William I of Württemberg

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William I
DH-Wilhelm I.jpg
King of Württemberg
Reign 30 October 1816 – 25 June 1864
Predecessor Frederick I
Successor Charles I
Spouse Caroline Augusta of Bavaria
Catherine Pavlovna of Russia
Pauline Therese of Württemberg
Issue Marie, Countess of Neipperg
Sophie, Queen of the Netherlands
Princess Catherine of Württemberg
Charles I of Württemberg
Augusta, Princess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
House House of Württemberg
Father Frederick I of Württemberg
Mother Augusta of Brunswick
Born (1781-09-27)27 September 1781
Lüben Kingdom of Prussia
Died 25 June 1864(1864-06-25) (aged 82)
Stuttgart Kingdom of Württemberg
Burial Württemberg Mausoleum
Religion Lutheranism

William I (German: Wilhelm Friedrich Karl von Württemberg; 27 September 1781 – 25 June 1864) was the second King of Württemberg from 30 October 1816 until his death.

Biography[edit]

He was born in Lüben, the son of King Frederick I of Württemberg (1754–1816) and his wife, Duchess Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1764–1788).[1]

In 1815 during Napoleon's Hundred Days, the then Crowned Prince commanded the Austrian III Corps which in one of the minor campaigns invaded France and besieged General Jean Rapp in Strasbourg.[2]

Wilhelm succeeded to the title of König von Württemberg on 30 October 1816.[3] He codified the insignia of Württemberg in 1816–17. He dealt moderately during the 1848 revolution, to survive, but finally ended the rump parliament that met at Stuttgart on 6–18 June 1848. His reign saw the start of the Württemberg railway system and some industrial expansion. William I died at Schloss Rosenstein in Stuttgart.[citation needed]

Family[edit]

On 8 June 1808, in Munich, he married Caroline Augusta (1792–1873), daughter of King Maximilian I of Bavaria (1756–1825) and Princess Augusta Wilhelmina of Hesse-Darmstadt (1765–1796). They divorced in 1814.[1]

On 24 January 1816, in Saint Petersburg,[1] he married his first cousin,[citation needed] Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia (1788–1819), daughter of Emperor Paul I of Russia (1754–1801) and Princess Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg (1759–1828).[1] The couple had two children:[citation needed]

On 15 April 1820 in Stuttgart, he married another first cousin,[citation needed] Duchess Pauline Therese of Württemberg (1800–1873), daughter of Duke Louis of Württemberg (1756–1817) and Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg (1780–1857).[1] The couple had the following children:[citation needed]

Legacy[edit]

Kronenthaler of William, 1837.

At the Schlossplatz at the center of Stuttgart there remains a tall monument erected in 1841 to mark the 25th anniversary of William I's rule. The bas-relief at the base shows the king sitting on a throne leaning upon lions, holding a sword in one hand and a scroll in the other and being cheered by gathered soldiers and notables.

Titles, styles, honours, and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Württemberg.[4]
  • 27 September 1781 – 22 December 1797 His Serene Highness Prince Wilhelm of Württemberg
  • 22 December 1797 – 25 February 1803 His Serene Highness The Hereditary Prince
  • 25 February 1803 – 26 December 1805 His Serene Highness The Electoral Prince
  • 26 December 1805 – 30 October 1816 His Royal Highness The Crown Prince
  • 30 October 1816 – 25 June 1864 His Majesty The King of Württemberg

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Lundy 2010, p. 10173 § 101714 cites McNaughton 1973, p. 97.
  2. ^ Siborne 1848, pp. 771–772.
  3. ^ Lundy 2010, p. 10173 § 101714 cites McNaughton 1973, p. 223.
  4. ^ Maclagan & Louda 1999, p. 208.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to William I of Württemberg at Wikimedia Commons

William I of Württemberg
Born: 27 September 1781 Died: 25 June 1864
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Frederick I
King of Württemberg
1816 – 1864
Succeeded by
Charles I