William Henry Appleton
He was born at Haverhill, Massachusetts on January 27, 1814. Appleton began his career in publishing in 1838. He married Mary Moody Worthen in 1844.
In 1848 he became the senior member of the firm of D. Appleton & Company, in partnership with his brother John Adams Appleton; they were joined in partnership by three younger brothers. William became the firm's London representative in 1853. He was active in the struggle for an international copyright, and served a term as president of the American Publishers Copyright League. His firm published works by a range of noteworthy authors, including Lewis Carroll, Arthur Conan Doyle, Charles Darwin, Thomas Henry Huxley, Herbert Spencer, and John Stuart Mill, as well as leading American scientists and philosophers of his era.
Among the reference books brought out by him were The New American Cyclopædia (1858–63); Webster's Spelling Book (1858); cyclopædias of Drawing (1857), Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography (1887–1900), Applied Mechanics (1897), and an Annual Cyclopœdia (1885–1903). He wrote Letters on International Copyright (1872).
Appleton was a prominent figure in publishing for a period of sixty years. He lived at Wave Hill (New York); the house was later turned into a botanical garden in the Riverdale section of The Bronx, New York.
He died on October 19, 1899.
Appleton City, Missouri was named after the publisher, in appreciation of his 1870 donation to the town's library.
Appleton is a character in the time travel novel "The Plot to Save Socrates" by Paul Levinson. As depicted in the book, Appleton had an extensive secret life as a time-traveler, had visited Classical Greece and met in person some of the famous ancient Greek writers and philosophers whose works he published, and also several times visited the 21st Century - but always found his own 19th Century milieu to be the most congenial.
- "Appleton, William Henry". New International Encyclopedia. 1905. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Moore, F., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.