William Hutt (politician)

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The Right Honourable
Sir William Hutt
KCB
Paymaster-General and
Vice-President of the Board of Trade
In office
22 February 1860 – 29 November 1865
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Viscount Palmerston
The Earl Russell
Preceded by Hon. William Cowper
Succeeded by George Goschen
Personal details
Born 6 October 1801 (1801-10-06)
Bishops Stortford, Hertfordshire
Died 24 November 1882 (1882-11-25) (aged 81)
Appley Towers, Ryde,
Isle of Wight
Nationality British
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) (1) Mary Milner
(d. 1860)
(2) Frances Stanhope
(d. 1886)
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge

Sir William Hutt KCB, PC (6 October 1801 – 24 November 1882) was a British Liberal politician who was heavily involved in the colonization of New Zealand and South Australia.

Background and education[edit]

Hutt was born in Bishops Stortford,[1] Hertfordshire.[2] He was the brother of Sir George Hutt and John Hutt, the second governor of Western Australia. He was educated privately at Ryde, Isle of Wight, and Camberwell, and graduated BA (1827) and MA (1831) from Trinity College, Cambridge.[3]

Political career[edit]

Hutt entered Parliament as MP for Kingston upon Hull in 1832, holding the seat until 1837, when he was defeated by William Wilberforce, but regained it in 1838 when Wilberforce was unseated on petition.[4] He was greatly interested in colonial affairs, and became increasingly involved in them. He was a member of the select committee on colonial lands in 1836; a commissioner for the foundation of South Australia; a member of the New Zealand Association from 1837; and a member of the select committee on New Zealand in 1840. He also helped form the New Zealand Company, of which he was later a director and chairman.[citation needed]

After he ceased to be MP for Hull in 1841,[4] he successfully stood for the seat of Gateshead, a seat that he retained for over 30 years.[5] He served as Vice-President of the Board of Trade and Paymaster-General under Lord Palmerston between 1860 and 1865 and under Lord Russell in 1865 and was sworn of the Privy Council in 1860.[6] In 1865 he was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath.[citation needed]

Personal life[edit]

In 1831 Hutt married Mary (née Milner), Dowager Countess of Strathmore, widow of John Bowes, 10th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, to whose son John Bowes Hutt had been a tutor. She died in 1860, leaving him mining properties worth £18,000 a year. The following year he married Frances Anna Jane "Fanny" Stanhope, a daughter of the Hon. Sir Francis Charles Stanhope.[7] Hutt died at Appley Towers, Ryde, on 24 November 1882, aged 81,[8] leaving his landed property to his brother, Sir George Hutt. Frances, Lady Hutt, died in September 1886.[9] Hutt is commemorated in the name of the Hutt River in the North Island of New Zealand and the cities of Lower Hutt and Upper Hutt, which stand on its banks. The Hutt River in South Australia's Clare Valley was also named in his honour.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1851 Census; 38 Maddox St, Westminster : HO107; Piece: 1475; Folio: 382; Page: 12;
  2. ^ 1881 Census; Appley Towers, Ryde, Isle of Wight : RG11; Piece: 1181; Folio: 55; Page: 5
  3. ^ "Hutt, William (HT821W)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  4. ^ a b leighrayment.com House of Commons: Horncastle to Hythe
  5. ^ leighrayment.com House of Commons: Gainsborough to Goole
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22359. p. 636. 24 February 1860.
  7. ^ The Marquis of Ruvigny and Raineval, Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal, London, 1905, Clarence Volume, p. 31, table XXXVII.
  8. ^ The Times, 27 November 1882
  9. ^ thepeerage.com Frances Anna Jane Stanhope

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George Schonswar
William Battie-Wrightson
Member of Parliament for Kingston upon Hull
18321837
With: Matthew Davenport Hill 1832–1835
David Carruthers 1835
Thomas Perronet Thompson 1835–1837
Succeeded by
William Wilberforce
Sir Walter James, Bt
Preceded by
William Wilberforce
Sir Walter James, Bt
Member of Parliament for Kingston upon Hull
1838 – 1841
With: Sir Walter James, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir John Hanmer, Bt
Sir Walter James, Bt
Preceded by
Cuthbert Rippon
Member of Parliament for Gateshead
18411874
Succeeded by
Walter James
Political offices
Preceded by
Hon. William Cowper
Vice-President of the Board of Trade
1860 – 1865
Succeeded by
George Goschen
Paymaster-General
1860 – 1865