William Francis Dufty (February 2, 1916 – June 28, 2002) was an American writer, musician, and activist. Including ghostwriting, he wrote approximately 40 books.
Dufty produced some autobiographical notes in the first chapter, "It is necessary to be personal", of his book Sugar Blues (1975):
- We spent our summers at Crystal Lake until I was twelve or thirteen. By that time I was making $75 a week in the wintertime season – an undreamed of fortune in those days – as a prodigal jazz pianist on the radio...The day my voice began to change was the beginning of the end of my radio career. If my voice didn’t sound childlike any more, there was nothing remarkable about the way I played the piano.:14
- In the twenties I had been so rich I never carried a cent on me. In the thirties – mooching my way through college holding a job or two on the side – I was so poor I put every cent on my back where it would show…I took to collegiate journalism as a kind of lark. There I discovered that the cigarette companies virtually subsidized the university paper with their advertising.:17
After suffering through two years of college, I finally dropped out. It took daring in those days to dream of facing life without a degree. But I could sniff another war in the offing...I was drafted in 1942…:18
- In due course my body was shipped overseas. Bound for Britain, I trotted around the top deck of the blacked out S.S. Mauretania with a carbine on by shoulder and a heavy Army greatcoat soaked with Atlantic spray. Two hours on, two hours off. By the time we docked in Liverpool, I had a lovely case of walking pneumonia.:19
- Eventually, I was packed off by train to Glasgow, by ship to Algiers, then by truck to Oran in the Mediterranean. Three weeks in the desert and I was as good as new...After the landings in southern France, I was packed off to join the First French Army: Arabs, Senegalese, Goums, Sihks, Vietnamese, with French officers and noncoms. We lived off the land, no fancy rations and luxuries. Some brought along pots and pans, ducks and geese, sheep and goats, wives and mistresses...We lived on horsemeat, rabbit, squirrel, dark French peasant bread, and whatever else could be scrounged. Winter in the Vosges mountains was brutal and endless, yet I never had a cold or a sniffle.:20
The 100th Infantry Battalion and the 442nd Infantry Regiment, troops of Japanese Americans, were also stationed in the Vosges mountains, and Dufty, already conversant in French and German, apparently began to undertake a study of the Japanese language, a study that would lead in 1965 to the publication of Georges Ohsawa’s book You Are All Sanpaku.
After the war he moved to New York and began a newspaper career. His columns and exposés for the New York Post drew acclaim, including one that charged that the FBI bungled cases under J. Edgar Hoover's leadership. He was awarded the George Polk Award for an expose on immigrants.
Dufty had one son, Bevan Dufty, with first wife Maely Bartholomew, who had arrived in New York City during World War II after losing most of her family in the Nazi concentration camps. She settled near Harlem where she met her best friend and Bevan's godmother, Billie Holiday. They later divorced and Maely raised Bevan as a single mother. Bevan Dufty announced on September 24, 2009, that he would be a candidate for Mayor of San Francisco in the 2011 election.
Ghostwriting and publishing
Dufty took Billie Holiday's oral history and wrote Lady Sings the Blues ("Billie Holiday with William Dufty") in 1956, which in turn was made into a 1972 movie starring Diana Ross in the title role.
He spoke often to students there about one of his most beloved causes, trade unionism. Dufty was an organizer for the United Auto Workers, wrote speeches for former UAW President Walter Reuther, edited Michigan Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) News and handled publicity for Americans for Democratic Action.
It was, however, the marriage of his devotion to healthy eating, spirituality and writing for which he is best known.
- If you've ever gone through this kind of medical rigmarole, as I and millions of others have, one ends up a little bitter, with a sense of mission.
In the 1960s, he met Gloria Swanson, an enthusiast for macrobiotic diets, who introduced him to the macrobiotic culture and convinced him that white sugar was unsafe. Dufty then undertook a program of research of the impact that sugar has had, and wrote Sugar Blues in 1975.
Dufty practiced and promoted macrobiotics; a low-fat, high-fiber diet of whole grains, vegetables, sea algae, and seeds, that are prepared in accordance with specific principles, said to synchronize eating habits with the cycles of nature.
He became good friends with Japanese artist Yoko Ono and her husband, musician and former Beatle, John Lennon after producing an English edition of Nyoiti Sakurazawa's You Are All Sanpaku; the book credited with starting the macrobiotic food movement in America.
Marriage and death
Dufty and Swanson were married, she for the sixth time, he for the second time, in 1976. He helped her write her autobiography, Swanson on Swanson in 1981.
After Swanson's death in 1983, he returned to his home state and birthplace of Michigan, settling in Metro Detroit. From there he continued to lecture, write newspaper and magazine articles and teach macrobiotics to a new generation. Dufty died at age 86 on June 28, 2002 at his home in Birmingham, Michigan.
- 1956: Lady Sings the Blues, Billie Holiday with William Dufty
- 1958: My Father- My Son, Edward G Robinson, Jr. with William Dufty
- 1966: Spoiled Priest: the Autobiography of an Ex-Priest, Gabriel Longo, University Books
- 1969: Mannequin My Life as a Model, Carolyn Kenmore, Bartholomew House Press
- 1975: Sugar Blues
- 1980: Swanson on Swanson, Gloria Swanson, Random House
- Wm. Dufty (1975) Sugar Blues
- Wayne State University
- George Polk Award recipient, liu.edu; accessed November 8, 2014.
- (http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2009/09/23/BA3619RE61.DTL "Dufty says he's in mayor's race", San Francisco Chronicle; accessed November 8, 2014.
- book cover
- Hamlin, Jesse (August 24, 2010). "Billie Holiday's bio, 'Lady Sings the Blues,' may be full of half-truths, but it gets at jazz great's core". San Francisco Chronicle.
- Obituary: William Dufty from The Daily Telegraph
- Myrna Oliver, William Dufty obituary, Los Angeles Times, July 4, 2002.