William Guy Carr
|William Guy Carr|
2 June 1895|
Formby, Lancashire, England
|Died||2 October 1959
|Service/branch||Royal Canadian Navy|
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
William James Guy Carr (R.D. Commander R.C.N. (R)) (June 2, 1895 - October 2, 1959) was an English-born Canadian naval officer and an author. Though his accounts of wartime naval experiences found a general audience, he is best remembered today as a conspiracy theorist, "the most influential source in creating the American Illuminati demonology", according to the American folklorist Bill Ellis. Carr was also the author of famous books on the English submarine war as well as a popular lecturer.
Born in Formby (Lancashire, England), Carr was educated in Scotland, and went to sea at the age of fourteen. He served as navigating officer of H.M.S. Submarines during World War I (see: Royal Navy Submarine Service) and as naval control officer and senior naval officer in World War II. In World War II he was naval control officer for the St. Lawrence, then staff officer operations at Shelburne, Nova Scotia, then senior naval officer at Goose Bay, Labrador. As an officer on the staff of Commodore Reginald W. Brock he organized the 7th Victory Loan for the twenty-two Royal Canadian Naval Training Divisions.
His experiences in the submarine fleet in World War I became the subject of By Guess and By God (1930), prefaced by his superior, Admiral S.S. Hall of the Submarine Service. Going through several printings, it was followed by sequels, including Hell's Angels of the Deep (1932). In 1931, he started giving conferences in different Canadian clubs on the topic of "International conspiracy" which was subdivided in two main subjects: "International communism" and "International capitalism", both controlled by the Illuminati and what he called the "International bankers" which, according to Carr, are represented mainly by the Rothschild and the Rockefeller families.
After working for the Canadian Intelligence Service during World War II (he was a senior naval officer at Goose Bay, Labrador) he wrote Checkmate in the North (1944), a book where he wrote that an invasion of the Axis forces was supposed to take place in the area of the Goose Bay Air Base. During 1944 and 1945 he gave other conferences on world conspiracies.
In the 1950s, after he retired from the Navy, Carr's writings turned essentially to conspiracy themes from a firmly Christian standpoint. With his Pawns in the Game (1955) and Red Fog over America (1955) he became one of the most famous post-war conspiracy theorists (500,000 copies sold of Pawns in the Game before his death). This success of Carr is closely linked to the fear of communism and the Cold War atmosphere.
According to the Political Research Associates :
Carr promoted the anti-Semitic variant on conspiracism with books such as Pawns in the Game and Red Fog over America. Carr Believes that an age-old Jewish Illuminati banking conspiracy used radio-transmitted mind control on behalf of Lucifer to construct a one world government. The secret nexus of the plot was supposedly the international Bilderberger meetings on banking policy. The anti-Semitic Noontide Press distributed Pawns in the Game for many years.
Carr's works were notably influenced by the writings of Nesta Webster and the well known French hoaxer Léo Taxil (see Taxil hoax). He also refers to the theories of l'abbé Augustin Barruel and John Robison who explained the French Revolution as a Freemasonic plot linked to the German Illuminati of Adam Weishaupt (frequently associated to the conspiracy theory of the New World Order). One of Carr's books published after his death, The Conspiracy to Destroy All Existing Governments and Religions clearly refers to Robison's main work: Proofs of a Conspiracy Against All the Religions and Governments of Europe Carried on in the Secret Meetings of Freemasons, Illuminati and Reading Societies (1798).
According to the French philosopher and historian Pierre-André Taguieff, the works of Carr (especially Pawns in the Game), "largely contributed to popularise the themes of anti-Masonic conspiracism in the United States and in Canada; first, it reached the Christian fundamentalist milieu (mainly concerned with his "Luciferian" conspiracies), then the whole far-right movement and the new generations of conspiracy theorists". Even Dan Brown - although he probably had his information from a different source - includes in his novel Angels & Demons an interpretation of the Illuminati through an American one dollar bill that repeats the main arguments of Carr in Pawns in the Game.
