William Faulkner Foundation
The William Faulkner Foundation (1960-1970) was a charitable organization founded by the novelist William Faulkner in 1960 to support various charitable causes, all educational or literary in nature.
The foundation programs included the William Faulkner Foundation Award for notable first novel; the Ibero-American Award; a scholarship for first-year University of Virginia undergraduates showing talent in creative writing; scholarships for African-Americans from Mississippi seeking higher education; and monetary gifts to a Boy Scouts of America "Negro summer camp" in Mississippi.
The fund's assets derived primarily from Faulkner's Nobel Prize for Literature, and in later years, an "Associates" group contributed further funds. Faulkner also donated to the foundation, over several stages, all of the manuscripts that he had placed on deposit for safekeeping at the University of Virginia library. In 1968, Harold Ober Associates donated to the foundation "certain original records of William Faulkner."
Founding Members of the Foundation included William Faulkner, Linton R. Massey Jr., Faulkner's daughter Jill Faulkner Summers and her husband, Paul Summers Jr. After Faulkner's death in 1962, his widow Estelle Faulkner joined the Foundation.
The foundation was dissolved in 1970 and all its assets conveyed to the University of Virginia.
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- This is about the William Faulkner Award, not the William Faulkner Prize or PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction
The original intent of the foundation's two literary awards was to support young writers. The William Faulkner Foundation Award for notable first novel was judged by young faculty at the University of Virginia because "Faulkner felt that young persons can best understand and judge young writers.". The other award, The Ibero-American award, was inspired by Faulkner's visit to Venezuela in 1961, which he had undertaken as part of a cultural diplomacy effort to improve U.S.-Venezuelan relations. Faulkner realized on the trip how many excellent novels by young Latin American writers were not translated in to English, and wanted the award to ameliorate the situation. The award and was originally intended to support young writers, but was revised after the project was undertaken, and was awarded for excellence regardless of age, so long as the novel was published after World War II. It was judged by individuals from across Latin America, and the winning novel was to be translated into English at the expense of the Foundation.
Winners of William Faulkner Foundation Award for notable first novel
- 1961 John Knowles, A Separate Peace
- 1962 Lawrence Sargent Hall, Stowaway
- 1963 Reynolds Price, A Long and Happy Life
- 1964 Thomas Pynchon, V.
- 1965 Charles Simmons, Powdered Eggs
- 1966 Cormac McCarthy, The Orchard Keeper
- 1967 Robert Coover, The Origin of the Brunists
- 1968 Frederick Exley, A Fan's Notes
- 1969 Robert Stone, A Hall of Mirrors
- 1970 Larry Woiwode, What I'm Going to Do, I Think
Winners of Ibero-American Award
- Los enemigos del hombre by Eduardo Mallea, Argentina
- Los deshabitados by Marcelo Quiroga Santa Cruz, Bolivia
- Vidas Sêcas by Graciliano Ramos, Brazil
- Coronación by José Donoso, Chile
- Marcos Ramírez by Carlos Luis Fallas Sibaja, Costa Rica
- El Buen Ladrón by Marcio Veloz Maggiolo, Dominican Republic
- El Señor Presidente by Miguel Angel Asturias, Guatemala
- Los Forzados de Gamboa by Joaquín Belaño, Panama
- Hijo de hombre by Roa Bastos, Paraguay
- Los ríos profundos by José María Arguedas, Peru
- La vispera del hombre by René Marqués, Puerto Rico
- El astillero by Juan Carlos Onetti, Uruguay
- Cumboto by Ramón Díaz Sánchez, Venezuela. This novel was selected for translation into English. The translation by John Upton was published by the University of Texas Press, 1969.
- Corporate records of the William Faulkner Foundation at the Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library at the University of Virginia
- Papers of Linton Massey relating to the William Faulkner Collection and the William Faulkner Foundation at the Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library at the University of Virginia
- Papers Concerning the Ibero-American Project, 1961-1973 at the Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library at the University of Virginia
- William Faulkner Foundation, "Minutes of Annual Meeting of Board of Directors," 1968. William Faulkner Foundation Corporate Records.
- University of Virginia Information Service, press release (February 2, 1964). William Faulkner Foundation Corporate Records (MSS 9817-j), Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, U.Va.
- Joseph Blotner, Faulkner: A Biography: One-Volume Edition (New York: Random House 1984), 687