William H. Woodin
|William H. Woodin|
|51st United States Secretary of the Treasury|
March 5, 1933 – December 31, 1933
|President||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|Preceded by||Ogden L. Mills|
|Succeeded by||Henry Morgenthau, Jr.|
|Born||William Hartman Woodin
May 27, 1868
Berwick, Pennsylvania, United States
|Died||May 3, 1934
New York City, New York, United States
|Resting place||Pine Grove Cemetery in Berwick, Pennsylvania, United States|
Anne Jessup Woodin
William Hartman Woodin, Jr.
Elizabeth Foster Woodin
|Parents||Clemuel Ricketts "Clement" Woodin
Mary Louise Dickerman Woodin
|Alma mater||Columbia College in School of Mines (1890)|
Woodin was born in Berwick, Pennsylvania. He was closely involved in Jackson and Woodin Manufacturing Company. His father, Clemuel Ricketts "Clement" Woodin, preceded him in the presidency of the company and his grandfather, also named William Hartman Woodin, was an early partner in the company. He was a member of the Union League Club of New York. Woodin graduated from Columbia College School of Mines in 1890.
Jackson & Woodin grew under this combined leadership to become the largest railroad car builder in the eastern United States, and was one of the 13 companies that merged in 1899 to form American Car and Foundry Company (ACF).
Woodin married Annie Jessup, on October 9, 1889. They had three daughters and one son: Mary, Annie Jessup, William Hartman, Jr., and Elizabeth Foster Woodin. They lived in New York City.
Woodin was a Republican businessman and was a major contributor to Roosevelt's campaign in 1932. Woodin served as the Treasury Secretary from March 4, 1933 until he resigned effective December 31, 1933. Because of his poor health, for some weeks in 1933 Treasury Under-Secretary Dean Acheson served as the Acting Secretary of the Treasury. Woodin was involved in major decisions that the new Roosevelt administration made to combat the Great Depression.
On March 4, 1933, when Roosevelt first took the oath of office, banks were closing their doors all over the United States as waves of panic led depositors to demand immediate payment of their money. Woodin was the point man in the administration's declaration of a "Bank Holiday" which closed every bank in the U.S. until bank examiners could determine which were sound enough to re-open. With "seals of approval" from the examiners, depositors regained confidence, and the vast majority left their money in bank deposits. This preceded the creation of deposit insurance and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation with the passage of the Glass-Steagall Act of 1933 to foster trust in banks which is essential to the entire financial system.
Woodin also presided over the Roosevelt Administration's withdrawal from the international monetary conference in London and the decision to take the United States off the international gold standard there. While he was the Secretary of the Treasury, the Administration also began the decision-making process that eventually led to the administration's decision to buy all the gold in private hands in the United States (other than that used by dentists and jewelers) and then to raise the dollar price of gold, devaluing the dollar against gold.[clarification needed]
Treasury Under Secretary Dean Acheson opposed FDR on the latter two decisions and was forced to resign in November 1933. Woodin was an avid coin collector and when gold was withdrawn from private hands, he made certain that an exception was the put in place for "rare or unusual" coins.
Woodin is the great-grandfather of mathematician W. Hugh Woodin.
- "Roosevelt Names Last of Cabinet". The New York Times.
- White, John H., Jr. (1993). The American Railroad Freight Car. Boston and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-5236-6.
- "Jackson & Woodin Manufacturing Company". Mid-Continent Railway Museum. 2006-04-11. Retrieved 2008-04-16.
- "Woodin, Clemuel Ricketts". Columbia-Luzerne County PA Archives Biographies. USGenWeb. 2005-07-01. Archived from the original on 2008-05-24. Retrieved 2008-04-16. Extracted from Biographies of the Seventeenth Congressional District. Chicago: Biographical Publishing Company. 1899.
- Katz, Bernard S., ed.; and Vencill, C. Daniel (1996). Biographical Dictionary of the United States Secretaries of the Treasury. Greenwood Press. p. 387. ISBN 0-313-28012-6.
- "Music: Turn Tiddily Tycoon". Time. January 26, 1931.
Ogden L. Mills
|U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
Served under: Franklin D. Roosevelt
March 5 – December 31, 1933
Henry Morgenthau, Jr.