The first editions of Carr's book were mainly published by the Federation of Christian Laymen. Carr was actually the president of the Federation of Christian Laymen (Toronto). He directed the monthly anti-Masonic newsletter of the association: News Behind the News (Willowdale, Toronto, Vol. 1, # 1, 1956-) where he published numerous articles discussing the power of the Illuminati in U.S. and world affairs. In that paper, Carr defends the politics of the Wisconsin anti-Communist Senator Joseph McCarthy.
The political ideas of this Christian association were close to those of John Horne Blackmore the first leader of the Social Credit Party of Canada and Ron Gostick, another important member of the same party. Carr's Federation was closely linked with the Californian Council of Christian Laymen (1949–1964), especially with Alfred Kohlberg, Edward Geary Lansdale and Stan Steiner. The council also distributed Carr's News Behind the News ; its president was Verne Paul Kaub who was also known for being an anti-communist and a conspiracy theory author. During the 1950s, both organisations fought communism and were involved in a campaign against water fluoridation (brochure, 1956; articles about this topic were also published in News Behind the News in 1958). The historian Daniel Pipes studied this particular case and he mentions that "in the 1950s, the National Federation of Christian Laymen portrayed fluorine as the 'devil's poison'" and considered its addition to drinking water (to prevent tooth decay) "one of the most dastardly plots ever attempted against the human race".
Carr died in Ontario.
The three world wars
One of Carr's most lasting contributions to modern-day conspiracy theory was his discussion of an alleged plan for three world wars (often referred as the 3WW), which he believed was developed by Confederate general and Masonic scholar Albert Pike.
In Pawns in the Game, Carr claims that World War I was fought in order to enable the Illuminati to overthrow the powers of the Tsars in Russia and to turn that country into the stronghold of atheistic-communism. The differences stirred up by the agents of the Illuminati between the British and German Empires were used to foment the war. After the war ended, communism was bolstered and used to destroy other governments and weaken religions. After this, World War II was fomented by using the differences between fascists and political Zionists. This war was fought so that Nazism would be destroyed and the power of political Zionism increased, so that the sovereign state of Israel could be established in Palestine. During World War II, international communism was built up until its strength equaled that of united Christendom. At this point it was contained and kept in check until required for the final social cataclysm.
Moving into the future, Carr claimed that a report came into his possession through the Canadian Intelligence Service of an alleged speech in 1952 by Rabbi Emanuel Rabinovich, in which it was made known that the Secret Powers wished to precipitate World War III within five years. Small nations would ally with either Russia or the United States, with Israel remaining neutral. The book quotes Rabinovich saying that there will be no more white race and no more religions. Towards the end of the book, Carr states that "people who wish to remain free can follow only one plan of action. They must support Christianity against all forms of atheism and secularism." 
Confusion has arisen as to the precise source of Carr's three world-war scenario. As is the case with many of his claims, Carr does not provide a source for that scenario, but mentions a letter written by Pike and addressed to Italian revolutionary leader Giuseppe Mazzini, which outlines a plan for unleashing "Nihilists and Atheists", after World War Three has ended. The confusion increased when Michael Haupt launched his website threeworldwars.com, which mistakenly assumed that Carr also attributed the World War Three scenario to the Pike letter. In fact, the authenticity of this letter is disputed. Carr states that he learned about the letter from the anti-Mason, Cardinal José María Caro Rodríguez of Santiago, Chile, author of The Mystery of Freemasonry Unveiled (Hawthorne, California, Christian Book Club of America, 1971). However, Carr's later book, Satan, Prince of This World (written in 1959), includes the following footnote: "The Keeper of manuscripts recently informed the author that this letter is NOT cataloged in the British Museum Library. It seems strange that a man of Cardinal Rodriguez's knowledge should have said that it WAS in 1925." More recently, the British Museum confirmed in writing to researcher Michael Haupt that such a document has never been in their possession. Pierre-André Taguieff states that Carr gave an ultimate and synthetic account[clarification needed] of this "legend" that links together the Illuminati, Mazzini and Pike in a satanic plot for world domination.
