William K. Jones

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William K. Jones
WKJones-USMCphoto.jpg
Lieutenant General William K. Jones
Born (1916-10-23)October 23, 1916
Joplin, Missouri
Died April 15, 1998(1998-04-15) (aged 81)
Alexandria, Virginia
Buried at Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance United States United States of America
Service/branch USMC logo.svg United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1936 – 1972
Rank US-O9 insignia.svg Lieutenant General
Unit 1st Battalion 6th Marines
Commands held
Battles/wars
Awards
Relations

William Kenefick Jones (October 23, 1916 – April 15, 1998) was a United States Marine Corps lieutenant general and a highly decorated veteran of three wars, receiving the Navy Cross, the Silver Star, the Bronze Star, and the Purple Heart. He was a battalion commander in World War II; a regimental commander just after the Korean War; and a division commander during the Vietnam War. LtGen Jones' last command was the Fleet Marine Force, Pacific. He served in the Marine Corps for 33 years, retiring from active duty in 1972.

Biography[edit]

William Kenefick Jones was born on October 23, 1916 in Joplin, Missouri. He was raised in Kansas City, Missouri where he graduated from Southwest High School in 1933. In 1936, while in college, he joined the U.S. Marine Corps Reserves, attending the Platoon Leaders' Class in San Diego, California during the summers. He graduated with a Bachelor's degree in 1937 from the University of Kansas.

Early Marine Corps career[edit]

Jones was commissioned a Reserve second lieutenant on January 31, 1938; was called to active duty on September 29, 1939. He completed the Reserve Officers' Course at Quantico, Virginia, in November 1939; then joined the 1st Battalion, 6th Marines. He remained with the 1st Battalion for almost six years, including all of World War II. In November 1940, he was integrated into the regular Marine Corps.

In May 1941, he deployed with the 6th Marines for Iceland as part of the 1st Marine Brigade. He returned to the United States in March 1942. In Spring 1942, he was promoted to first lieutenant and, shortly after, to captain.

World War II[edit]

In October 1942, he deployed to the Pacific theater with the 1/6. He was a company executive officer (XO) with the 1/6 when he participated in the Battle of Guadalcanal. He then served as a company commander and the 1/6 XO. He was promoted to Major in May 1943.

In September 1943, he took command of the 1st Battalion, becoming the youngest commander of a Marine battalion.[1] During the Battle of Tarawa, the 1/6 under the then-Major Jones, "engaged more of the enemy in hand-to-hand combat on Betio than any other unit".[2] He earned a Silver Star and a field promotion to lieutenant colonel for his "gallantry in action" in November 1943 at Tarawa. His citation reads in part:

...he exposed himself to withering shellfire to organize and direct a mortar platoon and elements of his headquarters company in a brilliantly executed counterattack against Japanese troops who had broken through his battalion's lines.

He fought with valor in Battle of Saipan, for which he received the Navy Cross. His citation reads:

...when companies under his command landed out of position on three separate beaches, LtCol. Jones braved heavy enemy mortar, artillery and small-arms fire to proceed from unit to unit and reorganize and direct their disposition in seizing the designated target. Under his competent leadership, the battalion repeatedly turned back Japanese counterattacks during the ensuing two days and, on the night of June 16, bore the brunt of a hostile tank attack in which 24 Japanese tanks were destroyed...

After Tarawa, he also fought at Tinian and Okinawa.

1945 to 1953[edit]

Jones returned to the States in July 1945 and was assigned to head the Tactics and Techniques Section, of The Basic School. Then from May 1947 until June 1948, he served as the Chief of the Infantry Section, Junior School. He then served briefly in Washington, D.C. During this period, after the war, Jones authored, under the pseudonym "Base Plate McGurk", a series of articles providing advice to young officers. The articles were published in the Marine Corps Gazette,[3] then complied in a book and published by the Gazette in 1948.[4]

From August 1948 to August 1950 he served in Sweden as Assistant Naval Attache for Air at the American Embassy in Stockholm.

From August 1950 until February 1952, he served as Head of the Operations Subsection in the G-3 Section, Division of Plans and Policies, Headquarters Marine Corps. In February 1952, he became Head of the Operations and Training Branch. He was promoted in rank to colonel in August 1952. From June 1953 to September 1953, he served as Assistant G-3 at Headquarters Marine Corps.

Korean War[edit]

In September 1953, Jones moved to Korea to serve as Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3, 1st Marine Division. In February 1954, he took command of the 1st Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division — which post he held until his returning to the States in July 1954. For his service in Korea he was awarded the Bronze Star.

1954 to 1964[edit]

From 1954 to 1958, Jones was stationed at Marine Corps Schools, Quantico. From 1954 to 1956, served as Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2/G-3. From August 1956 to July 1958, Jones was Commanding Officer of The Basic School, also serving as a member of the Fleet Marine Force Organization and Composition Board from June 1956 to January 1957.

In July 1958, Jones assumed command of the Recruit Training Regiment, Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island, South Carolina. He held this command until July 1960 when he entered the Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island. Upon completing the course in Naval Warfare, he was assigned to the Pentagon as Chief, General Operations Division, J-3, Operations Directorate, Joint Staff, Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in July 1961. He served in this capacity until September 1962, when he was assigned to Headquarters Marine Corps. On October 1, 1962, he was promoted to brigadier general and appointed Legislative Assistant to the Commandant of the Marine Corps, General David Shoup.

