William Neelands Chant (July 13, 1895 – 1976) was a farmer and political figure in Alberta and British Columbia. He represented Camrose in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta from 1935 to 1940 as a Social Credit and then Independent member and Victoria City in the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia from 1953 to 1972 as a Social Credit member.
He was born in Brampton, Ontario, the son of John Daniel Chant and Mary Abigail Neelands, and was educated there. In 1921, he married Ella Victoria Langbell. Chant was a member of the municipal council and a school trustee for Camrose, Alberta. He served during World War I. Chant was Minister of Agriculture in the Alberta cabinet but resigned from his cabinet post in the Social Credit backbenchers' revolt of 1937. He was defeated when he ran for reelection to the Alberta assembly as an Independent Progressive Party candidate in 1944. Chant ran unsuccessfully for a seat in the British Columbia assembly in 1952 before being elected in 1953; he served as Minister of Public Works in the British Columbia cabinet.
- Normandin, P G (1965). Canadian Parliamentary Guide, 1965.
- "Hansard". Legislative Assembly of British Columbia. January 13, 1977. Retrieved 2011-12-13.
- "William Chant fonds". British Columbia Archival Information Network. Retrieved 2011-12-13.
- Finkel, Alvin (1989). The Social Credit phenomenon in Alberta. University of Toronto Press. p. 61. ISBN 0-8020-5821-3. Retrieved 2011-12-13.
- "Camrose results 1944". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved 2011-12-13.
- "Electoral History of British Columbia, 1871-1986". Elections BC. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
- "William Neelands Chant, Edmonton, Alberta". Glenbow Museum. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
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