The reference Terry Melanson gives a good treatment of the Pike letter, to show the origin of the account of unleashing the nihilists, and that a three world war scenario is not to be found in that material. Michael Haupt had taken the three world war theory from the introduction of Carr's Pawns in the Game (1958). This introduction outlines a plan that Carr attributes to Pike, but not to the letter from Pike to Mazzini. Only the last section of the three world war plan in Haupt's text is a quote attributed to the letter from Pike to Mazzini. This quote is virtually identical to the one in Rodrique's book and it can be traced to the book Le diable au XIXe siècle (1894) by Gabriel Jagond-Pager a.k.a. Leo Taxil, where it is claimed to be from a letter of Pike to Mazzini written in 1871. This quote was later considered to describe the Bolshevik revolution, but whether a hoax or not, it predates 1917. The book of Jagond-Pager is enlisted in the British Museum, which is what Rodrigues meant by his statement, and it contains the full letter be it hoax or not. The plan attributed to Pike is also described in part in Le Palladisme by Margiotta and it seems to describe the same plan as in Jagond-Pager's book, so possible that in this case the famous hoaxer Leo Taxil actually refers to some existing letter, but Dominico Margiotta may be another pseudonym of Jacond-Pager. There is nothing of the three world war plan in this letter, and nothing especially prophetic, it simply describes a Freemasonry plan to overthrow all religions.
The conspiracy of the Synagogue of Satan
Carr's books often discuss a Luciferian conspiracy by what he calls the "World Revolutionary Movement," but he later attributed the conspiracy more specifically to the "Synagogue of Satan." The term "Synagogue of Satan" was not a reference to Judaism. Carr wrote, "I wish to make it clearly and emphatically known that I do not believe the Synagogue of Satan (S.O.S.) is Jewish, but, as Christ told us for a definite purpose, it is comprised of 'I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan.' (Rev. 2:9 and 3:9)".
This quote is taken from Satan, Prince of this World, the book Carr had been working on at the time of his death. It was edited by his elder son W.J. Carr, Jr. and presented as the: "last manuscript [of the author] exposing the Luciferian Conspiracy, Satanism, secret societies and the Synagogue of Satan as driving forces behind the World Revolutionary Movement". Carr's son also mentions he did not publish some parts of the manuscript because many references were missing.
One of the most interesting things to note about Carr's Luciferian conspiracies, is that he believes they were already at work during Christ's time. As Taguieff points out, there is a transhistorical scheme in Carr's idea of world conspiracy. In this kind of philosophy of history anticipating a final "World Government", the Illuminati are part of a satanic historical force that contributes to the evil original plot. According to that point of view Carr believes that there are "natural born" conspiracists which is nothing more for Taguieff than myth and paranoia invented from a delirious worldview. It is indeed an original aspect of Carr's theories since most plot theorists usually start their "genealogy" with the modern age, especially with the French Revolution. As a Christian traditionalist, Carr believes that the world conspiracy is based on a Manichaean way of thinking, this view is common to many anti-Mason and anti-Communist conspiracy theorist, starting from Nesta Webster. There is another common variant seeing the world conspiracy being based on the Sabbatean/Frankist teachings, but it also acknowledges Manichaean influences.
Whatever the source of the alleged plan for three world wars, it has become a topic for discussion among fringe conspiracy believers, and is cited in seminal conspiracy books such as Des Griffin's Fourth Reich of the Rich (1976) who published the fourth edition of Pawns in the Game and a cassette tape of one of Carr's speeches in Chicago in his own publishing house, Emissary Publications (Colton, Oregon).
Carr also inspired Dan Smoot (The Invisible Government, 1962), Gary Allen (The Rockefeller File, 1976), Phoebe Courtney, (Beware Metro and Regional Government, 1973), Richard T. Osborne (The Great International Conspiracy, 1974; and lately The Coming of World War III, 2006), Myron C. Fagan, (Audio Document (LP): The Illuminati and The Council on Foreign Relations, recorded in 1967-1968, ed. by a group calling themselves the Sons of Liberty. Fagan outlines the Illuminati world elite plans of global conspiracy for the New World Order and world domination), David Icke (The Biggest Secret, 1999), Jan van Helsing, and the French Canadian Social Credit Party member Serge Monast (1945–1996) who pretended to be Carr's disciple. All these plot theorists argue for the continuing influence of the Illuminati as Carr suggested it in his two main works.
