William Donald Borders
William Donald Borders
|Archbishop of Baltimore|
|Installed||March 25, 1974|
|Term ended||April 6, 1989|
|Predecessor||Lawrence Joseph Shehan|
|Successor||William Henry Keeler|
|Other posts||Diocese of Orlando|
|Ordination||June 14, 1968|
October 9, 1913|
|Died||April 19, 2010
William Donald Borders (October 9, 1913 – April 19, 2010) was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He was the 13th Archbishop of Baltimore from 1974 to 1989, having previously served as the first Bishop of Orlando from 1968 to 1974.
Early life and education
Borders was born in Washington, Indiana, the third of seven children of Thomas Martin and Zelpha Ann (née Queen) Borders. His birth came during a flood that lifted his family's house off its foundation and forced the physician to reach their house by boat. After attending Catholic elementary and high school, he began his studies for the priesthood at Saint Meinrad's Seminary in 1932.
He transferred to the Archdiocese of New Orleans in Louisiana in 1936 after Archbishop Joseph Rummel made an appeal for priests and seminarians. He completed his studies at Notre Dame Seminary in New Orleans.
Borders was ordained a priest by Archbishop Rummel on May 18, 1940. He then served as an associate pastor at Sacred Heart Church in Baton Rouge, Louisiana until 1943, when he enlisted in the U.S. Army Chaplain Corps during World War II. He received a month's training at Harvard University before becoming a battalion chaplain with the 362nd Infantry Regiment of the 91st Infantry Division. His regiment trained in North Africa for the Italian Campaign. During an attack on a German position near Florence in 1944, Borders carried a wounded American soldier to safety while under machine gun fire, for which he was awarded the Bronze Star for Valor.
In 1946, Borders left the military service with the rank of Major and returned to Louisiana. He briefly served as an associate pastor at Our Lady of Prompt Succor Church in Westwego, Louisiana before pursuing a graduate degree at the University of Notre Dame in his native Indiana. After earning a Master of Science degree in Education in 1947, he resumed his pastoral ministry in Louisiana as associate pastor at Our Lady of Lourdes Church in New Orleans. He became an assistant chaplain of the Newman Centre at Louisiana State University, eventually rising to become its chaplain. During his tenure at LSU, he spent a summer in Guatemala to better serve his Hispanic students.
Borders served at LSU until 1964, except for a two-year period (1957–1959) when he served as pastor of Holy Family Church in Port Allen, Louisiana. The assignment was his first pastorate, and he there demonstrated his concern for racial equality by ending segregation at the church. He burned the ropes that sectioned off the African American parishioners, who gradually integrated throughout the church.
In 1961, when the Diocese of Baton Rouge was created out of the Archdiocese of New Orleans, Borders was attached to the new diocese. He was raised to the rank of Domestic Prelate by Pope Paul VI in 1963, and named rector of St. Joseph Catholic School the following year. He also served as a diocesan consultor, director of seminarians, and moderator for the diocesan councils of Catholic Men and Women, and co-founded of St. Joseph Cathedral Preparatory School. He attended the last two sessions of the Second Vatican Council as a peritus, or theological expert, on the priesthood and ecumenical relations.
On May 2, 1968, Borders was appointed the first Bishop of the newly erected Diocese of Orlando, Florida. He received his episcopal consecration on the following June 14 from Archbishop Luigi Raimondi, with Bishops Robert Emmet Tracy and Louis Abel Caillouet serving as co-consecrators. He selected as his episcopal motto: "Auscultabo ut Serviam" (Latin: "I listen that I may serve").
During his tenure in Orlando, Borders laid the foundations for the new diocese while also implementing the directives of the Second Vatican Council. He oversaw the creation of parish councils and education boards, allowed the laity to serve as extraordinary ministers of Holy Communion, and formed a Sisters' Council for the nuns of the diocese. He created a Social Services Board to correlate the work of already-existing agencies, and developed a comprehensive educational program aimed at coordinating efforts in Catholics schools, campus ministry, and religious education. He also initiated social outreach centers to minister to migrant workers and the poor.
Following the retirement of Cardinal Lawrence Shehan, Borders was appointed the 13th Archbishop of Baltimore, Maryland, on March 25, 1974. He was formally installed at the Cathedral of Mary Our Queen on June 26 of that year. He received the pallium, a vestment worn by metropolitan bishops, from Pope Paul VI at St. Peter's Basilica on March 24, 1975. As head of the nation's oldest Catholic diocese, he held the status of primus inter pares among the American Catholic bishops.
