William Cecil Dampier

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This page is about the scientist. For the explorer, see William Dampier.

Sir William Cecil Dampier FRS[1] (born William Cecil Dampier Whetham) (27 December 1867 – 11 December 1952)[1] was a British scientist, agriculturist, and science historian who developed a method of extracting lactose (milk sugar) from whey.

He was born in London, the son of Charles Langley and Mary (née Dampier) Whetham and the grandson of Sir Charles Whetham, a former Mayor of London. In 1886 he entered Trinity College, Cambridge and in 1889 commenced his varied researches in the Cavendish Laboratory. In 1891 was elected a Fellow of the college.

In June 1901 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.[1] His candidacy citation read: "Lecturer in Physics. Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. Author of the following scientific papers, &c: - 'On the Alleged Slipping at the Boundary of a Liquid in Motion' (Proc Roy Soc, xlviii, p 225, 1890, and Phil Trans, 1890, A p559); 'Note on Kohlrausch's Theory of Ionic Velocity' (Phil Mag, July, 1891); 'Ionic Velocities' (Proc Roy Soc, lii, p 283, 1893, translated Zeits fur Physikal Chem xi, p 220, 1893, also Phil Trans 1893, A, p337); 'On the velocity of the Hydrogen Ion through Solutions of Acetates' (Brit Assoc Reports, 1894, p 568); 'On the Velocities of the Ions and the Relative Ionization Powers of Solvents' (Phil Mag, 1894); 'The Velocity of the Ions' (Proc Roy Soc, lvii, p 182, 1895, and Phil Trans, A, 1895, p507); 'The Ionizing Power of Solvents' (Phil Mag, July , 1897); 'Report to the British Association on the Present State of our Knowledge in Electrolysis and Electro-Chemistry'; 'The Theory of the Migration of the ions and of Specific Ionic Velocities' (Brit Assoc Report, 1897, p 227); 'The Coagulative Power of Electrolytes' (Phil Mag, 1899); 'The Ionization of Dilute Solutions at the Freezing Point' (a paper read before the Royal Society); an elementary text book on 'Solution and Electrolysis' (Camb Univ Press, 1895); Letters and Articles in 'Nature' and 'Science Progress.'" [2]

From 1931 to 1935 he served as the first secretary of the Agricultural Research Council.[3] He was knighted in 1931 for public service to agriculture.

In 1897 he had married Catherine Durning Holt of a Liverpool shipowning family.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Taylor, G. I.; Havelock, E. H. E. (1954). "William Cecil Dampier. 1867-1952". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society 9: 54. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1954.0005. JSTOR 769198.  edit
  2. ^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 26 November 2010. 
  3. ^ December 27 - Today in Science History

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