (painter)
William Bradford (April 30, 1823 – April 25, 1892) was an American romanticist painter, photographer and explorer, originally from Fairhaven, Massachusetts, near New Bedford. His early work focused on portraits of the many ships in New Bedford Harbor. In 1858, his painting New Bedford Harbor at Sunset was included in Albert Bierstadt's landmark New Bedford Art Exhibition.
He is known for his paintings of ships and Arctic seascapes. He went on several Arctic expeditions with Dr. Isaac Israel Hayes, and was the first American painter to portray the frozen regions of the north. In 1862, Boston, he was an art teacher to Charles Dormon Robinson.
With funds provided by LeGrand Lockwood, Bradford traveled to the Arctic aboard the steamship Panther in 1869, accompanied by photographers John L. Dunmore and George Critcherson. Upon his return, Bradford spent two years in London, where he published an account of his trips to the north, entitled The Arctic regions, illustrated with photographs taken on an art expedition to Greenland; with descriptive narrative by the artist.(London, 1873) In 1874, he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate member.
He was associated with the Hudson River School, not an institution but rather an informal group of like-minded painters. He adopted their techniques and became highly interested in the way light touches water and how it affects the appearance of water surfaces and the general atmospherics of a painting. He compositionally balanced many of his paintings by creating a counter-subject and by placing darker colors around the edges, framing and counteracting the center's better-lit subject.
- Blasdale, Mary Jean (1990). Artists of New Bedford: a Biographical Dictionary. Old Dartmouth Historical Society. pp. 47–.
- Harper, Franklin (1913). Who's who on the Pacific Coast: a biographical compilation of notable living contemporaries west of the Rocky Mountains (Public domain ed.). Harper Pub. Co. pp. 483–. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- Solbert, Oscar N.; Newhall, Beaumont; Card, James G., eds. (November 1952). "The Arctic Regions" (PDF). Image, Journal of Photography of George Eastman House (Rochester, N.Y.: International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House Inc.) 1 (8): 1. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
- William Bradford (15 May 2013). The Arctic Regions: Illustrated With Photographs Taken on an Art Expedition to Greenland. David R. Godine Publisher, (Originally published in London, England in 1873 by Sampson Low, Marston Low, and Searle). ISBN 978-1-56792-451-0.
- Rev. F. H. Kasson, A.M. (June 1889). "William Bradford, Snatches from the Life and Work of the Great Marine Artist". Education, Devoted to the Science, Art, Philosophy, and Literature of Education. IX, no. 1. New England Publishing Company. pp. 643–655.
- Russell W. Porter (1897). The Artist in Greenland 16. New England Magazine Company. pp. 289–303. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
- Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
- www.William-Bradford-Gallery.org 123 works by William Bradford
- Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute 2002 exhibition "Arctic Diary: Paintings and Photographs by William Bradford"
- New Bedford Whaling Museum 2003 exhibition "William Bradford: Sailing Ships & Arctic Seas"
- "Arctic Visions: Away then Floats the Ice-Island", exhibit microsite
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