The works of Carr and his influence among conspiracy theorists has been studied by the American historian Daniel Pipes (1997) and the folklorist Bill Ellis (2000). The French philosopher and historian Pierre-André Taguieff recently wrote La Foire aux illuminés: Ésotérisme, théorie du complot, extrémisme (2005) (The Illuminati fair: esotericism, plot theory, extremism) where he makes an analysis of Pawns in the Game. He shows that Carr belongs to a tradition of conspiracy theorists that goes far back to l'abbé Augustin Barruel and is represented by the Protocols of the Elders of Zion (frequently quoted in Carr's work) in the twentieth century. Taguieff also studied Carr's theories in L'imaginaire du complot mondial: Aspects d'un mythe moderne (The world plot imaginary: about a modern myth), 2006).
Since 1998, Carr's most famous books (Pawns in the Game, The Conspiracy to Destroy All Existing Governments and Religions and Satan, Prince of this World) were translated in French. His French editor Jacques Delacroix is also a conspiracy theorist who counts himself as one of Carr's successors.
- By Guess and By God: The Story of the British Submarines in the War, with a preface by Admiral S.S. Hall, Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, Doran & Company Inc, 1930 ; London, Hutchinson & Co., 1930. (French) translation: À la grace de Dieu! Les sous-marins anglais dans la guerre mondiale, trad. par P. Reymond, Paris, Payot, 1931.
- Hell's Angels of the Deep, London, Hutchinson & Co., 1932 ; Toronto, S.B. Gundy and Oxford University Press, 1933.
- High and Dry: The Post-War Experiences of the Author of "By Guess and By God", London, Hutchinson, 1938.
- Brass Hats and Bell-Bottomed Trousers: Unforgettable and Splendid Feats of the Harwich Patrol ("By guess and by God II"), London, Hutchinson & Co., 1939.
- Good Hunting ("By guess and by God III"), London, Hutchinson & Co., 1940.
- Out of the Mists: great deeds of the navy in the last war and her role today, London and New York, Hutchinson & Co., 1942.
- Checkmate in the North: the Axis planned to invade America, Toronto, The Macmillan Co. of Canada, Ltd., Army Museum Collection, 1944 ; 1945.
- One world in the making: the United Nations, Boston, Ginn, 1946.
- The devil’s poison or "The truth about fluorine, Willowdale, Ont., National Federation of Christian Laymen (NFCL) Publications Committee, .
- The Red Fog Over America, Willowdale (Ontario), National Federation of Christian Laymen (NFCL) Publications Committee, 1955 and 1957 ; Hollywood, Angriff Press, 1956 and 1957 ; Glendale, Ca., St. George Press, 1962 and 1968 ; The Britons Publishing Company, 1962 ; Legion for the Survival of Freedom Inc., 1978 ; TAB Books, 1997.
- Pawns in the Game, Willowdale, Ont., Gadsby-Leek Co.,  ; Willowdale (Ontario), National Federation of Christian Laymen (NFCL) Publications Committee, 1956, this ed. includes 4 p. of information on the National Federation of Christian Laymen; Hollywood Angriff Press, 1958 [Los Angeles, St. George Press, 1958 ; Los Angeles, Christian Laymen, 1958] ; Palmdale, CA, Omni Publications/Christian Book Clum, 1960's ; Glendale, California, St. George Press, 1962 and 1967 ; Clackamas, OR, Emissary Publications, no date, reprint of the 1958 ed. ; Omni/Christian Book Club, 1993 ; Boring, OR, CPA, Book Publisher, ; The Money Power: Empire of the City and Pawns in the Game, [Progressive Press, 2012], ISBN 1615771212. (French) translations: Des Pions sur l'échiquier, Éditions Delacroix, 1999 [part of] ; Cadillac (France), Éditions Saint-Rémi, 2002. Arabic translation by Abdus-Samad Sharafuddin, Jeddah, OKAZ, 1976.
