William Henry Balgarnie
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William Henry Balgarnie (12 May 1869 – c. July 1951) was a schoolmaster at Elmfield College and The Leys School, and is believed to have been the inspiration for the character Mr Chips in the book Goodbye, Mr. Chips, written by one of his students at The Leys, James Hilton.
Born at Woolwich, the son of a Presbyterian minister, Balgarnie studied at and taught at Elmfield College before going to The Leys. In the 1890s he gathered with other Old Elmfieldians in London for a country walk followed by tea, which was invariably accompanied with recitations and ballads around the piano.
In 1894, Balgarnie was awarded a sizarship at Trinity College, Cambridge, from which he duly exited with an first-class Honours degree in classics. There he met W. W. Gibberd, the mathematician, through the Cambridge University Hare and Hounds, the cross-country club.
What must be unique to Balgarnie is that he was followed at Trinity by his elder brother, Edward, who entered Trinity in 1897 at the age of 30. (Balgarnie had been 25, itself a somewhat advanced age.)
Thus, although not intellectually outstanding, before he was 30 Balgarnie was associated with three universities - he had M.A.s from London and Cambridge, and had worked for a year or two as assistant Professor of Greek at Glasgow University under the young Gilbert Murray. His academic output included translations of Sophocles, Euripides and Lysias.
Sir Dyson Mallinson was a governor at both Elmfield and The Leys.
Balgarnie was educated at and himself taught at Elmfield. One Elmfieldian who followed him to The Leys was Harold Rose.
In popular culture
Among Balgarnie's students was James Hilton, who said he based the character Mr. Chipping in his novel Goodbye Mr. Chips on Balgarnie. Although Mr. Chipping was based on others Balgarnie had known.
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