William Crossman

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Sir William Crossman K.C.M.G. (30 June 1830 – 19 April 1901) was an officer in the Royal Engineers and a Liberal and Liberal Unionist politician.

Life[edit]

Crossman was born at Isleworth, Middlesex,[1] the son of Robert Crossman and his wife Sarah. His father was a brewer of Berwick-upon-Tweed who joined forces with Thomas Paulin to establish a brewery at Isleworth which was to become Mann, Crossman & Paulin. Robert Crossman returned to Berwick and acquired the manor of Holy Island and the family property at Cheswick, Northumberland.[2] In December 1848, Crossman became a lieutenant in the Royal Engineers. He was sent to Western Australia and arrived there on the "Marion" in January 1851[3]

Crossman was in charge of various public works in Australia from 1852 to 1856, and became a Magistrate of the Colony at Albany, Western Australia. He returned to England and from 1857 to 1861, he was under Inspector-General of Fortifications at the War Office, becoming captain in 1858. He then went to Canada where he was temporarily on the staff of Q.M.G., on the march of troops from Halifax to Riviere du Loup in December 1861 and was then Secretary to the Royal Commission on defences of Canada. From 1866 to 1869 he was in charge of Diplomatic and Consular Buildings in China and Japan, and in 1869 at Constantinople too. He was a member of Treasury Committee on the Irish Board of Works in 1870. He was promoted to major in 1872 and to lieutenant-colonel in 1873. From 1874 to 1875 he was Assistant Director of Works for Fortifications. In 1875 he was in charge of the Royal Commission into the Black Flag Rebellion at Griqualand West which was appointed by Lord Carnarvon and sat in Kimberley in January 1876. Crossman was placed in charge of submarine defences at the War Office in 1876 and became colonel in 1878. In 1881 he was on special service to report on the defences of the principal colonies - which included a visit to New Zealand. He was on a Royal Commission to inquire into the Public Revenues of the West Indies from 1882 to 1883. He commanded the Royal Engineers in the Southern District from 1882 to 1885 and was knighted in 1884.[4] On retirement in 1886, he became major-general. He was an associate member of Institute of Civil Engineers.[5]

At the 1885 general election Crossman was elected Member of Parliament for Portsmouth.[6] When the Home Rule Bill split the Liberal Party, Crossman voted against the measure and joined the Liberal Unionists, holding off a challenge from the official Liberal candidate at Portsmouth in 1886.[7] He did not seek re-election in 1892.[6] He was High Sheriff of Northumberland in 1894[8]

Crossman's official residence was Cheswick, Beal, Northumberland, but he died in Plymouth at the age of 70

Family[edit]

Crossman married Catharine Josephine Morley in Albany, Western Australia in 1855 and had sons Robert and Lawrence, and daughters Mary and Alice. On 29 June 1899, he married Annie Richards.[9]

Legacy[edit]

Crossman Road in Kimberley South Africa is named after him.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ British Census 1881 RG11 0046/68 p 57
  2. ^ Tony and Jennifer Bath The History of Winchmore Hill Cricket Club 1980
  3. ^ Albany History Collection
  4. ^ Vetch, R. H.; Jones, M. G. M. (rev) (2004 (online ed. 2008)). "Crossman, Sir William (1830–1901)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 28 April 2009.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  5. ^ Debretts Guide to the House of Commons 1886 (Search under "Grossman")
  6. ^ a b Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 171. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  7. ^ History in Portsmouth The representation of Portsmouth in Parliament
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26494. p. 1517. 13 March 1894. Retrieved 18 March 2008.
  9. ^  Vetch, Robert Hamilton (1912). "Crossman, William". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography, 1912 supplement​. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  10. ^ Kimberley Historical Strees

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Thomas Bruce
Sir Henry Drummond Wolff
Member of Parliament for Portsmouth
18851892
With: Philip Vanderbyl to 1886
Sir Samuel Wilson from 1886
Succeeded by
Sir John Baker
Walter Clough