William C. Boyd
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|William C. Boyd|
|Born||March 04, 1903
|Died||February 19, 1983|
|Institutions||Boston University School of Medicine (1926-1968)|
|Alma mater||Harvard University (1925)
Boston University (Ph.D. 1930)
|Known for||Blood type, Lectin|
William Clouser Boyd (March 4, 1903 - February 19, 1983) was an American immunochemist, who with his wife Lyle, during the 1930s, made a worldwide survey of the distribution of blood types. Born in Dearborn, Missouri, he discovered that blood groups are inherited and not influenced by environment. By genetic analysis of blood groups he hypothesised that human races are populations that differ by alleles. On that basis, he divided the world population into 13 geographically distinct races with different blood group gene profiles. Boyd co-wrote the book Races and People with Isaac Asimov.
Boyd also wrote and published several science fiction short stories in collaboration with Lyle G. Boyd under the name "Boyd Ellanbee" (obviously standing for "Boyd, L and B", for Lyle and Bill).
His papers were donated to the National Library of Medicine by Mrs. Cassandra Boyd in 1983. 
- Races and People, by Isaac Asimov and William C Boyd, 1958.
- Genetics and the races of man: An introduction to modern physical anthropology, William C Boyd, 1950.
- Peter D'Adamo, ed. - The individualist - William Boyd
- "William C. Boyd Papers 1944-1983 (bulk 1944-1950)". National Library of Medicine.