William Gopallawa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
William Gopallawa
විලියම් ගොපල්ලව
வில்லியம் கோபள்ளவா
William Gopallawa.JPG
1st President of Sri Lanka
In office
22 May 1972 – 4 February 1978
Preceded by Inaugural holder
Succeeded by Junius Richard Jayewardene
Governor-General of Ceylon
In office
2 March 1962 – 22 May 1972
Monarch Elizabeth II
Preceded by Oliver Ernest Goonetilleke
Succeeded by Office abolished
Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement
In office
16 August 1976 – 4 February 1978
Preceded by Houari Boumédienne
Succeeded by Junius Richard Jayawardene
Personal details
Born (1897-09-17)17 September 1897
Matale, British Ceylon
(now in Sri Lanka)
Died 31 January 1981(1981-01-31) (aged 83)
Colombo, Sri Lanka
Spouse(s) Seelawathie Gopallawa
(née Rambukwella)
Children 5
Alma mater St. Anthony’s College, Kandy
Religion Theravada Buddhism

William Gopallawa (Sinhala: විලියම් ගොපල්ලව, Tamil: வில்லியம் கோபள்ளவா), MBE (17 September 1897 – 31 January 1981) was the last Governor-General of Ceylon from 1962 to 1972 and became the first (non-executive) President of Sri Lanka when Ceylon declared itself a republic in 1972 and changed its name to Sri Lanka. Until 1972, Ceylon was a Commonwealth realm with Queen Elizabeth II as the head of state and Queen of Ceylon. He was well known as an austere, nonpartisan and statesmanlike figure who commanded the respect of all political parties.

He represented an era where politics was conducted with a dignified aura and he had a reputation as being a man of integrity and humility. He served as Governor-General during the tenure of different governments headed by the SLFP led regime of Sirimavo Bandaranaike and the UNP led regime of Dudley Senanayake. He upheld the law and the constitution to the letter and won respect and admiration of all political parties.

Early life[edit]

William Gopallawa was born on 17 September 1897 at the Dullewe Maha Walauwa, Dullewe in the Matale District of Ceylon. He is related to Dullewe Dissava, a signatory on behalf of the Sinhalese to the Kandiyan Convention of 1815, by his mother Tikiri Kumarihamy Dullewe. His father, Tikiri Bandara Gopallaw died when he was three years old.[1]

He received his primary education at the Dullewe village school and at St. John's College, Kandy. He continued his secondary education at Dharmaraja College, Kandy where he was a well known Scout and later moved to St.Anthony’s College, Kandy.[1] After having sat the Cambridge Senior Certificate Examination in 1917 he returned to his home town Matale and joined as the tutorial staff of Buddhist English School, Matale (now Vijaya College) and was also instrumental in setting up a library and a scout troop for the benefit of the students there. In 1920 William joined the Ceylon Law College, Colombo and was enrolled as a Proctor and Notary Public in 1924. He was in active practice in Matale, Dumbara and Kandy from 1924 until he took up duties as Municipal Commissioner, Kandy in 1939.

President William Gopallawa and First Lady Seela Gopallawa with Diyawadana Nilame Dr. Nissanka Wijeyeratne at the Sri Dalada Maligawa, Kandy.

Political life[edit]

In 1926 Gopallawa contested and won in the Matale Urban Council Elections and served continuously in the council for a period of 13 years from 1926 - 1939. He served as the chairman of the Matale Urban Council for 5 years, at his office he was the youngest Urban Council Chairman in Ceylon at that time. In 1936 Gopallawa unsuccessfully contested for the Matale seat at the State Council Elections in 1936. In 1939 the Kandy Municipal Council was established and Gopallawa was appointed as the first Municipal Commissioner of Kandy. He served in that capacity throughout World War II and acquitted himself for efficiency during the great floods in 1950. In 1951 he was appointment as Municipal Commissioner of Colombo Municipal Council and served until 1957 when he stepped down from the post.

Diplomatic role[edit]

On 18 June 1958 when S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike's government started diplomatic relations with People's Republic of China Gopallawa was posted as the second Ambassador to China in 1960. On 7 September 1961, while he was serving in China, he was called back and posted as the Ambassador to the United States; he served there until 1962.

Governor-General of Ceylon & President of Sri Lanka[edit]

In 1962, he was called back to Ceylon, after his son in law's sister, the then prime minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike nominated Gopallawa as Governor-General of Ceylon following Sir Oliver Goonetilleke's implication in the attempted military coup earlier that year. He was the second Ceylonese Governor-General and the first Buddhist to hold the post as the representative of Queen Elizabeth II who was the Head of State. Gopallawa served in this capacity until 1972.

His constitutional decision to invite the UNP which won the majority of Parliamentary seats in the 1965 general election, (but not enough for an absolute majority) is heralded as a landmark moment where he respected the nation's constitution and its people's wishes more than the wishes of the defeated SLFP government (that appointed him as GG) which wanted him to delay inviting the winning party to form the government. It averted a major crisis of leadership.

When Ceylon became the Republic of Sri Lanka on 2 March 1972, Gopallawa became the first President. He stepped down from office in February 1978 when then Prime Minister Junius Richard Jayewardene became President following constitutional changes that effected the creation of an executive Presidency.

Faith[edit]

While he was a devout Buddhist, he respected all faiths and never failed to attend the annual Vel Hindu ceremony and never failed to host Christmas carols and also attended various Muslim ceremonies in his role as titual head of state; he was acutely cognizant of his role as a uniter of all Sri Lankans during his tenure. He was the first to establish a spartan Buddhist Shrine room at the Queen's House.

Family[edit]

Gopallawa married Seelawathie Rambukwella Gopallawa;they had 5 children. He was survived by 4 children out of 5. One died early on while he was still working in Matale. His eldest daughter Chandrika Iranganie married Dr. Mackie Ratwatte, the private secretary and a brother of Sirimavo Bandaranaike. His oldest son Asoka is a highly successful entrepreneur businessman,His Second daughter Chinthamani, was a teacher and landed proprietor and his youngest son Monty Gopallawa who died in 2005 was a very popular member of parliament and an affable cabinet minister in the government of President Chandrika Kumaratunga (daughter of Sirimavo Bandaranaike). He had 13 grandchildren; Chandhaka, Dhammika, Mano, Anushka, Devika, Avanthi, Sureka, Lehka, Shiranthani, Ashani, Mahen, Shanika and Dilani

Honours[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Basnayake, Richard (30 January 2009). "William Gopallawa". Daily News (Sri Lanka). Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  2. ^ William Gopallawa, the first President

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
President of Sri Lanka
1972–1978
Succeeded by
Junius Richard Jayewardene
Preceded by
Sir Oliver Ernest Goonetilleke
Governor-General of Ceylon
1962–1972
Succeeded by
Abolished
Political offices
Preceded by
Houari Boumédienne
Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement
1976–1978
Succeeded by
Junius Richard Jayewardene