William Henry Edwards

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This article is about the American entomologist William Henry Edwards. For England-born actor and entomologist, see Henry Edwards (entomologist).
For other people of the same name, see William Edwards (disambiguation).
WHEdwards.jpg
Born (1822-03-15)15 March 1822
Hunter, New York
Died 4 April 1901(1901-04-04) (aged 79)
Coalburg, West Virginia
Residence United States
Known for A Voyage Up the River Amazon

William Henry Edwards (March 15, 1822 – April 4, 1909) was an important entomologist in the United States.

Life[edit]

Edwards was born in Hunter, Greene County, New York. He is remembered for his trip to the Amazon in 1846, that he recorded in his book A Voyage Up the River Amazon, with a residency at Pará[1] (1847), that inspired Alfred Russel Wallace and Henry Walter Bates to make their famous trip to the region (and Bates to write The Naturalist on the River Amazons); Para is modern Belem. Edwards published the first major study of "The Butterflies of North America" (finished in 1897). He was an observer of the American Civil War and a correspondent of Darwin. He died at his home "Bellefleur" in Coalburg, West Virginia.[2] The house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990.[3]

Works[edit]

His writings included A Voyage up the River Amazon (16mo, 256 pp. New York: 1847. New edition, 12mo, 8 + 210 pp. London, 1855); The Butterflies of North America, series 1-3 (4to, illus. New York and Boston : 1868-1897);[4] Synopsis of North American Butterflies (410, 5+52 pp. Philadelphia: 1872); "Catalogue of the Diurnal Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico " (Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc., Vol. 6, pp. 1–68) ; "Revised Catalogue of the Diurnal Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico " (8vo, pp. 95. Philadelphia : 1884). He published over two hundred and fifty scientific papers.[5]

Edwards published a few works on matters other than his own speciality, entomology, including a monograph calling into question the authorship of the accepted works of Shakespeare,[6] and his grandfather's memoirs.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A Voyage Up the River Amazon, with a residency at Pará"
  2. ^ Michael J. Pauley (January 1990). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: William H. & William S. Edwards House". State of West Virginia, West Virginia Division of Culture and History, Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2011-08-05. 
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  4. ^ Calhoun, John V. 2013. The extraordinary story of an artistic and scientific masterpiece: The Butterflies of North America by William Henry Edwards, 1868-1897. J. Lepid. Soc. 67:73-110.http://images.peabody.yale.edu/lepsoc/jls/2010s/2013/2013-67-2-073.pdf
  5. ^ Weeks, A. G. (1910) Illustrations of diurnal lepidoptera.
  6. ^ Edwards, William Henry (1900). Shaksper not Shakespeare. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke. 
  7. ^ Edwards, William, 1770-1851; Edwards, William W., 1796-1876; Edwards, William Henry, 1822-1909; Memoirs of Col. William Edwards, formerly of Stockbridge and Northampton, Mass., later of Hunter, Greene Co., N. Y., and of Brooklyn, N. Y.; written by himself, in his 76th year, 1847, with notes and additions by his son, William W. Edwards, and by his grandson, William Henry Edwards (1897); Washington, D. C., Press of W. F. Roberts. [1]

External links[edit]