William H. Woodin

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For the American mathematician, see W. Hugh Woodin.
William H. Woodin
Woodin2.jpg
51st United States Secretary of the Treasury
In office
March 5, 1933 – December 31, 1933
President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Preceded by Ogden L. Mills
Succeeded by Henry Morgenthau, Jr.
Personal details
Born William Hartman Woodin
(1868-05-27)May 27, 1868
Berwick, Pennsylvania, United States
Died May 3, 1934(1934-05-03) (aged 65)
New York City, New York, United States
Resting place Pine Grove Cemetery in Berwick, Pennsylvania, United States
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Annie Jessup
Children Mary Woodin
Anne Jessup Woodin
William Hartman Woodin, Jr.
Elizabeth Foster Woodin
Parents Clemuel Ricketts "Clement" Woodin
Mary Louise Dickerman Woodin
Alma mater Columbia College in School of Mines (1890)
Religion Presbyterian
Signature

William Hartman Woodin (May 27, 1868 – May 3, 1934) was a U.S. industrialist. He served as the Secretary of Treasury under Franklin Roosevelt in 1933.

Biography[edit]

Woodin was born in Berwick, Pennsylvania. He was closely involved in Jackson and Woodin Manufacturing Company. His father, Clemuel Ricketts "Clement" Woodin, preceded him in the presidency of the company and his grandfather, also named William Hartman Woodin, was an early partner in the company. He was a member of the Union League Club of New York. Woodin graduated from Columbia College School of Mines in 1890.[1][2][3]

Jackson & Woodin grew under this combined leadership to become the largest railroad freight car builder in the eastern United States, and was one of the 13 companies that merged in 1899 to form American Car and Foundry Company (ACF).

Woodin married Annie Jessup, on October 9, 1899. They had three daughters and one son: Mary, Annie Jessup, William Hartman, Jr., and Elizabeth Foster Woodin. They lived in New York City.

Woodin stayed on with ACF for a while after the merger.[4][5][6]

Woodin worked up through ACF management to become president in 1916.[7] He was a director of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York from 1927 through 1932.[8][9]

Secretary of the Treasury 'William H. Woodin, (1933 Time)

Woodin was a Republican businessman and was the major contributor to Roosevelt's campaign in 1932. Woodin served as the Treasury Secretary from March 4, 1933 until he resigned effective December 31, 1933. Because of his poor health, for his much of the tenure Treasury Under-Secretary Dean Acheson served as the Acting Secretary of the Treasury. Despite his illness, Woodin was the involved in major decisions that the new Roosevelt administration made to combat the Great Depression.

On March 4, 1933, when Roosevelt first took the oath of office, banks were closing their doors all over the United States as waves of panic led depositors to demand immediate payment of their money. Woodin was the point man in the administration's declaration of a "Bank Holiday" which closed every bank in the U.S. until bank examiners could determine which were sound enough to re-open. With "seals of approval" from the examiners, depositors regained confidence, and the vast majority left their money in bank deposits. This became the forerunner of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and other such federal guarantees intended to foster the trust which is essential to the entire financial system.

Woodin also presided over the Roosevelt Administration's withdrawal from the international monetary conference in London and the decision to take the United States off the international gold standard there. While he was the Secretary of the Treasury, the Administration also began the decision-making process that eventually led to the administration's decision to buy all the gold in private hands in the United States (other than that used by dentists and jewelers) and to the devalue from a dollar.[clarification needed]

Treasury Under Secretary Dean Acheson was so the opposed from an latter two decisions that he resigned in the protest. Woodin was an avid coin collector and when the gold was withdrawn from private hands, he made certain that an exception was the put in place for "rare or unusual" coin types.

He died in New York City, New York, and was buried in Pine Grove Cemetery, near his birthplace of Berwick, Pennsylvania.

Woodin is the great-grandfather of mathematician W. Hugh Woodin.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://news.stacks.com/content/remembering-william-h-woodin-pt1/
  2. ^ "Roosevelt Names Last of Cabinet". The New York Times. 
  3. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/390/000167886/
  4. ^ White, John H., Jr. (1993). The American Railroad Freight Car. Boston and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-5236-6. 
  5. ^ "Jackson & Woodin Manufacturing Company". Mid-Continent Railway Museum. 2006-04-11. Retrieved 2008-04-16. 
  6. ^ "Woodin, Clemuel Ricketts". Columbia-Luzerne County PA Archives Biographies. USGenWeb. 2005-07-01. Archived from the original on 2008-05-24. Retrieved 2008-04-16.  Extracted from Biographies of the Seventeenth Congressional District. Chicago: Biographical Publishing Company. 1899. 
  7. ^ Katz, Bernard S., ed.; and Vencill, C. Daniel (1996). Biographical Dictionary of the United States Secretaries of the Treasury. Greenwood Press. p. 387. ISBN 0-313-28012-6. 
  8. ^ http://www.scribd.com/doc/50484683/Directors-of-Federal-Reserve-Bank-of-New-York-1914-2011
  9. ^ "Music: Turn Tiddily Tycoon". Time. January 26, 1931. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Ogden L. Mills
U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
Served under: Franklin D. Roosevelt

March 5 – December 31, 1933
Succeeded by
Henry Morgenthau, Jr.