William Jay Youmans
|William Jay Youmans|
He was born at Milton, New York. He worked on his father's farm and studied at the local school until he was 17. He studied chemistry under his brother, Edward Livingston Youmans, and at Columbia and Yale, and studied natural history with Asa Fitch. He then took a course in medicine at New York University, and in 1865 studied natural history under biologist Thomas Henry Huxley in London. On his return to the United States, Youmans settled at Winona, Minnesota, and practiced medicine for about three years.
He abandoned his medical practice in 1872 to assist his brother in establishing the Popular Science Monthly, and subsequently was associated in editing. After his brother's death in 1887, he became its editor-in-chief, remaining in that position until 1900.
He was a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences.
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He contributed occasionally to the pages of Popular Science Monthly under his own name, and for many years prepared the articles on chemistry, metallurgy, and physiology for Appletons' Annual Cyclopædia. He edited Huxley's 1866 work Lessons in Elementary Physiology, to which he added seven chapters on hygiene, and it became the 1868 work Elements of Physiology and Hygiene. He wrote Pioneers of Science in America (1895).
He married Celia Greene in 1866. They had four children.
- Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Youmans, William Jay". Encyclopedia Americana.
- Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1889). "Youmans, Edward Livingston". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Moore, F., eds. (1905). "Youmans, William Jay". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.