William Henry Metcalf
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|William Henry Metcalf|
|Born||29 January 1894
Waite, Maine, United States
|Died||8 August 1968
South Portland, Maine
|Buried at||Bayside Cemetery, Eastport, Maine|
|Service/branch||Canadian Expeditionary Force|
|Unit||16th Battalion (Canadian Scottish), CEF|
|Battles/wars||First World War|
Military Medal & Bar
William Henry Metcalf VC, MM (29 January 1894 – 8 August 1968) was a Canadian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Though born in the United States (Waite, Maine), Metcalf is also considered Canadian since he joined the Canadian Expeditionary Force in 1914. He is one of only 6 Americans to receive the Victoria Cross.
Metcalf was one of seven Canadians to be awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions on September 2, 1918. The other six Victoria Cross recipients were Claude Joseph Patrick Nunney, John Francis Young, Cyrus Wesley Peck, Walter Leigh Rayfield, Bellenden Hutcheson and Arthur George Knight.
He was 23 years old, and a lance-corporal in the 16th (Canadian Scottish) Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force, during the First World War when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC.
On 2 September 1918 at Arras, France, when the right flank of the battalion was held up, Lance-Corporal Metcalf rushed forward under intense machine-gun fire to a passing tank and with his signal flag walked in front of the tank directing it along the trench in a perfect hail of bullets and bombs. The machine-gun strong-point was overcome, very heavy casualties were inflicted and a critical situation was relieved. Later, although wounded, Corporal Metcalf continued to advance until ordered to get into a shell-hole and have his wounds dressed.
- The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's) Warrant Officers' and Sergeants' Mess (Lance-Corporal William Henry Metcalf entry)
- Burial location of William Metcalf "Eastport, Maine, USA"
- News item "William Metcalf's Victoria Cross donated to the Canadian Scottish Regiment Museum"
- Legion Magazine-The Magnificent Seven
- Canadian Scottish Museum
- Veterans Affairs Canada