William Douglas, 1st Duke of Queensberry

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For other people named William Douglas, see William Douglas (disambiguation).
The 1st Duke of Queensberry.

William Douglas, 1st Duke of Queensberry PC (1637–1695), also 3rd Earl of Queensberry and 1st Marquess of Queensberry, was a Scottish politician.[1][2][3]

He was the son of James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Queensberry and his second wife Margaret Stewart, daughter of John Stewart, 1st Earl of Traquair. He succeeded his father as Earl of Queensberry in 1671 and took his seat in the Parliament of Scotland on 12 June 1672.[4]

He was appointed a Scottish Privy Councillor in 1667, Lord Justice General from 1680 to 1682, and Lord High Treasurer of Scotland from 1682 to 1686. He was created Marquess of Queensberry on 11 February 1682 and Duke of Queensberry on 3 November 1684, with remainder to his heirs male. He refused to support James II's measures against the established church in 1685. He was Lord President of the Privy Council from 1686 to 1689. In 1687 he was accused of maladministration by the Earl of Perth and was stripped of his appointments. From 1685 he was one of the lords of the Privy Council for both Scotland and England.

He married Lady Isabel Douglas, daughter of William Douglas, 1st Marquess of Douglas and Lady Mary Gordon, in 1657, and they had issue:

  1. Lady Anne Douglas (d. 23 February 1700)
  2. William Douglas, 1st Earl of March (d. 2 September 1705)
  3. George Douglas
  4. James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry (b. 18 December 1672, d. circa 1711)

References[edit]

  1. ^ G. E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume X, page 694.
  2. ^ Record for William Douglas, 1st Marquess of Queensberry at www.thepeerage.com
  3. ^  "Douglas, William (1637-1695)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  4. ^ Records of the Parliaments of Scotland, 1672/6/3. Date accessed: 5 October 2014.
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Balcarres
Lord High Treasurer of Scotland
1682–1686
In commission
Parliament of Scotland
Preceded by
The Duke of York and Albany
Lord High Commissioner
1685
Succeeded by
The Earl of Moray
Legal offices
Preceded by
Sir George Mackenzie of Tarbat
Lord Justice General
1680 – 1682
Succeeded by
James Drummond
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
James Douglas
Earl of Queensberry
1671 – 1695
Succeeded by
James Douglas
New creation Marquess of Queensberry
1682 – 1695
Duke of Queensberry
1684 – 1695