William Delafield Arnold

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William Delafield Arnold (7 April 1828 – 9 April 1859) was a British author and colonial administrator.

He was the fourth son of Thomas Arnold, the headmaster of Rugby School. His older brothers included the poet and critic Matthew Arnold and the literary scholar Tom Arnold. Not long after his father's death in 1842, William, a student at Rugby School, was involved in the writing of the official rules of rugby that are still in effect today: "Rugby Rules were written on August 28, 1845 by three students, William Delafield Arnold, WW Shirley and Frederick Hutchins" (http://www.rugbyfootballhistory.com/laws.htm). Later, William served as an educational administrator in Punjab, in British India, where one of his biggest achievements was to enact a law separating church and state in public schools. As a result, Hindus who attended these schools were no longer required to study the Bible. This policy would later go on to influence public schools in England as well. While working in India, William wrote several articles for "Fraser's Magazine," mainly on "the India question" (see bibliography). In 1853, William published a novel of Anglo-Indian life, Oakfield; or, Fellowship in the East, which explores the inherent "common ground" between spiritual traditions East and West, while also predicting the "mutiny" that would occur shortly after. The character in "Oakfield" is dying of disease contracted in India, while its author is afflicted with the same disease. William died aged thirty-one, at Gibraltar, on his way home from India. Matthew Arnold's poem "A Southern Night" mourns his early death. William's orphaned children were adopted by his sister Jane Martha and her husband William Edward Forster.

His eldest son Edward Penrose Arnold-Forster (1851 – 19 January 1927), was a manufacturer in Yorkshire and deputy lieutenant for the West Riding. Another son Hugh Oakeley Arnold-Forster became a Cabinet minister in the Balfour government.

References[edit]

  • Author and Bookinfo.com
  • Trilling, Lionel (1939) Matthew Arnold. London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd.
  • Gander Ostrander, Diana L., Ph.D. An Anglo-Indian in Search of Wisdom: W. D. Arnold's India Pilgrimage. University of Minnesota, 2007, 237 pages; AAT 3252500.
  • Gander Ostrander, Diana L., Ph.D. "Wordsworth in the Himalayas: Indian Narratology and Sacred Space in William Delafield Arnold's Oakfield: Fellowship in the East." Religion and the Arts 14.1-2 (2010): 34-58. Print.
  • Arnold, William Delafield. “An Anglo-Indian Lament for John Company.” Fraser’s Magazine, Vol. 57, No. 342. May 1858, 635-642.
  • "An Anglo-Indian View of the Indian Crisis.” Fraser’s Magazine Vol. 57, No. 339, March 1858, 269-282.
  • “An Anglo-Indian View of the Indian Crisis: The Second Part.” Fraser’s Magazine Vol. 57, No. 340, April 1858, 473-487.
  • “The Curate of Edenholm.” Fraser’s Magazine. Volume 57, 473-480.
  • German Letter on English Education, by Dr. L. Wiese. Translated by W.D. Arnold. Longmans, 1854.
  • Essay. Short Essays on Social and Indian Subjects Calcutta, 1869, 156-73.
  • “How Queen Victoria Was Proclaimed at Peshawar.” Fraser’s Magazine, Vol. 59, January 1859, 120-126.
  • “India in a Mess.” Fraser’s Magazine, Vol. 58, No. 348. December 1858, 730-741.
  • “India in Mourning: From the Punjab, September 29, 1857.” Fraser’s Magazine. Vol. 56. December 1857, 737-750.
  • “Jack Sepoy.” Fraser’s Magazine, Vol. 54, No. 321. September 1856, 359-362.
  • “Lord Dalhousie.” Fraser’s Magazine, Vol. 52, No. 308. July 1855, 123-135.
  • “Memorandum as to a Central College at Lahore.” January 21, 1856, No. 236 OIOC [Oriental and India Office Collection] P/201/53.
  • “The Night Mail Train in India.” Fraser’s Magazine, Vol. 54, December 1856, 680-684.
  • Oakfield: Fellowship in the East. Edited by Kenneth Allott. Leicester: Leicester UP, 1973.
  • “An Overland Mail Adventure.” Fraser’s Magazine. Vol. 56, No. 319. July 1856, 111-121.
  • “Progress of the India Question.” Fraser’s Magazine. Vol. 47, Number 3089. March 1853, 473-484.
  • “Protestantism: Zwingle and His Times.” Fraser’s Magazine Vol. 53, March 1856, 326-341.
  • The Palace of Westminster, and Other Historical Sketches. London, 1855.
  • “What is the Indian Question?” Fraser’s Magazine. Vol. 47, No. 3089. March 1853, 473-484.

External links[edit]

  • "Oakfield: Fellowship in the East", novel by William Delafield Arnold: