William Darlington

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William Darlington by John Neagle ca-1825
For the British writer and journalist, see William Aubrey Darlington.

William Darlington (April 28, 1782 – April 23, 1863), physician and botanist, was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.

William Darlington (cousin of Edward Darlington and Isaac Darlington, second cousin of Smedley Darlington) was born in Birmingham, Chester County, Pennsylvania. He attended Friends School at Birmingham and spent his youth on a farm.[1] He became a botanist at an early age, studied medicine, and graduated from the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia in 1804. He went to the East Indies as ship’s surgeon in 1806. He returned to West Chester in 1807 and was a practicing physician there for a number of years. He raised a company of volunteers at the beginning of the War of 1812 and was major of a volunteer regiment.[2]

Darlington's office was in this building of the National Bank of Chester County

Darlington was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the Fourteenth Congress. He was again elected to the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Congresses. He was appointed canal commissioner in 1825, and served as president of the West Chester Railroad.[1]

He established a natural history society in West Chester in 1826 and published several works on botany and natural history. His published works include Mutual Influence of Habits and Disease (1804), Flora cestrica: an attempt to enumerate and describe the flowering and filicoid plants of Chester County in the state of Pennsylvania (1837) and Agricultural Botany (1847).[2] The degree of L.L.D. was conferred on him by Yale University in 1848, and he was awarded a Doctor of Physical Science in 1855 by Dickinson College.[2] The California pitcher plant, Darlingtonia californica, was described by John Torrey in 1853 and named in his honor.[3]

He served as director and president of the National Bank of Chester County from 1830 to 1863. He died in West Chester in 1863, and was interred in Oakland Cemetery.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "DARLINGTON, William, (1782 - 1863)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Wilson, James Grant; John Fiske (1900). Appleton's cyclopaedia of American biography. New York: D. Appleton. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  3. ^ Rice, Barry. "Darlingtonia: the cobra lily; The Carnivorous Plant FAQ v. 11.5". The International Carnivorous Plant Society. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  4. ^ The Political Graveyard
  5. ^ "Author Query for 'Darl.'". International Plant Names Index. 

Historical Marker Database http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=62205

Other Sources[edit]

Preceded by
Samuel Henderson
Roger Davis
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 2nd congressional district

1815-1817

alongside: John Hahn

Succeeded by
Isaac Darlington
Levi Pawling
Preceded by
Isaac Darlington
Levi Pawling
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 2nd congressional district

1819-1823

alongside: Samuel Gross

Succeeded by
Joseph Hemphill