^ abcThe Foreign Office list and diplomatic and consular year book for 1917, Foreign Office, Great Britain.
^Stewart Culin (1893), Exhibition of Games in the Columbian Exposition, Journal of American Folklore, 6(22): 205-227.
^Hubert Howe Bancroft (1893), The Book of the Fair: an Historical and Descriptive Presentation of the World's Science, Art, and Industry, as Viewed through the Columbian Exposition at Chicago in 1893, The Bancroft Company, Publishers, Chicago. (Relevant excerpt here.)
^ abHorace N. Allen (1901), A Chronological Index: Some of the Chief Events in the Foreign Intercourse of Korea From the Beginning of the Christian Era to the Twentieth Century, pp.53-54.
^ abcde清季中外使領年表(“Chronological list of Chinese and foreign consular officers for late Qing dynasty”), 中華書局 (Zhonghua Book Company), Beijing, 1985.