William Brough (writer)
William Brough (28 April 1826 – 13 March 1870) was an English writer. As a dramatist, he wrote some of the earliest German Reed Entertainments, as well as Victorian burlesques, farces and other pieces.
Life and works
Brough was born in London, the son of Barnabas Brough, a brewer, publican, wine merchant and later dramatist, and his wife Frances Whiteside, a poet and novelist. He was the brother of writer Robert (father of actress Fanny Brough), actor Lionel and science writer John Cargill Brough. His father was briefly kidnapped by the Chartists in 1839 and was a prosecution witness at the trial of the Chartist leader John Frost, which resulted in Frost's deportation to Australia. The family was ostracised and ruined financially as a result, and they moved to Manchester in 1843. Brough was educated at Newport, Monmouthshire, and apprenticed to a printer at Brecon.
To the Liverpool Lion, a venture of his brother Robert, whom he joined in Liverpool, Brough contributed his first literary effort, a series of papers called Hints upon Heraldry. Like his brother, whose reputation has overshadowed his own, Brough wrote in many periodical publications. His dramatic works, chiefly Victorian burlesques, were seen at many of the London theatres. These included Pygmalion; or, The Statue Fair and The Gnome King (1868) at the Queen's Theatre, Long Acre. In partnership with Andrew Halliday he wrote the Pretty Horsebreaker, the Census, the Area Belle, and several other farces. He also wrote some of the first of the dramatic entertainments given by Mr. and Mrs. German Reed in the 1850s. With Madge Kendal and Samuel Phelps, he toured the provinces, stopping in 1866 at the Theatre Royal, Hull.
Personal life; death
In 1857, together with his brothers, Brough was a founding member of the Savage Club. He married Ann Romer, the vocalist cousin of the opera singer Emma Romer. Ann died a year later, leaving him one child. He subsequently remarried, and died at age 43, leaving a widow and six children. Brough was interred at London's Nunhead Cemetery.
- "Mrs. Barnabas Brough Dead", The New York Times, 25 November 1897, p. 7
- Banerji, Nilanjana. "Brough, Lionel (1836–1909)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 25 May 2009
- "Brough, William (1826-1870)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Pemberton, Thomas Edgar (1900). The Kendals, a Biography. p. 43.
- Watson Aaron and Mark Twain. The Savage Club: A Medley of History, Anecdote, and Reminiscence, 1907, pp. 19–20, accessed 8 June 2012
- Middleton, Lydia Miller (1897). "Romer, Emma". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography 49. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Mr. William Brough. London Observer 20 March 1870, p. 6