William C. Sturtevant

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Dr. William C. Sturtevant (1926 Morristown, New Jersey — March 2, 2007) was an anthropologist and ethnologist.[1] He is best known as the general editor of the 20-volume Handbook of North American Indians. Renowned anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss described the work as "an absolutely indispensable tool that should be found on the shelves of all libraries, public and private alike."[2]


He graduated from the University of California, Berkeley in 1949, and from Yale University with a Ph.D. in 1955. He served first as a research anthropologist for the Bureau of American Ethnology before being appointed Curator of North American Ethnology in the U.S. National Museum (later the National Museum of Natural History), Smithsonian Institution.

Sturtevant argued for the importance of material culture in anthropology, particularly in incorporating the contents of museum collections.[2]


He was the eldest son of the geneticist Alfred Sturtevant. He was married to Theda Maw from 1952 to 1986; they had three children. Sturtevant remarried in 1990, to linguist Sally McLendon.[3] Sturtevant died on March 2, 2007 from emphysema.


  1. ^ "William C. Sturtevant; Expert on Indians", The Washington Post, Louie Estrada, March 17, 2007
  2. ^ a b Sues, Hans (Spring 2007). "William Sturtevant Remembered". Anthropology: Newsletter of The Department of Anthropology National Museum of Natural History (Washington, DC: Department of Anthropology National Museum of Natural History): 2. 
  3. ^ Jackson, Jason Baird; Regna Darnell and Fredrick W. Gleach, editors (2007-03-10). "William C. Sturtevant (1926-2007)". Celebrating a Century: The Presidents of the American Anthropological Association. Lincoln, Nebraska: American Anthropological Association: University of Nebraska Press. pp. 257–260. Retrieved 2009-09-28. 

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