In March 1964, General Jones assumed command of Force Troops, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific, and Marine Corps Base, Twentynine Palms, California.

Vietnam War[edit]

Jones (6th from left, middle row) at the 1967 General Officers Symposium

Jones served with distinction in two combat tours of duty during the Vietnam War. He was sent to the Vietnam in December 1965, serving as Director, Combat Operations Center, Headquarters, U.S. Military Assistance Command in Saigon, Vietnam (MACV). For services during this tour, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal. He was promoted to major general in November 1966. He returned the States in December, where he remained for two years before his second tour in Vietnam.

From January 1, 1967 to March 1, 1969, he served as Deputy Director of Personnel, Headquarters Marine Corps. For his service during this time, he was awarded the Legion of Merit.

He returned to Vietnam April 1969, taking command of the 3rd Marine Division. The Division conducted extensive combat operation near the DMZ from April to November of that year. In November 1969, the 3rd Marine Division was redeployed to Okinawa, Japan. While in Japan, in addition to command of the division, Jones became the Commanding General of the I Marine Expeditionary Force and Commander, Task Force 79 of the U.S. Seventh Fleet.

For exceptionally meritorious service from April 1969 to April 1970, as Commanding General of the 3rd Marine Division in Vietnam and as Commanding General of I MEF on Okinawa, he was awarded a Gold Star in lieu of a second Distinguished Service Medal. He was also decorated by the government of Vietnam, being awarded the National Order of Vietnam, 4th Class, the Vietnam Cross of Gallantry, and the Chuong My-1st Class Medal.

Final command[edit]

He returned to the United States in May 1970 as Special Assistant to the Chief of Staff at Headquarters Marine Corps. His nomination for three-star rank was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on May 12, 1970, with promotion effective on July 1, 1970.

On July 1, 1970, he assumed his last duty assignment as Commanding General, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific, serving until his retirement from active duty on September 1, 1972. He was awarded a third award of the Distinguished Service Medal for his during this assignment.

In retirement[edit]

Jones retired from active duty in 1972. In retirement, he served on the board of directors of the Naval War College.

In 1987, Jones penned the book A Brief History of the 6th Marines, published by the Marine Corps' History and Museums Division.[5]

LtGen Jones died on April 15, 1998 in Alexandria, Virginia of a stroke. He was buried with full military honors in Arlington National Cemetery.

Awards and decorations[edit]

A complete list of LtGen Jones' medals and decorations include:

 
Gold star
Gold star
 
Bronze star
Silver star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
RVN Choung My Medal 1st class ribbon.png
Navy Cross Navy Distinguished Service Medal w/ 2 award stars Silver Star
Legion of Merit Bronze Star Purple Heart Navy Presidential Unit Citation
American Defense Service Medal American Campaign Medal European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal w/ 5 service stars
World War II Victory Medal National Defense Service Medal w/ 1 service star Korean Service Medal Vietnam Service Medal w/ 4 service stars
Order of Military Merit, Eulji Cordon Medal National Order of Vietnam, Officer National Order of Vietnam, Knight Vietnam Gallantry Cross w/ palm
Vietnam Chuong-My Medal, 1st Class Vietnam Gallantry Cross unit citation United Nations Korea Medal Vietnam Campaign Medal

Family[edit]

William K. Jones was the brother of James L. Jones, Sr. and the uncle of General James L. Jones, Jr., the 32nd Commandant of the Marine Corps. His son Charles Jones is a journalist and the author of Boys of '67, which tells the story of three Marines who completed the Basic School in 1967 — Major General Ray Smith, Lieutenant General Martin Steele, and his first cousin General James L. Jones, Jr. William K. Jones was also the father of Carol Jones Hatton, Lt. Col. William K. Jones, Jr., and another son, Hugh M. Jones, who died in 1965. He was the grandfather of ten grandchildren.[6][7]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Goldberg, Harold J. (2007). D-Day in the Pacific. Indiana University Press. p. 110. ISBN 978-0-253-34869-2. Retrieved January 14, 2009. 
  2. ^ Alexander (1993). "The Japanese Special Naval Landing Forces". Across the Reef: The Marine Assault of Tarawa. Retrieved January 11, 2009. 
  3. ^ "William Kenefick Jones,Lieutenant General, United States Marine Corps". ArlingtonCemetery.net. Retrieved January 10, 2009. 
  4. ^ Jones, William K. (1948). Base Plate McGurk, company officer. Quantico, VA: Marine Corps Gazette. OCLC 8434803. 
  5. ^ Jones, William K. (1987). A brief history of the 6th Marines. Marine Corps Regimental Histories Series. Washington, D.C.:: History and Museums Division, Headquarters, U.S. Marines Corps. OCLC 17203257. 
  6. ^ Owens, Mackubin T. (March 27, 2006). "The Magnificent Marines". Leatherneck. Retrieved January 14, 2009. 
  7. ^ Hughes, LtCol Richard J., USAF (Summer 2008). "Book Review: Boys of ’67: From Vietnam to Iraq, the Extraordinary Story of a Few Good Men by Charles Jones. Stackpole Books". Air & Space Power Journal. Retrieved January 14, 2009. 

References[edit]

This article incorporates text in the public domain from the United States Marine Corps.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]