William Cecil Dampier

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This page is about the scientist. For the explorer, see William Dampier.

Sir William Cecil Dampier FRS[1] (born William Cecil Dampier Whetham) (27 December 1867 – 11 December 1952)[1] was a British scientist, agriculturist, and science historian who developed a method of extracting lactose (milk sugar) from whey.

He was born in London, the son of Charles Langley and Mary (née Dampier) Whetham and the grandson of Sir Charles Whetham, a former Lord Mayor of London. In 1886 he entered Trinity College, Cambridge and in 1889 commenced his varied researches in the Cavendish Laboratory. In 1891 was elected a Fellow of Trinity.

In June 1901 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.[1] His candidacy citation read: "Lecturer in Physics. Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.

Dampier was author of the following scientific papers, &c: - 'On the Alleged Slipping at the Boundary of a Liquid in Motion';[2] 'Note on Kohlrausch's Theory of Ionic Velocity';[3] 'Ionic Velocities';[4] 'On the velocity of the Hydrogen Ion through Solutions of Acetates';[5] 'On the Velocities of the Ions and the Relative Ionization Powers of Solvents';[6] 'The Velocity of the Ions';[7] 'The Ionizing Power of Solvents';[8] 'Report to the British Association on the Present State of our Knowledge in Electrolysis and Electro-Chemistry'; 'The Theory of the Migration of the ions and of Specific Ionic Velocities';[9] 'The Coagulative Power of Electrolytes';[10] 'The Ionization of Dilute Solutions at the Freezing Point' (a paper read before the Royal Society); an elementary text book on 'Solution and Electrolysis';[11] Letters and Articles in 'Nature' and 'Science Progress.'" [12]

From 1931 to 1935 he served as the first secretary of the Agricultural Research Council.[13] He was knighted in 1931 for public service to agriculture.


In 1897 he had married Catherine Durning Holt of a Liverpool shipowning family.


  1. ^ a b c Taylor, G. I.; Havelock, E. H. E. (1954). "William Cecil Dampier. 1867-1952". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society 9: 54. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1954.0005. JSTOR 769198.  edit
  2. ^ Proceedings of Royal Society, xlviii, p 225, (1890), and Philosophical Society Transactions, (1890), A, p. 559
  3. ^ Philosophical Magazine, (July, 1891)
  4. ^ Proceedings Royal Society, lii, p 283, (1893), translated Zeits fur Physikal Chem xi, p 220, (1893), also Philosophical Transactions (1893), A, p. 337
  5. ^ British Associations Reports, (1894), p 568
  6. ^ Philosophical Magazine, (1894)
  7. ^ Proceedings Royal Society, lvii, p 182, (1895), and Philosophical Transactions, A, (1895), p. 507
  8. ^ Philosophical Magazine, (July, 1897)
  9. ^ British Association Report, (1897), p 227
  10. ^ Philosophical Magazine, (1899)
  11. ^ Cambridge University Press, (1895)
  12. ^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 26 November 2010. 
  13. ^ December 27 - Today in Science History

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