William Henry Carroll

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William Henry Carroll
William Henry Carroll.jpg
Born 1810
Nashville, Tennessee
Died May 3, 1868 (aged 57–58)
Montreal, Canada
Place of burial Elmwood Cemetery
Allegiance  Confederate States of America
Service/branch  Confederate States Army
Years of service 1861-1863 C.S.A.
Rank Confederate States of America General.png Brigadier General
Unit 37th Tennessee Infantry Regiment
Battles/wars American Civil War
- Battle of Mill Springs
Other work plantation owner, postmaster

William Henry Carroll (1810 – May 3, 1868) was a wealthy plantation owner, a postmaster, and a General in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.

Early life[edit]

Carroll was born in Nashville, Tennessee to William Carroll, a general during the War of 1812 and the Governor of Tennessee from 1821 to 1827 and again from 1829 to 1835.

Civil War Time[edit]

On 11 December 1861 Carroll, as the Confederate commander at Knoxville, issued a proclamation declaring martial law. He then arrested all those openly opposed to the Confederate States before restoring the civil authority. He commanded the 2nd brigade in George B. Crittenden's force that engaged George H. Thomas's Union forces at Mill Springs, Kentucky on 19 January 1862. Braxton Bragg, the department commander, in his effort to rid his command of political generals had Carroll arrested for drunkenness, incompetence and neglect on 31 March 1862, as he was reported drunk on duty in Iuka, Mississippi. Bragg brought similar charges against Crittenden the following day. Like Crittenden before him, Carroll, after a court of inquiry, resigned on 1 February 1863. With Nashville in Union hands he moved to Montreal, Canada.[1][2]

Carroll in Montreal[edit]

In Montreal at the time, the city had was leaning with sympathies towards both sides of the Civil War. The streets were filled with spies from both sides, exiled Confederates of high rank, sympathizers, arms dealers, Union detectives and saboteurs. Carroll became a fixture at the luxurious St. Lawrence Hall on St. James Street (now Saint Jacques Street) which was where the more affluent Confederates in Canada stayed such as Jacob Thompson, Clement Claiborne Clay, James Westcott, Moses Montrose Pallen, Luke P. Blackburn, journalist and even John Wilkes Booth. Many plots were formed by the members of the group. After staying in Montreal for a time, Carroll sailed south and was captured off North Carolina. He was placed in prison in Fortress Monroe, and quickly was released and forced to return to Montreal. On June 8, 1865 , Carroll and a friend named O'Donnell confronted Sandford Conover in front of the William Ennis saloon. They demanded to know whether he was using the alias James Watson Wallace the man who had spun the web of false testimony towards the Assassination of Abraham Lincoln.[3] Carroll accepted the affidavit swearing his innocence, later explaining it in great detail to Andrew Johnson.[4]

Post Civil War[edit]

He never returned to the United States. He died in Montreal on 3 May 1868. He is buried in Lenow Circle, Lot 57, Space #1 [5] at Elmwood Cemetery in Memphis, Tennessee.


  1. ^ John D. Wright (2013). "The Routledge Encyclopedia of Civil War Era Biographies". Routledge. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9780203122204. 
  2. ^ Randy, Bishop (2013). Civil War Generals of Tennessee. Louisiana: Pelican. pp. 51–54. ISBN 9781455618118. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  3. ^ Cumming, Carman (Mar 1, 2008). Devil's Game: The Civil War Intrigues of Charles A. Dunham. Chicago: University of Illinois Press. pp. 3–25, 135–159. ISBN 9780252075193. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  4. ^ Johnson, Andrew; Graf, Leroy (1994). Paul H. Bergeron, ed. The Papers: August 1866 - January 1867. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press. pp. 522–523. ISBN 0870498282. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  5. ^ Elmwood Cemetery logbook

See also[edit]

External links[edit]