William Henry Hudson Southerland

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William Henry Hudson Southerland
Born (1852-07-10)July 10, 1852
New York City
Died January 30, 1933(1933-01-30) (aged 80)
Washington, D.C.
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch  United States Navy
Years of service 1865, 1867–1914
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Rear Admiral
Commands held Eagle
Yankee
Cleveland (C-19)
New Jersey (BB-16)
Pacific Fleet
Battles/wars American Civil War
Spanish–American War
Occupation of Nicaragua

William Henry Hudson Southerland (10 July 1852–30 January 1933) was a rear admiral in the United States Navy. He commanded several ships in Cuban waters during the Spanish-American War, and later served as Commander in Chief of the Pacific Fleet.

Biography[edit]

Born in New York City, Southerland first joined the Union Navy as a volunteer towards the end of the Civil War, despite being only twelve years old, serving for only a brief time. He re-enlisted in early 1867 as a naval apprentice, finally entered the United States Naval Academy in June 1868 - shortly before his sixteenth birthday.

After graduating from the Academy in June 1872 he served aboard the sloop Tuscarora.[1] After a year at sea, he was commissioned as an ensign.[2]

Over the next 37 years, he served in varied positions at sea and ashore, including duty with the Hydrographic Office, the Bureau of Equipment, and the Board of Inspection and Survey. During the Spanish–American War, he commanded the gunboat Eagle in the blockade of Cuban ports; and, in 1905, he returned to the Caribbean to command Yankee and to act as Senior Officer, Naval Forces in Santo Domingo.[2] Promoted to captain in 1906,[1] he commanded the battleship New Jersey (BB-16) of the Great White Fleet in 1907-09.[3]

Appointed rear admiral on 4 May 1910, he served as President of the Board of Inspection and Survey for Shore Stations until becoming Commander, 2d Division, Pacific Fleet in March 1911,[2] and commanded naval forces in the Nicaragua Expedition.[1] A year later, he became Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet; and, in March 1913, he left the fleet to take up duties on the General Board.[2]

On his retirement on 10 July 1914 Southerland was the last Civil War naval veteran still in active service, and one of very few to rise from enlisted man to admiral in the course of his career.[1]

Rear Admiral Southerland died in Washington, D.C., on 30 January 1933.[2]

Namesake[edit]

The destroyer USS Southerland (DD-743) (1944–1981) was named in his honor.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "LAST OF CIVIL WAR NAVAL HEROES TO GO : Rear Admiral Southerland Retires Automatically Friday Under the Age Limit" (PDF). The New York Times. 6 July 1914. Retrieved 8 November 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Southerland". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 8 November 2010. 
  3. ^ "Great White Fleet Battleships". hazegray.org. Retrieved 8 November 2010.