W. Chapman Revercomb

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William Chapman Revercomb
WilliamCRevercomb.jpg
United States Senator
from West Virginia
In office
January 3, 1943 – January 3, 1949
Preceded by Hugh Ike Shott
Succeeded by Matthew M. Neely
In office
November 7, 1956 – January 3, 1959
Preceded by William R. Laird, III
Succeeded by Robert Byrd
Personal details
Born (1895-07-20)July 20, 1895
Covington, Virginia
Died October 6, 1979(1979-10-06) (aged 84)
Charleston, West Virginia
Political party Republican
Religion Presbyterianism

William Chapman Revercomb (July 20, 1895 – October 6, 1979) was an American politician and lawyer in the state of West Virginia. He served two separate terms in the United States Senate.

He was born in Covington, Virginia, and attended Washington and Lee University before entering the United States Army in World War I where he served as a corporal. Returning from the war, he transferred to the law school at the University of Virginia, graduating in 1919. He practiced law in Covington for few years before moving to Charleston, West Virginia in 1922.

He was elected to the Senate in 1942. There he championed opposition to the foreign and domestic policies of the administration of Harry S. Truman and was a stalwart supporter of civil rights. He was defeated for re-election in 1948 and for the state's other Senate seat in 1952. In both races, his support of the national Republican party's civil rights policies were major issues.

In 1956, he won a special election to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Harley M. Kilgore (his opponent in the 1952 election). He re-entered the Senate, serving through the end of 1958.

In 1958, he lost to Congressman Robert Byrd in his re-election bid in another racially charged election (Byrd held the seat until his death in 2010, becoming the first U.S. senator to serve uninterrupted for more than 50 years). He then lost the Republican nomination for governor in 1960 and retired from politics. He practiced law in Charleston until his death in 1979.

As of 2014, Revercomb is the last Republican to represent West Virginia in the Senate (his 1956-59 term) and the last Republican elected to a full term in the Senate from West Virginia (1942).

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United States Senate
Preceded by
Hugh Ike Shott
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from West Virginia
1943–1949
Served alongside: Harley M. Kilgore
Succeeded by
Matthew M. Neely
Preceded by
William R. Laird, III
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from West Virginia
1956–1959
Served alongside: Matthew M. Neely, John D. Hoblitzell, Jr., Jennings Randolph
Succeeded by
Robert C. Byrd