William Hawley (general)

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For the archaeologist, see William Hawley.

William Hawley (August 19, 1824 – January 15, 1873) was a colonel in the Union Army during the American Civil War who was nominated and confirmed for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general in 1866.


Hawley was born on August 19, 1824 in Porter, New York.[1][2][3] He would live in Lockport, New York before moving to Madison, Wisconsin in 1854.


Hawley originally served in the United States Army during the Mexican-American War where he achieved the rank of Sergeant. He was discharged after the end of the war. After the outbreak of the American Civil War, Hawley was commissioned an officer in the Union Army and helped to organized the 3rd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment. The following year, he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and Colonel the year after that, at which time he took command of the regiment. Hawley and the regiment later took part in the Battle of Chancellorsville, the Battle of Gettysburg, the Atlanta Campaign, Sherman's March to the Sea and the Carolinas Campaign.

Hawley was mustered out of the volunteers on July 18, 1865.[2] On January 13, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Hawley for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general of volunteers to rank from March 16, 1865, for gallant services in the campaigns in Georgia and South Carolina, and the United States Senate confirmed the appointment on March 12, 1866.[2][3][4]

Following the war and his discharge in July 1865, Hawley left the army for a time.[2] In May 1866, he re-joined the U.S. Army as a second lieutenant in the 11th U.S. Infantry Regiment[2] and was stationed in Virginia in 1866. On September 21, 1866, he was transferred to the 20th U.S. Infantry Regiment.[2] Hawley was promoted to first lieutenant on December 6, 1866.[2]

On January 15, 1873, Hawley died in Buffalo, New York[2][3] after falling ill during a blizzard the previous month. William Hawley was buried in Glenwood Cemetery, Flint, Michigan.[2][3]


  1. ^ "Hawley, Col. William (1824-1873)". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. p. 289.
  3. ^ a b c d Hunt, Roger D. and Jack R. Brown, Brevet Brigadier Generals in Blue. Gaithersburg, MD: Olde Soldier Books, Inc., 1990. ISBN 1-56013-002-4. p. 272
  4. ^ Eicher, 2001, p. 747.


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