William I of Württemberg
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|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (July 2012)|
|Reign||30 October 1816 – 25 June 1864|
|Spouse||Caroline Augusta of Bavaria
Catherine Pavlovna of Russia
Pauline Therese of Württemberg
|Marie, Countess of Neipperg
Sophie, Queen of the Netherlands
Princess Catherine of Württemberg
Charles I of Württemberg
Augusta, Princess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
|House||House of Württemberg|
|Father||Frederick I of Württemberg|
|Mother||Augusta of Brunswick|
27 September 1781|
|Died||25 June 1864
On 8 June 1808, in Munich, he married Princess Charlotte of Bavaria (1792–1873), daughter of King Maximilian I of Bavaria (1756–1825) and Princess Augusta Wilhelmina of Hesse-Darmstadt (1765–1796). They divorced in 1814.
On 24 January 1816, in Saint Petersburg, he married his first cousin, Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia (1788–1819), daughter of Emperor Paul I of Russia (1754–1801) and Princess Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg (1759–1828). Later that year, he succeeded his father as King of Württemberg. The couple had two children:
- Princess Marie of Württemberg (1816–1887); married Count Alfred von Neipperg (1807–1865).
- Princess Sophie of Württemberg (1818–1877); married King William III of the Netherlands (1817–1890).
On 15 April 1820 in Stuttgart, he married another first cousin, Duchess Pauline Therese of Württemberg (1800–1873), daughter of Duke Louis of Württemberg (1756–1817) and Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg (1780–1857).
- Princess Catherine Frederica of Württemberg (1821–1898), whom by her husband Prince Frederick of Württemberg (1808–1870) was mother to King William II of Württemberg
- Prince Charles of Württemberg (1823–1891), succeeded his father as King of Württemberg.
- Princess Augusta of Württemberg (1826–1898); married Prince Hermann of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1825–1901). One of her daughters, Pauline of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach married Charles Augustus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
Wilhelm codified the insignia of Württemberg in 1816–17. He dealt moderately during the 1848 revolution, to survive, but finally ended the rump parliament that met at Stuttgart on 6–18 June 1848. His reign saw the start of the Württemberg railway system and some industrial expansion. William I died at Schloss Rosenstein in Stuttgart.
At the Schlossplatz at the center of Stuttgart there remains a tall monument erected in 1841 to mark the 25th anniversary of William I's rule. The bas-relief at the base shows the king sitting on a throne leaning upon lions, holding a sword in one hand and a scroll in the other and being cheered by gathered soldiers and notables.
Titles, styles, honours, and arms
Titles and styles
- 27 September 1781 – 22 December 1797 His Serene Highness Prince Wilhelm of Württemberg
- 22 December 1797 – 25 February 1803 His Serene Highness The Hereditary Prince
- 25 February 1803 – 26 December 1805 His Serene Highness The Electoral Prince
- 26 December 1805 – 30 October 1816 His Royal Highness The Crown Prince
- 30 October 1816 – 25 June 1864 His Majesty The King of Württemberg
Notes and sources
Media related to William I of Württemberg at Wikimedia Commons
William I of WürttembergBorn: 27 September 1781 Died: 25 June 1864
|King of Württemberg
1816 – 1864