During his 15-year tenure in Baltimore, Borders divided the archdiocese into three vicariates and appointed his auxiliary bishops as vicars over them. He reorganized the Archdiocesan Central Services, naming cabinet-level secretaries to carry out the administrative work of the archdiocese. He clarified and strengthened the role of the Archdiocesan Pastoral Council, and combined the Board of Consultors and the Senate of Priests to form the Priests' Council. He initiated a Department of Pastoral Planning and Management looking to the future needs of the archdiocese, an Office of Fund Development to carry out an effective stewardship program, and an evangelization effort to reach the "unchurched" in the Archdiocese. Instead of living at the residence at the Basilica of the Assumption, he lived alone at the former sexton's lodge, which is now the gift shop of the basilica.
Borders became what Baltimore Magazine called the "king of the soup kitchens". Under his leadership in Baltimore, the budget for Catholic Charities grew from $2.5 million a year to $33 million a year, and its staff grew from 200 to more than 1,000. He regularly lobbied members of Congress and other government officials on behalf of the disadvantaged. In the fall of 1981, in company with other leading Catholic educators, he made a three-week tour of the Peoples Republic of China to investigate the possibilities for an exchange of cultural and educational programs between that nation and the United States.
Borders was among those named in two lawsuits involving clergy sexual abuse, one in Baltimore in 1993 and another in Orlando in 2003. In both cases, he was accused of knowing about alleged abuse by priests in his dioceses but avoiding action against them. The conditions of the Baltimore settlement remain confidential; the Orlando case was settled without Borders' admitting any wrongdoing.
As a member of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, he chaired the Committee on Education and served on the Committee on Human Values, the Administrative Board of the U.S. Catholic Conference, and the Administrative Committee of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops. He also chaired the Ad Hoc Committee for the Bicentennial of the U.S. Hierarchy.
Later life and death
After reaching the mandatory retirement age of 75, Borders submitted his letter of resignation to Pope John Paul II, who accepted his resignation on April 6, 1989. His successor was William Henry Keeler, then serving as Bishop of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
In 2003, Borders moved to the Mercy Ridge Retirement Community in Lutherville, Maryland. He later moved to Stella Maris Hospice in nearby Timonium, Maryland, after being diagnosed with colon cancer. He died at Stella Maris at age 96 — the fourth-oldest living Catholic bishop in the United States, and the longest-surviving of the bishops of both Orlando and Baltimore.
- "Archbishop William Donald Borders". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. 4 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
- "Most Rev. William D. Borders". Archdiocese of Baltimore. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
- "Statement of Archbishop Edwin O'Brien on the Death of Archbishop William D. Borders" (Press release). Archdiocese of Baltimore. 19 April 2010. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
- Matysek, Jr., George P. (20 April 2010). "Archbishop Borders of Baltimore, dies at 96". National Catholic Reporter (ncronline). Retrieved 2013-11-15.
- Palmo, Rocco (9 October 2008). "In Charm City, "Ironman" Hits 95". Whispers in the Loggia. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
- Schoettler, Carl (7 May 2005). "Courageous chaplain". The Baltimore Sun (Archdiocese of Baltimore). Retrieved 2013-11-15.
- "Distinguished Alumnus Award conferral speech given at the 1995 Alumni Reunion". Saint Meinrad School of Theology. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
- Kay, Liz F.; Green, Erica L. (19 April 2010). "Archbishop Borders dies at age 96". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
- "History: Bishop William Borders". Diocese of Orlando. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
- Palmo, Rocco (21 July 2009). "The Bishop of the Moon". Whispers in the Loggia. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
- "Archbishops of Baltimore: William D. Borders (1974-1989)". Cathedral of Mary Our Queen. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
- "Archbishop Borders moved into hospice care". The Baltimore Sun. 1 April 2010. Retrieved 2013-11-15.
- Most Rev. William D. Borders, 13th Archbishop of Baltimore (Ordinaries Detail) – Archdiocese of Baltimore.
- Coat of Arms of His Excellency The Most Reverend William Donald Borders, D.D. Archbishop of Baltimore – Archdiocese of Baltimore.
- Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
- Cathedral of Mary Our Queen
- Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Baltimore
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Orlando
|Catholic Church titles|
|Bishop of Orlando
Thomas Joseph Grady
|Archbishop of Baltimore
William Henry Keeler