- The International conspiracy: the National Federation of Christian Laymen and what we stand for, includes the "aims and objects" of the National Federation of Christian Laymen and a membership application form. With printed broadside letter from the World Federalists of Canada laid in, Toronto, National Federation of Christian Laymen (NFCL), .
- Present personal income and corporation taxes unconstitutional, Willowdale (Ontario), National Federation of Christian Laymen, .
- The Conspiracy to destroy all existing Governments and Religions, Metairie, La., Sons of Liberty, [1960 ? ; written in 1958] ; (French) translation: La Conspiration mondiale dont le but est de détruire tous les gouvernements et religions en place, Châteauneuf (France), Éditions Delacroix, . Refers to: John Robison : Proofs of a Conspiracy Against All the Religions and Governments of Europe Carried on in the Secret Meetings of Freemasons, Illuminati and Reading Societies (1798).
- Satan, prince of this World, Palmdale, CA, Omni Publications, 1966 ; 1997 [post. 1st ed. ; written in 1959] ; (French) translation: Satan, prince de ce monde, Cadillac (France), Éditions Saint-Rémi, 2005.
- British Submarines in World War I, Allborough Publishing, 1992.
- Pawns in the Game (cassette tape) "100 minute recording of a speech given by Commander William Guy Carr in Chicago just before his death in 1957 [sic]. Commander Carr, the famous author of Red Fog Over America & Pawns In The Game gives a comprehensive political and philosophical overview of the Illuminati-International Banker conspiracy to undermine all nations and create a one world government" See: Illuminati History, midnight-emissary.com
Digital Audio copy of 100 minute recording
Available at http://www.archive.org/details/PawnsInTheGameLecture
- Conspiracy theory
- Illuminati Scare
- Royal Navy Submarine Service
- Submarines of the Royal Navy
- Michael Lind, Up From Conservatism: Why the Right is Wrong for America, New York, Free Press Paperbacks, 1997 (parts on W.G. Carr). ISBN 0-684-83186-4
- Bill Ellis, Raising the Devil: Satanism, New Religions, and the Media, University Press of Kentucky, 2000. ISBN 0-8131-2170-1
- Daniel Pipes, Conspiracy. How the Paranoid Style Flourishes and Where It Comes From, New York, Free Press, 1997 (partly studies Carr's National Federation of Christian Laymen). ISBN 0-684-87111-4
- (French) Pierre-André Taguieff, La Foire aux illuminés : Ésotérisme, théorie du complot, extrémisme ("The Illuminati fair: Esotericism, Plot Theory, Extremism"), Paris, Mille et une nuits, 2005. ISBN 2-84205-925-5
- (French) Pierre-André Taguieff, L'imaginaire du complot mondial: Aspects d'un mythe moderne ("The World plot imaginary: about a modern myth"), Paris, Mille et une nuits, 2006. ISBN 2-84205-980-8
- John Winton (ed.), The Submariners: Life in British Submarines 1901-1999. An Anthology of Personal Experience, Trafalgar Square, 1999. ISBN 0-09-480220-3
- Terry Melanson, Albert Pike to Mazzini, August 15, 1871: Three World Wars?, http://www.conspiracyarchive.com/Articles/Pike-Mazzini_Three-World-Wars.htm
- Margiotta Test extract from Margiotta in French,http://www.theconspiracyexplained.com/IntroductionAmend.html
- "Dances with Devils: Satan, the Devil, and the Antichrist, Freemasons Jews and the Forged Protocols Variations on Conspiracist Themes", The Website of the Political Associates
- "William Guy Carr repeats the lies", Pawns in the Game reviewed by the Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon Ancient Free and Accepted Masons
- Ullah Jan, Pawns in the war between Zionism and Islam, Tuesday, January 13, 2004, Media Monitors Network
- "In the Golden Horn: a British submarine sails into enemy waters", by William Guy Carr, British submarine EII
- "Albert Pike to Mazzini, August 15, 1871: Three World Wars?" by Terry Melanson
- FBI files on William Guy Carr and Pawns in the Game, obtained under the FOIA and hosted at the Internet Archive:
-  Awards to the Royal Canadian Navy, Reserve Officer's decoration, "CARR, William James Guy, LCdr, RD: 15/03/45a"
- Bill Ellis, Raising the Devil: Satanism, New Religions, and the Media. University Press of Kentucky, 2000, p. 128
-  See the site of The Naval Club of Toronto, "History of the club"
- W. Stewart Wallace (ed), The Macmillan Dictionary of Canadian Biography, Toronto-London, Macmillan, revised ed. 1963, p. 116.
