William Coryton

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Arms of Coryton: Argent, a saltire sable

William Coryton (1580 – 1651) of West Newton Ferrers, St Mellion, Cornwall, was an English gentleman who served as MP for Cornwall in 1624, 1626 and 1628, for Liskeard in 1625, for Grampound in 1640 and for Launceston 1640-41.[1] He was expelled from Parliament for falsifying returns.

Origins[edit]

Coryton was the eldest son of Peter Coryton of Coryton, in Lifton Hundred, Devon and West Newton Ferrers, St Mellion, Cornwall, by his wife Joan Wrey, a daughter of John Wrey (d.1597) of North Russell, Sourton,[2] Devon and of Trebeigh, St Ive, Cornwall,[3] and sister of Sir William Wrey, 1st Baronet (d.1636).

Career[edit]

Coryton was appointed Vice-Warden of the Stannaries in 1603 and High Sheriff of Cornwall for 1613. In 1624 he was elected Member of Parliament for Cornwall. He was elected MP for Liskeard in 1625 and again MP for Cornwall in 1626.[4]

In July 1627 Coryton was arrested for refusing to subscribe the forced loan of that year, and imprisoned in the Fleet Prison, where he remained until March 1628. His place of Vice-Warden of the Stannaries was in the meantime given to John Mohun. In view of the opening of parliament in 1628, he was released and was re-elected MP for Cornwall.[4] He spoke in the debate on religious grievances on 27 January 1629, in that on tonnage and poundage which followed, and in other debates. His tone was described as "studiously moderate."

Coryton was present on 2 March 1629 when the Speaker, Sir John Finch, was forcibly held in his seat. After his fellow MP Sir John Eliot had read a remonstrance on tonnage and poundage, the Speaker had refused to put it to the house, and had risen to dissolve the assembly. Finch was then held in his seat by Denzil Holles and Benjamin Valentine while resolutions against Arminianism and illegal exactions were read and declared carried. Coryton was subsequently charged with having aided and abetted Eliot, Holles, and the rest, and even with having assaulted Francis Winterton, member for Dunwich, Suffolk. He was summoned with the other "conspirators" before the Star Chamber, and appeared, but refused to plead on the ground of privilege of parliament. He was accordingly committed a close prisoner to the Tower of London. An application for a habeas corpus made on his behalf in the following May was refused. He made submission, however, was released, and reinstated in his office in the Stannary Courts at some date prior to 16 January 1630. His administration of justice in the Stannary Courts gave much dissatisfaction to suitors, and in or about 1637 he was arrested on a charge of false imprisonment. The matter, however, was not pressed, and on his release he resumed his judicial duties.

In April 1640 Coryton was elected MP for Grampound for the Short Parliament in an apparent double return, and was re-elected MP for Grampound for the Long Parliament in November 1640.[4] He was at the time Mayor of Bossiney and was found guilty on petition of falsifying the returns for the election at the Parliamentary constituency of the same name. He was also found guilty of maladministration in the Stannary Courts and was "not admitted to sit" in Parliament. At the same time he was removed from the office of Vice-Warden of the Stannaries, and also from the Stewardship of the Duchy of Cornwall and Deputy-Lieutenancy of the County of Cornwall which he then held.

Marriage & progeny[edit]

Coryton married Elizabeth Chichester (died 26 January 1656–7), 3rd daughter of Sir John Chichester (d.1586) of Raleigh, Devon, Sheriff of Devon in 1585.[5] By his wife Elizabeth, who survived him, Coryton had four sons and seven daughters, including:

Death & burial[edit]

Coryton died on 1 May 1651 and was buried in the church of St Mellion, near Plymouth. A rhyming inscription on his tomb describes him as

    Both good and great, and yet beloved;
    In judgment just, in trusts approved.

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Duffin & Hunneyball
  2. ^ North Russell in parish of Sourton per History of Parliament biography of William Coryton
  3. ^ Arms of Wrey impaling Coryton shown on monument to John Wrey (d.1597) Esquire and his wife Blanche Killigrew (d.1595) in Tawstock Church, Devon, moved in 1924 from St Ive Church, near Callington, Cornwall (Pevsner, Nikolaus & Cherry, Bridget, The Buildings of England: Devon, London, 2004, p.790)
  4. ^ a b c Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 .... London. pp. 229–239. 
  5. ^ Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitation of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p.174
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Bevil Grenville
John Arundell
Member of Parliament for Cornwall
1624
With: Bevil Grenville
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Killigrew
Charles Trevanion
Preceded by
William Wrey
Nicholas Hele
Member of Parliament for Liskeard
1625
With: Nicholas Hele
Succeeded by
Sir Francis Steward
Joseph Jane
Preceded by
Sir Robert Killigrew
Charles Trevanion
Member of Parliament for Cornwall
1626-1629
With: Sir Francis Godolphin 1626
Sir John Eliot
Succeeded by
Parliament suspended until 1640
Preceded by
Parliament suspended since 1629
Member of Parliament for Grampound
1640
With: John Trevanion
Warwick Mohun
James Campbell
Succeeded by
Sir John Trevor
James Campbell