- W. Stewart Wallace (ed), The Macmillan Dictionary of Canadian Biography, op. cit., p. 116.
- These biographical details are provided by the Editor's preface of William Guy Carr, Pawns in the Game, Omni/Christian Book Club 1993 and Satan, prince of this World, Palmdale, CA, Omni Publications, 1997
- (French) Pierre-André Taguieff, La Foire aux illuminés : Ésotérisme, théorie du complot, extrémisme ("The Illuminati fair: Esotericism, Plot Theory, Extremism"), Paris, Mille et une nuits, 2005, p. 431
- (French) Pierre-André Taguieff, op. cit., p. 25
-  "Dances with Devils: Satan, the Devil, and the Antichrist, Freemasons Jews and the Forged Protocols Variations on Conspiracist Themes", The Website of the Political Associates, same opinion in Pierre-André Taguieff, op. cit.
-  "William Guy Carr repeats the lies", Pawns in the Game reviewed by the Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon Ancient Free and Accepted Masons and  History of Conspiracy Theory 101
- Pierre-André Tagieff, op. cit., p. 71. Personal translation, User:Eristik
- (French) Pierre-André Tagieff, op. cit., p. 71
- William Guy Carr (dir.), News Behind The News, Vol. 1, #8, June–July 1957, p. 6.
-  See "John Horn Blackmore fonds", on the Genbow Museum site
-  see Online archive of California
-  Online archive of California, documents on the Anti-Fluoridation Campaign; also studied in Daniel Pipes's, Conspiracy, 1997 (bibliography)
- Daniel Pipes, Conspiracy, 1997 (he refers to Carr's brochure The Devil's poison, 1956) quoted from 
- William Guy Carr, Pawns in the Game, Emissary Publications, Clackamas, OR, p. 104-106
- William Guy Carr, Pawns in the Game, Emissary Publications, Clackamas, OR, p. 178
- "Albert Pike's correspondence with Giusseppe Mazzini : a fraud". Freemasonry.bcy.ca. 2007-05-17. Retrieved 2013-04-22.
- William Guy Carr, Satan, Prince of This World, Emissary Publications, Clackamas, Oreg., p. 39
- Michael Haupt
- (French) Pierre-André Tagieff, op. cit., p. 341, note 71
- William Guy Carr, Satan, Prince of This World, Emissary Publications, Clackamas, Oreg., p. 6
- William Guy Carr, Satan, prince of this World, Palmdale, CA, Omni Publications, 1997, Editorial review, back cover
- Pierre-André Tagieff, op. cit., p. 99-101
-  Trevor W. McKeown, "Illuminati : Frequently Asked Questions" and Pierre-André Taguieff, op. cit., p. 434, 466, 501
-  This influence is also confirmed by this article: "Anti-CFR, Anti-Illuminati, Anti-Rockefeller Arguments", in The Sierra Times (contains an important bibliography of anti-Communist conspiracy pamphlets)
- Éditions Delacroix and Éditions Saint-Rémi, Cadillac, France
-  (French) Éditions Delacroix, books by Jacques Delacroix on satanic conspiracies and the Three World Wars
- "ENGAGE". Engageonline.org.uk. Retrieved 2013-04-22.